How to format your references using the Cognitive Neurodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neurodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor P (2010) Questioning economic growth. Nature 468:370–371
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimbelman JR, Scheidt SP (2012) Hesperian age for western Medusae Fossae Formation, Mars. Science 336:1683
A journal article with 3 authors
Roopnarine PD, Angielczyk KD, Hertog R (2006) Comment on “Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates.” Science 314:925; author reply 925
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ng J, Nardine T, Harms M, et al (2002) Rac GTPases control axon growth, guidance and branching. Nature 416:442–447

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly VA (2015) ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, USA
An edited book
Luna A (2012) Diffusion MRI Outside the Brain: A Case-Based Review and Clinical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Stafford S (2015) ‘Pester Them with Letters’: Using Darwin’s Correspondence in the Classroom. In: Boulter CJ, Reiss MJ, Sanders DL (eds) Darwin-Inspired Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 35–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neurodynamics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Scientists Control Light Wakes For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Regulatory Programs: Opportunities to Enhance Oversight of the Real Estate Appraisal Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cosma AC (2019) Real-Time Individual Thermal Preferences Prediction Using Visual Sensors. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2012) Tighter Rules Are Issued On Municipal Bond Deals. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Victor 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Victor 2010; Zimbelman and Scheidt 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimbelman and Scheidt 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ng et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neurodynamics
AbbreviationCogn. Neurodyn.
ISSN (print)1871-4080
ISSN (online)1871-4099
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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