How to format your references using the Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baldwin, R.L., 2002. Making a network of hydrophobic clusters. Science 295, 1657–1658.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully, R., Livingston, D.M., 2000. In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2. Nature 408, 429–432.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGaha, T.L., Sorrentino, B., Ravetch, J.V., 2005. Restoration of tolerance in lupus by targeted inhibitory receptor expression. Science 307, 590–593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xin, L., Liu, Y., Li, B., Zhou, X., Shen, H., Zhao, W., Liang, C., 2014. Constructing hierarchical submicrotubes from interconnected TiO₂ nanocrystals for high reversible capacity and long-life lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 4479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bain, B.J., Wild, B.J., Stephens, A.D., Phelan, L.A., 2010. Variant Haemoglobins. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Guder, L.F. (Ed.), 2009. The Administration of Debt Relief by the International Financial Institutions: A Legal Reconstruction of the HIPC Initiative, Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Furman, J.E., 2006. Occupational Regulation, in: Lessenger, J.E. (Ed.), Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 35–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Early Giant Galaxy Seen Gorging On Intergalactic Gas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Space Acquisitions: Some Programs Have Overcome Past Problems, but Challenges and Uncertainty Remain for the Future (No. GAO-15-492T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mai, J., 2017. College Application Behaviors: Factors Impacting the College Choices of High School Seniors (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Suozzi Offers Plan to Shore Up Aviation Museum. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baldwin, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Baldwin, 2002; Scully and Livingston, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Livingston, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Xin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics
AbbreviationComp. Biochem. Physiol. Part D Genomics Proteomics
ISSN (print)1744-117X
Molecular Biology

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