How to format your references using the Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Dinman, J. D. Molecular biology: Entry signals control development. Nature 2015, 517, 24–25.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Gogotsi, Y. and Simon, P. Materials science. True performance metrics in electrochemical energy storage. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2011, 334, 917–918.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Aviezer, H. , Trope, Y. , and Todorov, A. Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2012, 338, 1225–1229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] Mamdouh, Z. , Chen, X. , Pierini, L. M. , Maxfield, F. R. , and Muller, W. A. Targeted recycling of PECAM from endothelial surface-connected compartments during diapedesis. Nature 2003, 421, 748–753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Blair, R. and Regenstein, J. M. Genetic Modification and Food Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK 2015.
An edited book
[1] Functional Coherence of Molecular Networks in Bioinformatics. Springer: New York, NY 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Joblin, K. N. Methanogenic archaea. In Methods in Gut Microbial Ecology for Ruminants; Makkar, H. P. S., McSweeney, C. S., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005; pp. 47–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
[1] Copper Block Sets Record Cold Temperature. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office District of Columbia: Extent to Which Schools Receive Available Federal Education Grants. (1998).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Kemp, L. S. Perspective Processing in Language Comprehension: Embodied Efffects Depend on the Pronoun. Doctoral dissertation, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Markoff, J. Devising Real Ethics for Artificial Intelligence. New York Times. , B1. (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1],[2].
This sentence cites four references [1],[2],[3],[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1934-7375
ISSN (online)1934-7383

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