How to format your references using the IEEE Pervasive Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Pervasive Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Ory, “Scientists and societies. Two-body problem,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6993, p. 788, Jun. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Mesterton-Gibbons and E. S. Adams, “Behavioral ecology. The economics of animal cooperation,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5601, pp. 2146–2147, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Pertea, S. L. Salzberg, and M. J. Gardner, “Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6773, pp. 34; discussion 34-5, Mar. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. C. Pagnussat, M. Alandete-Saez, J. L. Bowman, and V. Sundaresan, “Auxin-dependent patterning and gamete specification in the Arabidopsis female gametophyte,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5935, pp. 1684–1689, Jun. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Quéguiner, The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
V. Prain et al., Eds., Personalising Learning in Open-Plan Schools. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Parikh, “Knowledge, Games and Tales from the East,” in Logic and Its Applications: Third Indian Conference, ICLA 2009, Chennai, India, January 7-11, 2009. Proceedings, R. Ramanujam and S. Sarukkai, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Pervasive Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Dolphin Attempts To Revive Its Dead Calf,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “National Airspace System: FAA’s Approach to Its New Communications System Appears Prudent, but Challenges Remain,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-02-710, Jul. 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Alla, “Wellbore Stability Analysis of Sanish Field using 3-D Finite Element Model: Bakken Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, “‘Dear Evan Hansen’ and ‘Oslo’ Top Tonys,” New York Times, p. C1, Jun. 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Pervasive Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Pervasive Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1268
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications

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