How to format your references using the Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Duve, C. de The joy of discovery. Nature 2010, 467, S5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Guttman, M. and Rinn, J. L. Modular regulatory principles of large non-coding RNAs. Nature 2012, 482, 339–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Arlettaz, R. , Jones, G. , and Racey, P. A. Effect of acoustic clutter on prey detection by bats. Nature 2001, 414, 742–745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1] Furrer, G. , Phillips, B. L. , Ulrich, K.-U. , Pöthig, R. , and Casey, W. H. The origin of aluminum flocs in polluted streams. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2002, 297, 2245–2247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Celant, G. and Broniatowski, M. Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ 2017.
An edited book
[1] Anti-inflammatory Nutraceuticals and Chronic Diseases. Springer International Publishing: Cham 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Blossfeld, S. and Gansert, D. The Use of Planar Optodes in Root Studies for Quantitative Imaging. In Measuring Roots: An Updated Approach; Mancuso, S., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 83–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
[1] Eagle Live Cam Back Online. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office Information Technology: Customs Automated Commercial Environment Program Progressing, but Need for Management Improvements Continues. (2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Chamoun, A. Molecular Characterization of a Subset of KRAB-ZFPs. Doctoral dissertation,  2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Hollander, S. First, There Was Parrying With Mother. New York Times. , D5. (2000).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1],[2].
This sentence cites four references [1],[2],[3],[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)1934-7375
ISSN (online)1934-7383

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