How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markovic, N. (2015). SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. Randomness rules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6260), 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mederos, A., & Lamberg-Karlovsky, C. C. (2001). Converting currencies in the Old World. Nature, 411(6836), 437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Isabel, G., Pascual, A., & Preat, T. (2004). Exclusive consolidated memory phases in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Marra, G., Clivati, C., Luckett, R., Tampellini, A., Kronjäger, J., Wright, L., … Calonico, D. (2018). Ultrastable laser interferometry for earthquake detection with terrestrial and submarine cables. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6401), 486–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaul, S., Ali, F., Janakiram, S., & Wattenström, B. (2008). Business Models for Sustainable Telecoms Growth in Developing Economies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
De Haes, S. (2015). Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Alignment and Value, Featuring COBIT 5. (W. Van Grembergen, Ed.) (2nd ed. 2015). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cunningham, A. M., Rush, P. S., & Matkowskyj, K. A. (2016). Pathologic Features of Primary Pancreatic Malignancies. In D. Bentrem & A. B. Benson (Eds.), Gastrointestinal Malignancies (pp. 77–100). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 6). NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Becomes First To Orbit A Dwarf Planet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning (No. IMTEC-91-41FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, A. P. (2012). Reentry of Substance Abusing Female Ex-Offenders from Prison to an Urban Community (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, October 3). The Rally Before the Rally. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markovic, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Markovic, 2015; Mederos & Lamberg-Karlovsky, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mederos & Lamberg-Karlovsky, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Isabel, Pascual, & Preat, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Marra et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychology
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)0264-3294
ISSN (online)1464-0627
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cognitive Neuroscience
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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