How to format your references using the Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Wen, L. Localized temporal change of the Earth’s inner core boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2006, 314, 967–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Sandalow, D. B. and Bowles, I. A. Climate change. Fundamentals of treaty-making on climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2001, 292, 1839–1840.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Vignal, C. , Mathevon, N. , and Mottin, S. Audience drives male songbird response to partner’s voice. Nature 2004, 430, 448–451.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] Jeong, H. , Tombor, B. , Albert, R. , Oltvai, Z. N. , and Barabási, A. L. The large-scale organization of metabolic networks. Nature 2000, 407, 651–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Cross, M. and MacDonald, B. Nutrition in Institutions. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK 2008.
An edited book
[1] RNA and DNA Diagnostics. Springer International Publishing: Cham 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Raines, J. K. and Almeida, J. I. Pulse Volume Recording in the Diagnosis of Peripheral Vascular Disease. In Noninvasive Peripheral Arterial Diagnosis; AbuRahma, A. F., Bergan, J. J., Eds.; Springer: London, 2010; pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
[1] Researchers Make Huge Step Forward In Understanding How The Brain Processes Emotions. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office NASA’s Clipperton Project. (1996).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Clark, J. Screening for Allelopathic Potential and Self Facilitation in Japanese Hops (Humulus Japonicus, Cannabaceae). Doctoral dissertation,  2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Hay, G. Measuring Risks at Europe’s Banks. New York Times. , B2. (2011).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1],[2].
This sentence cites four references [1],[2],[3],[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1934-7375
ISSN (online)1934-7383

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