How to format your references using the Cognitive Neurodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neurodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christensen PR (2003) Formation of recent martian gullies through melting of extensive water-rich snow deposits. Nature 422:45–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Iwamoto H, Yagi N (2013) The molecular trigger for high-speed wing beats in a bee. Science 341:1243–1246
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambarey A, Prashanthi K, Chandra N (2013) Mining large-scale response networks reveals “topmost activities” in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Sci Rep 3:2302
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Roche S, Bressanelli S, Rey FA, Gaudin Y (2006) Crystal structure of the low-pH form of the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G. Science 313:187–191

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu QK (2005) Power Distribution Network Design For VLSI. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Beckford CL, Rhiney K (eds) (2016) Globalization, Agriculture and Food in the Caribbean: Climate Change, Gender and Geography. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Nath V, Levinson SE (2014) Robot Kinematics. In: Levinson SE (ed) Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 25–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neurodynamics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Gut Microbes Control Parkinson’s Disease In Mice. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gut-microbes-control-parkinsons-disease-in-mice/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) NASA’s FIA Program: NASA’s Progress in Implementing Financial Integrity Act Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkland M (2015) Strain analysis of a detachment shear zone. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) New Plan Approved for Kings Park Property. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christensen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen 2003; Iwamoto and Yagi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iwamoto and Yagi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Roche et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neurodynamics
AbbreviationCogn. Neurodyn.
ISSN (print)1871-4080
ISSN (online)1871-4099
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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