How to format your references using the Computational Biology and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Biology and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. NATO reform promises more publicity for less science. Nature 422, 248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi, Q., King, R.W., 2005. Chromosome nondisjunction yields tetraploid rather than aneuploid cells in human cell lines. Nature 437, 1038–1042.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien, K.R., Domian, I.J., Parker, K.K., 2008. Cardiogenesis and the complex biology of regenerative cardiovascular medicine. Science 322, 1494–1497.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kusurkar, T.S., Tandon, I., Sethy, N.K., Bhargava, K., Sarkar, S., Singh, S.K., Das, M., 2013. Fluorescent silk cocoon creating fluorescent diatom using a “Water glass-fluorophore ferry.” Sci. Rep. 3, 3290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees, H., 2011. Supply Chain Management in the Drug Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, C., 2014. Wireless Sensor Networks: Distributed Consensus Estimation, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, M., Misaghi, S., Ploegh, H.L., 2005. Immunoevasive Strategies: Host and Virus, in: Palese, P. (Ed.), Modulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by Viruses. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Biology and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Describe Potential New DNA Base [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Federal Support for Research and Education: Costs and Benefits (No. 091170). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D., 2015. Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Woideck, G., 2016. Buddha Provides Tap Shoes. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2003; Shi and King, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shi and King, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kusurkar et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Biology and Chemistry
AbbreviationComput. Biol. Chem.
ISSN (print)1476-9271
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
Computational Mathematics

Other styles