How to format your references using the Collegian citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Collegian. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, R. (2015). Science by any means necessary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6222), 686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grey, K., & Calver, C. R. (2007). Ediacaran oxidation and biotic evolution. Nature, 450(7170), E17; discussion E18.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janjić, V., Sharan, R., & Pržulj, N. (2014). Modelling the yeast interactome. Scientific Reports, 4, 4273.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R. A., Mittermeier, C. G., da Fonseca, G. A., & Kent, J. (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403(6772), 853–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston, M. (2012). Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Poler, R., Sinderen, M. van, & Sanchis, R. (Eds.). (2009). Enterprise Interoperability: Second IFIP WG 5.8 International Workshop, IWEI 2009, Valencia, Spain, October 13-14, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 38). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajamani, S. K. (2009). Verification, Testing and Statistics. In A. Cavalcanti & D. R. Dams (Eds.), FM 2009: Formal Methods: Second World Congress, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 2-6, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 33–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Collegian.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 22). Pesky Beetle Destroys Coffee Crops Thanks to Caffeine-Detoxing Gut Microbes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Social Security: Telephone Access Enhanced at Field Offices Under Demonstration Project (HEHS-96-70). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moeller, R. A. (2008). “No thanks, those are boy books”: A feminist cultural analysis of graphic novels as curricular materials [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2007, July 6). After Celebrating Winning Bid, Russia Has Work Ahead. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bernstein, 2015; Grey & Calver, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grey & Calver, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Janjić et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Myers et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCollegian
ISSN (print)1322-7696
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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