How to format your references using the Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Golombek MP. Planetary science. The surface of Mars: not just dust and rocks. Science. 2003; 300: 2043–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ketov SV, Louzguine-Luzgin DV. Localized shear deformation and softening of bulk metallic glass: stress or temperature driven? Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 2798.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Penner JE, Rotstayn LD, Crowley TJ. Indirect aerosol forcing. Science. 2000; 290: 407a.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Nakajima K, Sena G, Nawy T, Benfey PN. Intercellular movement of the putative transcription factor SHR in root patterning. Nature. 2001; 413: 307–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Diamond D. Trading as a Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Zeghloul S, Laribi MA, Gazeau J-P (eds.). Robotics and Mechatronics: Proceedings of the 4th IFToMM International Symposium on Robotics and Mechatronics. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Monaghan KG, Van Dyke DL. Laboratory Testing for Prader-Willi Syndrome. In: Butler MG, Lee PDK, Whitman BY (eds.). Management of Prader-Willi Syndrome. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. p. 74–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. New Species Of Mammal Discovered in Africa. IFLScience. 2014; [Cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-mammal-discovered-africa/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Status of FAA’s Actions to Oversee the Safety of Composite Airplanes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stefanek A. Quantitative Purchasing Structure for Ferrous Scrap. 2019;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hollander S. Johns Hopkins Goalie Sticks to Daring Style. New York Times. 2000; : D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
AbbreviationPsychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1323-1316
ISSN (online)1440-1819
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
General Neuroscience
Neurology

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