How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miralda-Escudé, J. (2001). Cosmology. Probing matter at the lowest densities. Science 293, 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mercer, J., and Helenius, A. (2008). Vaccinia virus uses macropinocytosis and apoptotic mimicry to enter host cells. Science 320, 531–535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi, S., Li, H., and Poulos, T. L. (2013). Structural basis for effector control and redox partner recognition in cytochrome P450. Science 340, 1227–1230.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiao-Hong, Z., Lan-Hua, L., Wei-Qi, X., Bao-Dong, S., Jian-Wu, S., Miao, H., et al. (2014). A reusable evanescent wave immunosensor for highly sensitive detection of bisphenol A in water samples. Sci. Rep. 4, 4572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2012). Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cuellar, J. ed. (2013). Smart Grid Security: First International Workshop, SmartGridSec 2012, Berlin, Germany, December 3, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rose, S., and van der Laan, M. J. (2011). “Introduction to TMLE,” in Targeted Learning: Causal Inference for Observational and Experimental Data Springer Series in Statistics., ed. S. Rose (New York, NY: Springer), 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Astronomers Just Discovered One Of The Most Massive Objects In The Universe Hiding Behind The Milky Way. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Head Start: Information on Sponsoring Organizations and Center Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dorrance, A. M. (2008). The Role of the Partial Tandem Duplication of MLL (MLL PTD) in Leukemogenesis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miralda-Escudé, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Miralda-Escudé, 2001; Mercer and Helenius, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mercer and Helenius, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao-Hong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuropharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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