How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smartt, S. J. (2015). Astrophysics: A twist in the tale of γ-ray bursts. Nature 523, 164–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilham, R., and England, P. (2001). Plateau “pop-up” in the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Nature 410, 806–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carbone, F., Kwon, O.-H., and Zewail, A. H. (2009). Dynamics of chemical bonding mapped by energy-resolved 4D electron microscopy. Science 325, 181–184.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ottesen, E. A., Hong, J. W., Quake, S. R., and Leadbetter, J. R. (2006). Microfluidic digital PCR enables multigene analysis of individual environmental bacteria. Science 314, 1464–1467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heritier, S., Cantoni, E., Copt, S., and Victoria-Feser, M.-P. (2009). Robust Methods in Biostatistics: Heritier/Robust Methods in Biostatistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anari, A. (2010). The Power of Profit: Business and Economic Analyses, Forecasting, and Stock Valuation. , ed. J. W. Kolari Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, X., and Gao, S. (2012). “Effects of Vertical Wind Shear,” in Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis, ed. S. Gao (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 125–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Uncanny Valley: Why We Find Human-Like Robots And Dolls So Creepy. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Highway Infrastructure: Interstate Physical Conditions Have Improved, but Congestion and Other Pressures Continue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papp, T. M. (2017). CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006). Guardian Angels Welcome in Greenport. New York Times, 14LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smartt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham and England, 2001; Smartt, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilham and England, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ottesen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuropharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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