How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shalala, D. E. (2011). Retrospective. Bernadine Healy (1944-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6051), 1836.
A journal article with 2 authors
McNiven, M. A., & Thompson, H. M. (2006). Vesicle formation at the plasma membrane and trans-Golgi network: the same but different. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5793), 1591–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gratson, G. M., Xu, M., & Lewis, J. A. (2004). Microperiodic structures: direct writing of three-dimensional webs. Nature, 428(6981), 386.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Metzger, E., Wissmann, M., Yin, N., Müller, J. M., Schneider, R., Peters, A. H. F. M., Günther, T., Buettner, R., & Schüle, R. (2005). LSD1 demethylates repressive histone marks to promote androgen-receptor-dependent transcription. Nature, 437(7057), 436–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Y. (2012). Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mazzaferri, E. L., Harmer, C., Mallick, U. K., & Kendall-Taylor, P. (Eds.). (2006). Practical Management of Thyroid Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ayres, M. P., Hicke, J. A., Kerns, B. K., McKenzie, D., Littell, J. S., Band, L. E., Luce, C. H., Weed, A. S., & Raymond, C. L. (2014). Disturbance Regimes and Stressors. In D. L. Peterson, J. M. Vose, & T. Patel-Weynand (Eds.), Climate Change and United States Forests (pp. 55–92). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 16). Cancer Drug Shows Promise In Treating Spinal Cord Injuries. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Quality Assurance: The Fastener Quality Act’s Small-Lot Exemption (GAO-01-719). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancaster, G. (2014). Understanding interdisciplinary communication and collaboration among physicians, nurses, and unlicensed assistive personnel [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, S. (2015, March 12). High Spirits on the Intracoastal. New York Times, TR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shalala, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McNiven & Thompson, 2006; Shalala, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McNiven & Thompson, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Gratson et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Metzger et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuropsychology
AbbreviationCogn. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)0264-3294
ISSN (online)1464-0627
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cognitive Neuroscience
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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