How to format your references using the Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Neelakantan, S. Psychology: Mind over myocardium. Nature 2013, 493, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hogan, B.M.; Black, B.L. Developmental biology: Diversity in the lymphatic vasculature. Nature 2015, 522, 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Malakoff, D.; Yeston, J.; Smith, J. Getting better to get bigger. Science 2010, 329, 779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Brocks, J.J.; Love, G.D.; Summons, R.E.; Knoll, A.H.; Logan, G.A.; Bowden, S.A. Biomarker evidence for green and purple sulphur bacteria in a stratified Palaeoproterozoic sea. Nature 2005, 437, 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Laykin, E. Investigative Computer Forensics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118572115.
An edited book
1.
Learning Through Practice: Models, Traditions, Orientations and Approaches; Billett, S., Ed.; Professional and Practice-based Learning; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; Vol. 1; ISBN 9789048139385.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Immorlica, N. Technology Diffusion in Social Networks. In SOFSEM 2009: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 35th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic, January 24-30, 2009. Proceedings; Nielsen, M., Kučera, A., Miltersen, P.B., Palamidessi, C., Tůma, P., Valencia, F., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 35–36 ISBN 9783540958901.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, D. Humans Are Still Evolving But In Ways That Might Surprise You (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office National Airspace System: Status of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Randolph, J.L. A Mixed-Methods Investigation of FMS Shoulder Mobility and Reported Upper Body Injury in Collegiate Football Athletes at a Division II Midwestern University. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines, G.G. Darwyn Cooke, Artist With a Retro Approach to Comics, Dies at 53. New York Times 2016, B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputation
AbbreviationComputation (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-3197
Scope

Other styles