How to format your references using the Composite Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composite Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Brody H. Biomaterials. Nature. 2015;519:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Otto SP, Nuismer SL. Species interactions and the evolution of sex. Science. 2004;304:1018–1020.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Pluth MD, Bergman RG, Raymond KN. Acid catalysis in basic solution: a supramolecular host promotes orthoformate hydrolysis. Science. 2007;316:85–88.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Nelson R, Sawaya MR, Balbirnie M, et al. Structure of the cross-beta spine of amyloid-like fibrils. Nature. 2005;435:773–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wrobel GM, Neil E. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Marinai S, Fujisawa H, editors. Machine Learning in Document Analysis and Recognition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hooper CJ, Neves B, Bordea G. A Disciplinary Analysis of Internet Science. In: Tiropanis T, Vakali A, Sartori L, et al., editors. Internet Science: Second International Conference, INSCI 2015, Brussels, Belgium, May 27-29, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composite Interfaces.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Mice Reveal The Secret of Disease Superspreaders [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/mice-reveal-secret-disease-superspreaders/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995. Report No.: RCED-95-213R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chima-Okereke O. The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
MacFARQUHAR N, Kramer AE. Putin Sees Path to Diplomacy Through Syria. New York Times. 2015 Sep 17;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposite Interfaces
AbbreviationCompos. Interfaces
ISSN (online)1568-5543
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
General Physics and Astronomy

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