How to format your references using the Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schimmel P. Alexander Rich (1924-2015). Nature. 2015; 521: 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vollmer D, Butt H-J. Materials science: Droplets leap into action. Nature. 2015; 527: 41–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cerda E, Ravi-Chandar K, Mahadevan L. Thin films. Wrinkling of an elastic sheet under tension. Nature. 2002; 419: 579–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yeo M, Lee S-K, Lee B, Ruiz EC, Pfaff SL, Gill GN. Small CTD phosphatases function in silencing neuronal gene expression. Science. 2005; 307: 596–600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Connors LA, Alvarez C. How Markets Really Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Lovrek I, Howlett RJ, Jain LC (eds.). Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 12th International Conference, KES 2008, Zagreb, Croatia, September 3-5, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Al-Tubaikh JA. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage. In: Al-Tubaikh JA (ed.). Internal Medicine: An Illustrated Radiological Guide. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 39–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. This Is Why Revenge Feels So Good, According To Science. IFLScience. 2017; [Cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from https://www.iflscience.com/brain/revenge-feels-good-according-science/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: Education’s Experiences with Flexibility Waivers Could Inform Efforts to Assist States with New Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McFarland-Mancini M. Prolactin Production by Human Breast Adipose Tissue and Adipocytes. 2006;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Moy J. A Bridge That Spans Cultures. New York Times. 2017; : A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
AbbreviationPsychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1323-1316
ISSN (online)1440-1819
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Neuroscience
Neurology

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