How to format your references using the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warrington, Bruce. 2012. Physics. Two atomic clocks ticking as one. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, Thomas, and Rainer W. Friedrich. 2015. Neurobiology: Individuality sniffed out in flies. Nature 526: 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurst, Laurence D., Edward J. Feil, and Eduardo P. C. Rocha. 2006. Protein evolution: causes of trends in amino-acid gain and loss. Nature 442: E11-2; discussion E12.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pol, Arjan, Klaas Heijmans, Harry R. Harhangi, Dario Tedesco, Mike S. M. Jetten, and Huub J. M. Op den Camp. 2007. Methanotrophy below pH 1 by a new Verrucomicrobia species. Nature 450: 874–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, Gilberto, and Bruce Levin. 2014. The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
White, Mathew A., and A. Simon Murray, ed. 2015. Evidence-Based Approaches in Positive Education: Implementing a Strategic Framework for Well-being in Schools. Positive Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, Rudolf G. 2013. A Classic Paving the Way to Modernity: The Ritual of Zhou in the Chinese Reform Debate Since the Taiping Civil War. In Modernity’s Classics, ed. Sarah C. Humphreys and Rudolf G. Wagner, 77–99. Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. Could The Mystery Of The Meow Actually Be Solved By A New Talking Cat Collar? IFLScience. IFLScience. May 18.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Surface Transportation: States Are Experimenting With Design-Build Contracting. RCED-97-138R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert, Christine. 2017. Factors Associated With Dietetic Interns’ Knowledge of Sodium and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, James. 2017. Stepping Off Fifth Ave., Into a 1920s Paris Apartment. New York Times, January 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warrington 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Warrington 2012; Frank and Friedrich 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Friedrich 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Pol et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Astrophysics and Astronomy
ISSN (print)0250-6335
ISSN (online)0973-7758

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