How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noda, Susumu. 2006. Applied physics. Seeking the ultimate nanolaser. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314: 260–261.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jing, Jun, and Lian-Ao Wu. 2013. Control of decoherence with no control. Scientific reports 3: 2746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schweitzer, Mary H., Jennifer L. Wittmeyer, and John R. Horner. 2005. Gender-specific reproductive tissue in ratites and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1456–1460.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nielsen, Peter R., Daniel Nietlispach, Helen R. Mott, Juliana Callaghan, Andrew Bannister, Tony Kouzarides, Alexey G. Murzin, Natalia V. Murzina, and Ernest D. Laue. 2002. Structure of the HP1 chromodomain bound to histone H3 methylated at lysine 9. Nature 416: 103–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, Ryan E., Erin Carraher, and Peter DeLisle. 2017. Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bortz, Joel H., Aarthi Ramlaul, and Leonie Munro, ed. 2016. CT Colonography for Radiographers: A Guide to Performance and Image Interpretation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mukhamedov, Farrukh, and Nasir Ganikhodjaev. 2015. Quantum Quadratic Stochastic Operators. In Quantum Quadratic Operators and Processes, ed. Nasir Ganikhodjaev, 85–101. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Goats Are Surprisingly Good At Learning Tasks. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 27.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Environmental Protection: EPA’s Science and Technology Funds. RCED-99-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sydow, Kelly. 2010. A life review and Memory Album program to enhance family communication in assisted living. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael. 2017. Theater Jobs Skew White And Male, Study Finds. New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noda 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Noda 2006; Jing and Wu 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jing and Wu 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Nielsen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

Other styles