How to format your references using the Communications in Theoretical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Theoretical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mátyás C 2010 Forecasts needed for retreating forests Nature 464 1271
A journal article with 2 authors
Segura-Totten M and Wilson K L 2001 Virology. HIV--breaking the rules for nuclear entry Science 294 1016–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Sørensen T L-M, Møller J V and Nissen P 2004 Phosphoryl transfer and calcium ion occlusion in the calcium pump Science 304 1672–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Dick R A, Zadrozny K K, Xu C, Schur F K M, Lyddon T D, Ricana C L, Wagner J M, Perilla J R, Ganser-Pornillos B K, Johnson M C, Pornillos O and Vogt V M 2018 Inositol phosphates are assembly co-factors for HIV-1 Nature 560 509–12

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossi R J 2006 Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Yoon B and Sharif R 2015 Critical Literacy Practice: Applications of Critical Theory in Diverse Settings (Singapore: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Nenon T 2011 The Limits of Biomedical Ethics and the Specific Role of Phenomenology in Biomedical Ethics Clinical Ethics and the Necessity of Stories: Essays in Honor of Richard M. Zaner Philosophy and Medicine ed O P Wiggins and A C Allen (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 45–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Theoretical Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 When Your Body Becomes Your Password, The End Of The Login Is Nigh IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 Software Capability Evaluation: VA’s Software Development Process Is Immature (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hartl S D 2012 The role of culture in managing diversity: How culturally based heuristics differ in minority and non-minority managerial decision making Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2007 Iran: Russia Delays Nuclear Plant To 2008 New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Theoretical Physics
AbbreviationCommun. Theor. Phys.
ISSN (print)0253-6102
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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