How to format your references using the IEEE Pervasive Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Pervasive Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. B. Vosshall, “Into the mind of a fly,” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7167, pp. 193–197, Nov. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Iwahara and G. M. Clore, “Detecting transient intermediates in macromolecular binding by paramagnetic NMR,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7088, pp. 1227–1230, Apr. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Lykotrafitis, A. J. Rosakis, and G. Ravichandran, “Self-healing pulse-like shear ruptures in the laboratory,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5794, pp. 1765–1768, Sep. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. A. Grohme et al., “The genome of Schmidtea mediterranea and the evolution of core cellular mechanisms,” Nature, vol. 554, no. 7690, pp. 56–61, Feb. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Weiss, Handbook of Ion Chromatography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
T. Knopp, Magnetic Particle Imaging: An Introduction to Imaging Principles and Scanner Instrumentation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Carolan, S. C. McLoone, and R. Farrell, “A Predictive Model for Minimising Power Usage in Radio Access Networks,” in Mobile Networks and Management: 7th International Conference, MONAMI 2015, Santander, Spain, September 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, R. Agüero, T. Zinner, M. García-Lozano, B.-L. Wenning, and A. Timm-Giel, Eds., in Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Pervasive Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Breast Milk Custom Formulated For Baby’s Gender,” IFLScience, Feb. 19, 2014.’s-gender/ (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: FBI Is Implementing Key Acquisition Methods on Its New Case Management System, but Related Agencywide Guidance Needs to Be Improved,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-1014, Sep. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Rajendran, “Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Mets Send Duda to Rays; More Trades May Follow,” New York Times, p. B9, Jul. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Pervasive Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Pervasive Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1268
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications

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