How to format your references using the Comprehensive Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comprehensive Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Collinge J. Medicine. Prion strain mutation and selection. Science 2010;328:1111–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rockström J, Falkenmark M. Agriculture: increase water harvesting in Africa. Nature 2015;519:283–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
de Jong T, Linn MC, Zacharia ZC. Physical and virtual laboratories in science and engineering education. Science 2013;340:305–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yu SR, Burkhardt M, Nowak M, Ries J, Petrásek Z, Scholpp S, et al. Fgf8 morphogen gradient forms by a source-sink mechanism with freely diffusing molecules. Nature 2009;461:533–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A. New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Cheng I-H, Chan S-J, editors. International Education Aid in Developing Asia: Policies and Practices. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Belopolskaya Y. Probabilistic Counterparts for Strongly Coupled Parabolic Systems. In: Melas VB, Mignani S, Monari P, Salmaso L, editors. Topics in Statistical Simulation: Research Papers from the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Simulation, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comprehensive Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Role Of Science And Innovation In A 21st Century Government. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Legality of Regulations Authorizing Origination Fee Reduction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Felarca CU. A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. JUSTICES, RULING 5-4, ENDORSE PERSONAL RIGHT TO OWN GUN. New York Times 2008:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComprehensive Psychiatry
AbbreviationCompr. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0010-440X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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