How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hochstrasser, Mark. 2009. Origin and function of ubiquitin-like proteins. Nature 458: 422–429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, Sarah L., and Kenneth Wilson. 2002. Parasites as a viability cost of sexual selection in natural populations of mammals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 2015–2018.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amodeo, Gabriele A., Michael J. Rudolph, and Liang Tong. 2007. Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature 449: 492–495.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hofer, Sonja B., Thomas D. Mrsic-Flogel, Tobias Bonhoeffer, and Mark Hübener. 2009. Experience leaves a lasting structural trace in cortical circuits. Nature 457: 313–317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Gorman, Thomas W. 2012. Adaptive Tests of Significance Using Permutations of Residuals with R and SAS®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sarkis, Joseph, James J. Cordeiro, and Diego Vazquez Brust, ed. 2010. Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dye, David H., and M. Franklin Keel. 2012. The Portrayal of Native American Violence and Warfare: Who Speaks for the Past? In The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research: Reporting on Environmental Degradation and Warfare, ed. Richard J. Chacon and Rubén G. Mendoza, 51–72. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How To Grow Your Own Bismuth Crystals. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 26.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Use of Appropriated Funds as Impact Aid to Educational Agencies. B-164081. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurgyi, Arpad A. 2012. Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gant, Kelly. 2011. Quotation of the Day. New York Times, February 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hochstrasser 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Moore and Wilson 2002; Hochstrasser 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Wilson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hofer et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

Other styles