How to format your references using the Cognitive Neurodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neurodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guarente L (2006) Sirtuins as potential targets for metabolic syndrome. Nature 444:868–874
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron JL, Bynum WF (2000) Millennial highlights...from Gerbert d’Aurillac to Watson and Crick. Nature 403:13–16
A journal article with 3 authors
Smothers JF, Henikoff S, Carter P (2002) Tech.Sight. Phage display. Affinity selection from biological libraries. Science 298:621–622
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pan SH, Hudson EW, Lang KM, et al (2000) Imaging the effects of individual zinc impurity atoms on superconductivity in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature 403:746–750

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson J, Hyde T, Ahmad S (2008) Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
An edited book
Amaris H (2013) Reactive Power Management of Power Networks with Wind Generation. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Uzé G, Schreiber G, Piehler J, Pellegrini S (2007) The Receptor of the Type I Interferon Family. In: Pitha PM (ed) Interferon: The 50th Anniversary. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neurodynamics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Science Says You Should Really Stop Sticking Things Into Your Ears. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/science-stop-sticking-things-into-ears/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson BN (2013) Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) Singing ‘Happy 450th Birthday’ to Monteverdi. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guarente 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron and Bynum 2000; Guarente 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heilbron and Bynum 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neurodynamics
AbbreviationCogn. Neurodyn.
ISSN (print)1871-4080
ISSN (online)1871-4099
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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