How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hashmi, A. Stephen K. 2012. Chemistry. Sub-nanosized gold catalysts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338: 1434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayer, Ronald, and James Colgrove. 2002. Public health vs. civil liberties. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong, Ying, Chunhui Mo, and Scott E. Fraser. 2004. Planar cell polarity signalling controls cell division orientation during zebrafish gastrulation. Nature 430: 689–693.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Knowles, Tuomas P., Anthony W. Fitzpatrick, Sarah Meehan, Helen R. Mott, Michele Vendruscolo, Christopher M. Dobson, and Mark E. Welland. 2007. Role of intermolecular forces in defining material properties of protein nanofibrils. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 1900–1903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boyd, Robert K., Cecilia Basic, and Robert A. Bethem. 2008. Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Torres, Diego F., and Nanda Rea, ed. 2011. High-Energy Emission from Pulsars and their Systems: Proceedings of the First Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Iacucci, Ilaria, Luca Saba, and Michele Anzidei. 2013. Plaque Imaging. In Cardiovascular CT and MR Imaging: From Technique to Clinical Interpretation, ed. Carlo Catalano, Michele Anzidei, and Alessandro Napoli, 55–70. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. 13.7 Billion Years Of Galaxy Formation In 46 Seconds. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 16.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Human Capital Legislative Proposals to NASA’s Fiscal Year 2003 Authorization Bill. GAO-03-264R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milillo, Michael Steven. 2009. Analysis of emotional intelligence among management leaders and non-management leaders in software development. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2016. Max Ritvo, 25, Poet Who Chronicled His Cancer Fight. New York Times, August 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hashmi 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bayer and Colgrove 2002; Hashmi 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayer and Colgrove 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Knowles et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

Other styles