How to format your references using the Comprehensive Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comprehensive Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Baselga J. Targeting tyrosine kinases in cancer: the second wave. Science 2006;312:1175–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tan Y, Luo Z-Q. Legionella pneumophila SidD is a deAMPylase that modifies Rab1. Nature 2011;475:506–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sachs R, Lin Z, Shi J. Ferroelectric-like SrTiO3 surface dipoles probed by graphene. Sci Rep 2014;4:3657.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Blekhman R, Perry GH, Shahbaz S, Fiehn O, Clark AG, Gilad Y. Comparative metabolomics in primates reveals the effects of diet and gene regulatory variation on metabolic divergence. Sci Rep 2014;4:5809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Barnes P. The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Crowhurst M, editor. Beginning Teachers: Reviewing Disastrous Lessons. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bernabei R, Power J. Living Designs. In: Lepora NF, Mura A, Mangan M, Verschure PFMJ, Desmulliez M, Prescott TJ, editors. Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: 5th International Conference, Living Machines 2016, Edinburgh, UK, July 19-22, 2016. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 40–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comprehensive Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. This Super-Earth Atmosphere Might Have Massive Implications For The Search For Life. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/this-superearth-atmosphere-might-have-massive-implications-for-the-search-for-life/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: New Competitive Conditions Require Changes in DOT Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Felsburg DF. The business of evangelism: A phenomenological study of frustration and attrition among Christian evangelists. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. Vape Shops Fear Effects Of New F.D.A. Rules. New York Times 2017:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComprehensive Psychiatry
AbbreviationCompr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0010-440X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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