How to format your references using the IEEE Pervasive Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Pervasive Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Rochmyaningsih, “Indigenous peoples must benefit from science,” Nature, vol. 526, no. 7574, p. 477, Oct. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Wilder-Smith and D. J. Gubler, “PUBLIC HEALTH. Dengue vaccines at a crossroad,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6261, pp. 626–627, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Lee, A. A. Abdeen, and K. A. Kilian, “Rewiring mesenchymal stem cell lineage specification by switching the biophysical microenvironment,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5188, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. M. Munne et al., “TP53 supports basal-like differentiation of mammary epithelial cells by preventing translocation of deltaNp63 into nucleoli,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4663, Apr. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Orchin, R. S. Macomber, A. R. Pinhas, and R. M. Wilson, The Vocabulary and Concepts of Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
P. J. Houghton and R. J. Arceci, Eds., Molecularly Targeted Therapy for Childhood Cancer. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Abboud, V. V. Williams, and O. Weimann, “Consequences of Faster Alignment of Sequences,” in Automata, Languages, and Programming: 41st International Colloquium, ICALP 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 8-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, J. Esparza, P. Fraigniaud, T. Husfeldt, and E. Koutsoupias, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Pervasive Computing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Calories Burnt By Teenagers Drops Suddenly During Puberty, And May Explain Increase In Obesity,” IFLScience, Sep. 08, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Older Adults: Federal Strategy Needed to Help Ensure Efficient and Effective Delivery of Home and Community-Based Services and Supports,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-15-190, May 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. F. De La Cruz, “A program evaluation of a literacy initiative for students with moderate to severe disabilities,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices Chilly To Bid to Alter Death Penalty,” New York Times, p. A1, Jan. 08, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Pervasive Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Pervasive Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1268
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications

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