How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen, J. (2007). Physics. Watching rush hour in the world of electrons. Science 315, 1372–1373.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, G., and Roth, C. B. (2001). Structure of MsbA from E. coli: a homolog of the multidrug resistance ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Science 293, 1793–1800.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell, J. A., Thomas, S. N., and Swartz, M. A. (2009). Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature 462, 449–460.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fujita, Y., Furushima, R., Ohno, H., Sagawa, F., and Inoue, T. (2014). Cell-surface receptor control that depends on the size of a synthetic equilateral-triangular RNA-protein complex. Sci. Rep. 4, 6422.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C. L. (2012). Distillation Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nambiar, R., and Poess, M. eds. (2012). Topics in Performance Evaluation, Measurement and Characterization: Third TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, August 29-September 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bennett, J. (2005). “Mathematics, Instruments and Navigation, 1600–1800,” in Mathematics and the Historian’s Craft: The Kenneth O. May Lectures CMS Books in Mathematics., eds. G. V. Brummelen and M. Kinyon (New York, NY: Springer), 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Why Rosetta Is The Greatest Space Mission Of Our Lifetime. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). IT Supply Chain: National Security-Related Agencies Need to Better Address Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, S. (2019). The Other Side of Adversity: Surviving a Destructive Leader Experience.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2017). Where the Curriculum Is Hair-Raising. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaanen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chang and Roth, 2001; Zaanen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Roth, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujita et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuropharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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