How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farokhzad, Omid C. 2015. Nanotechnology: Platelet mimicry. Nature 526: 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, William G., and Steven L. Goldstein. 2005. Open-system coral ages reveal persistent suborbital sea-level cycles. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 401–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schneider, David M., Anders Nelson, and Richard Mooney. 2014. A synaptic and circuit basis for corollary discharge in the auditory cortex. Nature 513: 189–194.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Moehring, D. L., P. Maunz, S. Olmschenk, K. C. Younge, D. N. Matsukevich, L-M Duan, and C. Monroe. 2007. Entanglement of single-atom quantum bits at a distance. Nature 449: 68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottjer, David J. 2016. Paleoecology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Burckhardt, Peter, Bess Dawson-Hughes, and Connie Weaver, ed. 2010. Nutritional Influences on Bone Health. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Werfel, Justin. 2012. Collective Construction with Robot Swarms. In Morphogenetic Engineering: Toward Programmable Complex Systems, ed. René Doursat, Hiroki Sayama, and Olivier Michel, 115–140. Understanding Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. This Single Image Contains 6 Celestial Phenomena. How Many Can You Name? IFLScience. IFLScience. February 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews. GAO-05-571T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmstedt, Carol. 2013. Low voltage switched-current cell and its application. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. Film Series. New York Times, March 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farokhzad 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Goldstein 2005; Farokhzad 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Goldstein 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Moehring et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

Other styles