How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy (J Astrophys Astron). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan, Steven R. 2012. Perspective: Clues, not conclusions. Nature 489: S15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tilman, David, and Forest Isbell. 2015. Biodiversity: Recovery as nitrogen declines. Nature 528: 336–337.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe, Candy, Julie M. Harris, and S. Craig Roberts. 2005. Sporting contests: seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature 437: E10; discussion E10-1.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Biggs, Duan, Robert J. Smith, Vanessa M. Adams, Henry Brink, Carly N. Cook, Rosie Cooney, Matthew H. Holden, et al. 2018. Response-Ivory crisis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 360: 277–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bagotsky, Vladimir, Alexander M. Skundin, and Yurij M. Volfkovich. 2014. Electrochemical Power Sources. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Murphy, Colette, and Kathryn Scantlebury, ed. 2010. Coteaching in International Contexts: Research and Practice. Vol. 1. Cultural Studies of Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Daruich, Jorge, Estela Manero, and Alfredo Parietti. 2008. The Liver and Surgery. In Orthopedic Surgery in Patients with Hemophilia, ed. Horacio A. Caviglia and Luigi Piero Solimeno, 33–46. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Why Do Leaves Change Color In Fall? IFLScience. IFLScience. September 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Federal Communications Commission: Facilitate the Development and Use of the Universal Licensing System in the Wireless Telecommunications Services. OGC-99-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eslava Rios, Javier. 2015. Automatic melanoma detection in dermatological images. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, Mary H. K. 2013. Terror in the Streets. New York Times, June 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerber 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schlessinger 2003; Schiermeier 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tilman and Isbell 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Farrell et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

Other styles