How to format your references using the Composite Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composite Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nusse R. Cancer. Converging on beta-catenin in Wilms tumor. Science. 2007;316:988–989.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jackson BE, McInerney MJ. Anaerobic microbial metabolism can proceed close to thermodynamic limits. Nature. 2002;415:454–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Miller PM, Gavrilets S, Rice WR. Sexual conflict via maternal-effect genes in ZW species. Science. 2006;312:73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Faraci G, Pennisi AR, Alberti A, et al. Giant photoluminescence emission in crystalline faceted Si grains. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Alberty RA. Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Koubaa A, Khelil A, editors. Cooperative Robots and Sensor Networks 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sharma M, Moulder JE. The Urine Proteome as a Radiation Biodosimeter. In: Leszczynski D, editor. Radiation Proteomics: The effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation on cells and tissues. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 87–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composite Interfaces.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ocean Plastic Mysteriously Disappears From Oceans [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/microplastics-are-choking-our-oceans/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Risk Management of Decennial Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007. Report No.: GAO-08-259T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Galan M. Educational practices to support homeless students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Qiu L. That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran. New York Times. 2017 Oct 10;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposite Interfaces
AbbreviationCompos. Interfaces
ISSN (online)1568-5543
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
General Physics and Astronomy

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