How to format your references using the Computational Biology and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Biology and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De Libero, G., 2004. Immunology. The Robin Hood of antigen presentation. Science 303, 485–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meinhart, A., Cramer, P., 2004. Recognition of RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain by 3’-RNA-processing factors. Nature 430, 223–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gardner, T.J., Naef, F., Nottebohm, F., 2005. Freedom and rules: the acquisition and reprogramming of a bird’s learned song. Science 308, 1046–1049.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lindell, D., Jaffe, J.D., Johnson, Z.I., Church, G.M., Chisholm, S.W., 2005. Photosynthesis genes in marine viruses yield proteins during host infection. Nature 438, 86–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A., 2016. Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
McCaffrey, R.J., Bauer, L., Palav, A.A., O’Bryant, S.E. (Eds.), 2006. Practitioner’s Guide to Symptom Base Rates in the General Population. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Sorek, N., Yalovsky, S., 2010. Protein–Lipid Modifications and Targeting of ROP/RAC and Heterotrimeric G Proteins, in: Yalovsky, S., Baluška, F., Jones, A. (Eds.), Integrated G Proteins Signaling in Plants, Signaling and Communication in Plants. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Biology and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Ocean “Dead Zones” Are Spreading – And That Spells Disaster For Fish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Needed on Electronic Data Exchanges (No. AIMD-98-124). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell, A.J., 2012. History transformed: Sengoku Daimyo in Japanese popular media (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. For the Mets, ‘Who’s on First?’ Isn’t a Punch Line. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (De Libero, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (De Libero, 2004; Meinhart and Cramer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meinhart and Cramer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lindell et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Biology and Chemistry
AbbreviationComput. Biol. Chem.
ISSN (print)1476-9271
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
Computational Mathematics

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