How to format your references using the Cognitive Neurodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neurodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gauntlett J (2000) Physics. Brane new worlds. Nature 404:28–29
A journal article with 2 authors
Aβmann M, Bayer M (2013) Compressive adaptive computational ghost imaging. Sci Rep 3:1545
A journal article with 3 authors
Sommer MOA, Dantas G, Church GM (2009) Functional characterization of the antibiotic resistance reservoir in the human microflora. Science 325:1128–1131
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pascal JM, O’Brien PJ, Tomkinson AE, Ellenberger T (2004) Human DNA ligase I completely encircles and partially unwinds nicked DNA. Nature 432:473–478

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin P, Hand DJ (2014) The Wellbeing of Nations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hesthaven JS (2016) Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Klumpp J, Loessner MJ (2014) Detection of Bacteria with Bioluminescent Reporter Bacteriophage. In: Thouand G, Marks R (eds) Bioluminescence: Fundamentals and Applications in Biotechnology - Volume 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 155–171

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neurodynamics.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Can Handshake Strength Really Predict Your Mortality Risk? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Early Childhood Programs: Promoting the Development of Young Children in Denmark, France, and Italy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia R (2010) The California State University education doctorate: Public policy for the public good. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2016) The Illustrated Stories of Teenagers, Told With Humor and a Light Heart. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gauntlett 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gauntlett 2000; Aβmann and Bayer 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aβmann and Bayer 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pascal et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neurodynamics
AbbreviationCogn. Neurodyn.
ISSN (print)1871-4080
ISSN (online)1871-4099
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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