How to format your references using the Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tracey KJ. The inflammatory reflex. Nature. 2002; 420: 853–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chae HG, Kumar S. Materials science. Making strong fibers. Science. 2008; 319: 908–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Aspinwall LG, Brown TR, Tabery J. The double-edged sword: does biomechanism increase or decrease judges’ sentencing of psychopaths? Science. 2012; 337: 846–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Keck JM, Jones MH, Wong CCL, Binkley J, Chen D, Jaspersen SL, et al. A cell cycle phosphoproteome of the yeast centrosome. Science. 2011; 332: 1557–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hadjsaïd N, Sabonnadière J-C. Power Systems and Restructuring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Hagener M, Hediger V, Strohmaier A (eds.). The State of Post-Cinema: Tracing the Moving Image in the Age of Digital Dissemination. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Khong TY. The Placenta and Umbilical Cord. In: Khong TY, Malcomson RDG (eds.). Keeling’s Fetal and Neonatal Pathology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 85–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Seven Sperm Whales Mysteriously Found Dead On Australian Beach. IFLScience. 2014; [Cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/seven-sperm-whales-found-dead-australian-beach/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of the Circumstances Surrounding a Grant Awarded by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Penix-Tadsen P. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Once a Fill-In Keeper, Now a Winning Scorer. New York Times. 2011; : D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
AbbreviationPsychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1323-1316
ISSN (online)1440-1819
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Neuroscience
Neurology

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