How to format your references using the Communications in Theoretical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Theoretical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Akerman J 2005 Applied physics. Toward a universal memory Science 308 508–10
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu F and Zhang X 2013 The Wnt signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of phagocytosis of virus in Drosophila Sci. Rep. 3 2069
A journal article with 3 authors
Fontana L, Partridge L and Longo V D 2010 Extending healthy life span--from yeast to humans Science 328 321–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ren M, Shang C, Zhong X, Guo R, Lao G, Wang X, Cheng H, Min J, Yan L and Shen J 2014 Insulin-producing cells from embryonic stem cells rescues hyperglycemia via intra-spleen migration Sci. Rep. 4 7586

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langton R 2006 Stability and Control of Aircraft Systems (Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
An edited book
Charushin V and Chupakhin O 2014 Metal Free C-H Functionalization of Aromatics: Nucleophilic Displacement of Hydrogen vol 37 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Kim S-K, Han J-M and Song M-Y 2010 A Social Network System Based on an Ontology in the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine Recent Trends and Developments in Social Software: International Conferences on Social Software, BlogTalk 2008, Cork, Ireland, March 3-4, 2008, and BlogTalk 2009, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 15-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed J G Breslin, T N Burg, H-G Kim, T Raftery and J-H Schmidt (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 46–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Theoretical Physics.

Blog post
Hale T 2017 Pilot Films Mind-Blowing Time-lapse Video Of The Milky Way IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Consolidated Education Planning: State Education Agencies’ Implementation of Consolidated Planning at the Local Level (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen E L 2015 Teacher Evaluation and Student Achievement in Elementary Education Doctoral dissertation ( St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Oral Dissents Give Ginsburg A New Voice New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Theoretical Physics
AbbreviationCommun. Theor. Phys.
ISSN (print)0253-6102
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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