How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuropharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daëron, M. (2014). Cell biology. Signaling shifts in allergy responses. Science 343, 982–983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tan, L. W. H., and Subramaniam, R. (2002). Education. Science and the student entrepreneur. Science 298, 1556.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, W., Kawamata, H., and Liu, K. (2009). CH stretching excitation in the early barrier F + CHD3 reaction inhibits CH bond cleavage. Science 325, 303–306.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ayoub, N., Jeyasekharan, A. D., Bernal, J. A., and Venkitaraman, A. R. (2008). HP1-beta mobilization promotes chromatin changes that initiate the DNA damage response. Nature 453, 682–686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krimpmann, A. (2015). Principles of Group Accounting under IFRS. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Valsiner, J., Molenaar, P. C. M., Lyra, M. C. D. P., and Chaudhary, N. eds. (2009). Dynamic Process Methodology in the Social and Developmental Sciences. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Holzinger, A., Dorner, S., Födinger, M., Valdez, A. C., and Ziefle, M. (2010). “Chances of Increasing Youth Health Awareness through Mobile Wellness Applications,” in HCI in Work and Learning, Life and Leisure: 6th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering, USAB 2010, Klagenfurt, Austria, November 4-5, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. G. Leitner, M. Hitz, and A. Holzinger (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 71–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuropharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). Was Venus Once A Habitable World Like Earth? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Highway Trust Fund: Possible Impact if It Had Financed All Highway Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, J. S. (2012). Trust in immediate supervisor, trust in top management, organizational trust precursors: Predictors of organizational effectiveness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., and Coscarelli, J. (2017). Fyre Festival Organizers Face Wrath of Attendees. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Daëron, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Tan and Subramaniam, 2002; Daëron, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tan and Subramaniam, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ayoub et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuropharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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