How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehrsson, H. H. (2007). The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences. Science 317, 1048.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birchler, J. A., and Kavi, H. H. (2008). Molecular biology. Slicing and dicing for small RNAs. Science 320, 1023–1024.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, X.-Q., Shen, H.-W., and Cheng, X.-Q. (2014). Trading network predicts stock price. Sci. Rep. 4, 3711.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, Q., Li, Z., Li, N., Chen, X., Chen, P., Shen, X., et al. (2014). High-polarization-discriminating infrared detection using a single quantum well sandwiched in plasmonic micro-cavity. Sci. Rep. 4, 6332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kossiakoff, A., and Sweet, W. N. (2005). Systems Engineering Principles and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schättler, H. (2015). Optimal Control for Mathematical Models of Cancer Therapies: An Application of Geometric Methods. 1st ed. 2015. , ed. U. Ledzewicz New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
De Lucia, G. (2016). “Galaxy Evolution in the Era of Digital Surveys: A Theoretical Overview,” in The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings., eds. N. R. Napolitano, G. Longo, M. Marconi, M. Paolillo, and E. Iodice (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016). Recently Discovered “Casper” The Octopod Already At Risk From Deep-Sea Mining. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Intellectual Property: Observations on Efforts to Quantify the Economic Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Migues, K. P. (2017). A Qualitative Exploration of Retention of Experienced Teachers: Why Do They Stay?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miller, S. K. (2013). Being ‘Partly Jewish.’ New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ehrsson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ehrsson, 2007; Birchler and Kavi, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birchler and Kavi, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuropharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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