How to format your references using the Communications in Theoretical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Theoretical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel J M 2001 The REM sleep-memory consolidation hypothesis Science 294 1058–63
A journal article with 2 authors
Linkenhoker B A and Knudsen E I 2002 Incremental training increases the plasticity of the auditory space map in adult barn owls Nature 419 293–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Storey M, Duncan R A and Swisher C C 3rd 2007 Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic Science 316 587–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rao F, Ding K, Zhou Y, Zheng Y, Xia M, Lv S, Song Z, Feng S, Ronneberger I, Mazzarello R, Zhang W and Ma E 2017 Reducing the stochasticity of crystal nucleation to enable subnanosecond memory writing Science 358 1423–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood J, Brown W and Howe H 2013 IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Jericho B G 2015 Ethical Issues in Anesthesiology and Surgery (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Jobst A A 2016 A Primer on Structured Finance Derivatives and Hedge Funds ed S Satchell (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 72–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Theoretical Physics.

Blog post
Fang J 2014 Fat Grizzlies Reveal Natural, Reversible Diabetes IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1993 Federal Research: Super Collider Is Over Budget and Behind Schedule (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jategaonkar S P 2009 Two essays on stock repurchases and insider trading Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C 2009 Good Customers, Bad Bill Payers New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Theoretical Physics
AbbreviationCommun. Theor. Phys.
ISSN (print)0253-6102
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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