How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Abbott A. Membrane proteins: channel voyager makes waves. Nature. 2003;426:755.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lin S-C, van Keken PE. Multiple volcanic episodes of flood basalts caused by thermochemical mantle plumes. Nature. 2005;436:250–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Arita I, Nakane M, Fenner F. Public health. Is polio eradication realistic? Science. 2006;312:852–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Leibfried A, To JPC, Busch W, Stehling S, Kehle A, Demar M, et al. WUSCHEL controls meristem function by direct regulation of cytokinin-inducible response regulators. Nature. 2005;438:1172–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lane D. The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Chee YM, Guo Z, Ling S, Shao F, Tang Y, Wang H, et al., editors. Coding and Cryptology: Third International Workshop, IWCC 2011, Qingdao, China, May 30-June 3, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Seidl C, Pogorelskiy K, Traub S. Uniform Measures. In: Pogorelskiy K, Traub S, editors. Tax Progression in OECD Countries: An Integrative Analysis of Tax Schedules and Income Distributions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 27–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Growing Up With A Dog Could Lower Risk Of Developing Asthma [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/growing-dog-child-could-lower-their-risk-developing-asthma/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intercollegiate Athletics: Trends by Sport in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports, an E-supplement to GAO-07-535. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jul. Report No.: GAO-07-744SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gade S. Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Branch J. Finding a Home in the Sand. New York Times. 2016 Aug 8;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer
AbbreviationMol. Cancer
ISSN (online)1476-4598
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine
Oncology

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