How to format your references using the Computational Biology and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Biology and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2013. Thrill of space exploration is a universal constant. Nature 503, 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, P., Werb, Z., 2008. Patterning mechanisms of branched organs. Science 322, 1506–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panday, V., Tiest, W.M.B., Kappers, A.M.L., 2014. Integration of length and curvature in haptic perception. Sci. Rep. 4, 3856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao, F., Zong, Q., Su, Z., Yang, C., He, Z., Wang, Y., Gao, Z., 2013. Determining the mechanism of cusp proton aurora. Sci. Rep. 3, 1654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stidwill, D., Fletcher, R., 2010. Normal Binocular Vision. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Zopounidis, C., Pardalos, P.M. (Eds.), 2010. Handbook of Multicriteria Analysis, Applied Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Deen, M., Heynen, E.J.E., Schouten, B., van der Helm, P.G.H.P., Korebrits, A.M., 2014. Games [4Therapy] Project: Let’s talk!, in: Schouten, B., Fedtke, S., Schijven, M., Vosmeer, M., Gekker, A. (Eds.), Games for Health 2014: Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Gaming and Playful Interaction in Healthcare. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp. 15–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Biology and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Extremely Rare Mineral Found In 450 Million Year Old Meteorite Impact Crater [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Motor Carrier Safety: Reincarnating Commercial Vehicle Companies Pose Safety Threat to Motoring Public; Federal Safety Agency Has Initiated Efforts to Prevent Future Occurrences (No. GAO-09-924). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horning, C.L., 2017. Kinesthetic learning in algebra and its effects on students’ achievement and disposition toward mathemathics (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Weapons Found Near Vnukovo Airport. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lu and Werb, 2008; Macilwain, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Werb, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Biology and Chemistry
AbbreviationComput. Biol. Chem.
ISSN (print)1476-9271
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
Computational Mathematics

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