How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, Rex. 2003. Legal row looms for gene-map firm. Nature 423: 470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sillanpää, Mika A., and Pertti J. Hakonen. 2014. Optomechanics: Hardware for a quantum network. Nature 507: 45, 47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ng, Benjamin, Wenju Cai, and Kevin Walsh. 2014. The role of the SST-thermocline relationship in Indian Ocean Dipole skewness and its response to global warming. Scientific reports 4: 6034.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mehl, Matthias R., Simine Vazire, Nairán Ramírez-Esparza, Richard B. Slatcher, and James W. Pennebaker. 2007. Are women really more talkative than men? Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fraser, John, and Betty J. Simkins. 2009. Enterprise Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zaffagnini, Stefano, Roland Becker, Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, João Espregueira Mendes, and C. Niek van Dijk, ed. 2014. ESSKA Instructional Course Lecture Book: Amsterdam 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Franco, Giuditta, Vincenzo Manca, Cinzia Giagulli, and Carlo Laudanna. 2006. DNA Recombination by XPCR. In DNA Computing: 11th International Workshop on DNA Computing, DNA11, London, ON, Canada, June 6-9, 2005. Revised Selected Papers, ed. Alessandra Carbone and Niles A. Pierce, 55–66. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. Ebola Nations Declare First Week With No New Cases. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 8.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Improvements Needed in the Department of Energy’s Efforts To Develop a Financial Reporting System. EMD-78-95. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, Daryl. 2014. Teaching with the End in Mind: A Teacher’s Life History as a Legacy of Educational Leaders. Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, John. 2017. Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk. New York Times, March 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2003; Sillanpää and Hakonen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sillanpää and Hakonen 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mehl et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

Other styles