How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonvillian, W. B. (2013). Technology. Advanced manufacturing policies and paradigms for innovation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1173–1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hotchkiss, R. S., & Sherwood, E. R. (2015). Immunology. Getting sepsis therapy right. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6227), 1201–1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yumoto, N., Kim, N., & Burden, S. J. (2012). Lrp4 is a retrograde signal for presynaptic differentiation at neuromuscular synapses. Nature, 489(7416), 438–442.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Z., Liu, Y., Wang, L., Zhang, Y., & Wang, Z. (2014). Freezing period strongly impacts the emergence of a global consensus in the voter model. Scientific Reports, 4, 3597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B., & Lehmann, H. D. (2015). Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zgurovsky, M. Z. (2011). Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing I: Operator Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing (V. S. Mel’nik & P. O. Kasyanov, Eds.; Vol. 24). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hentschel, C., Sack, H., & Steinmetz, N. (2014). Cross-Dataset Learning of Visual Concepts. In A. Nürnberger, S. Stober, B. Larsen, & M. Detyniecki (Eds.), Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 87–101). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 3). This Will Revolutionize Education. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Its Usefulness (HRD-91-61). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manley Lima, M. C. (2014). Commuter Students’ Social Integration: The Relationship Between Involvement in Extracurricular Activities and Sense of Belonging [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, October 18). Roll Over, Beyoncé: Chuck Berry’s Surprise. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonvillian, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bonvillian, 2013; Hotchkiss & Sherwood, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hotchkiss & Sherwood, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Yumoto et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychology
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)0264-3294
ISSN (online)1464-0627
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cognitive Neuroscience
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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