How to format your references using the Comprehensive Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comprehensive Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Baker M. RNA interference: MicroRNAs as biomarkers. Nature 2010;464:1227.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schuster-Böckler B, Lehner B. Chromatin organization is a major influence on regional mutation rates in human cancer cells. Nature 2012;488:504–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Halazonetis TD, Gorgoulis VG, Bartek J. An oncogene-induced DNA damage model for cancer development. Science 2008;319:1352–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kopp A, Duncan I, Godt D, Carroll SB. Genetic control and evolution of sexually dimorphic characters in Drosophila. Nature 2000;408:553–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Teodorescu P, Stănescu N-D, Pandrea N. Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Ucinski D, Atkinson AC, Patan M, editors. mODa 10 – Advances in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis Held in Łagów Lubuski, Poland, June 10–14, 2013. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Iafrate F, Stagnitti A, Laghi A. Preparazione del paziente e altri aspetti pratici. In: Passariello R, editor. La colonscopia virtuale, Milano: Springer; 2008, p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comprehensive Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Gut microbe therapy reduces autism-like symptoms in mice. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gut-microbe-therapy-reduces-autism-symptoms-mice/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Costs and Planned Use of Emergency Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Goodison SE. The undiscovered country: Homicide, dynamic change, and deterrence in Washington, D.C. Neighborhoods, 1998-2006. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Eligon J. Minneapolis Grapples With a Community Being Left Behind. New York Times 2016:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComprehensive Psychiatry
AbbreviationCompr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0010-440X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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