How to format your references using the IEEE Pervasive Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Pervasive Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam, “Fatal rocket accident puts question mark over Soyuz’s safety,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6909, p. 766, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. M. Lister and A. V. Sher, “Evolution and dispersal of mammoths across the Northern Hemisphere,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6262, pp. 805–809, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Imai, M. Suzuki, and H. Sakano, “Odorant receptor-derived cAMP signals direct axonal targeting,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5799, pp. 657–661, Oct. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Tan, Y. Sun, H. Chen, and S.-Q. Shen, “Photonic simulation of topological excitations in metamaterials,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 3842, Jan. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. M. Tavakoli, Structured Finance and Collateralized Debt Obligations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
E. Frazzoli, T. Lozano-Perez, N. Roy, and D. Rus, Eds., Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics, vol. 86. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Alonso, R. Paredes, and P. Rosso, “Empirical Evaluation of Different Feature Representations for Social Circles Detection,” in Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: 7th Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2015, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 17-19, 2015, Proceedings, R. Paredes, J. S. Cardoso, and X. M. Pardo, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 31–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Pervasive Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Scientists Grow First Contracting Human Muscle Tissue In Lab,” IFLScience, Jan. 15, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Educational Laboratory and Research and Development Center Programs Need To Be Strengthened,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-164031(1), Nov. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. K. Trump, “Self -brand overlap and dissociation,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, “Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman,” New York Times, p. MM24, Jun. 09, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Pervasive Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Pervasive Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1268
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications

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