How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ibba, M. (2001). Protein synthesis. Discriminating right from wrong. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 70–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benilova, I., & De Strooper, B. (2013). Neuroscience. Promiscuous Alzheimer’s amyloid: yet another partner. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1354–1355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khan, P., Jain, H., & Adarsh, K. V. (2014). Role of Ge:As ratio in controlling the light-induced response of a-Ge(x)As(35-x)Se65 thin films. Scientific Reports, 4, 4029.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yue, Q., Xiong, S., Cai, D., Wu, Z., & Zhang, X. (2014). Facile and quantitative electrochemical detection of yeast cell apoptosis. Scientific Reports, 4, 4373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Studer, Q. (2007). Results that Last. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Milewski, J. (2011). Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling (K. Świrski, M. Santarelli, & P. Leone, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grassom, B. (2016). Dream and Semblance: The Play of Art and Life. In A.-T. Tymieniecka & P. Trutty-Coohill (Eds.), The Cosmos and the Creative Imagination (pp. 59–71). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, May 5). What Lives At The Bottom Of The Mariana Trench? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-96-29(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, L. (2010). A cross-cultural examination of the needs and behaviors of female caregivers of cancer patients at the end of life: A theoretical elaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, January 24). Where Warhol and Chagall Adorn the Walls. New York Times, WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ibba, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Benilova & De Strooper, 2013; Ibba, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benilova & De Strooper, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Khan et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yue et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychology
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)0264-3294
ISSN (online)1464-0627
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cognitive Neuroscience
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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