How to format your references using the Molecular Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sarewitz D. World view: Tomorrow never knows. Nature. 2010;463:24.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Beghein C, Trampert J. Robust normal mode constraints on inner-core anisotropy from model space search. Science. 2003;299:552–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jiang P, Bertone JF, Colvin VL. A lost-wax approach to monodisperse colloids and their crystals. Science. 2001;291:453–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu F, Wan Q, Pristupa ZB, Yu XM, Wang YT, Niznik HB. Direct protein-protein coupling enables cross-talk between dopamine D5 and gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptors. Nature. 2000;403:274–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Müller B, Van de Voorde M. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1. Sanford K, Rogers T, Kendrick M, editors. Everyday Youth Literacies: Critical Perspectives for New Times. Singapore: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mokam D. US and the Democratic Process in Cameroon from 1990 to 2013. In: Burt S, Añorve DA, editors. Global Perspectives on US Democratization Efforts: From the Outside In. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. It Feels Instantaneous, but How Long Does it Really Take to Think a Thought? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Magellan Mission to Venus. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 May. Report No.: NSIAD-88-130FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cong M. Predictive models of cytotoxicity as mediated by exposure to environmental toxicants and drugs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Young Stars Climb Rankings, Jolting Russia’s Dormant Men’s Game to Life. New York Times. 2017 Jan 17;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Cancer
AbbreviationMol. Cancer
ISSN (online)1476-4598
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Medicine

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