How to format your references using the Journal of High Energy Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Energy Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkel J M 2015 Eight ways to clean a digital library Nature 527 123–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Fekete D M and Noden D M 2013 Developmental biology. A transition in the middle ear Science 339 1396–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Vander Heiden M G, Cantley L C and Thompson C B 2009 Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation Science 324 1029–33
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Floyd J S, Tolstoy M, Mutter J C and Scholz C H 2002 Seismotectonics of mid-ocean ridge propagation in Hess Deep Science 298 1765–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birinyi L 2013 The Master Trader (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Meng L, Reichenbacher T and Zipf A 2005 Map-based Mobile Services: Theories, Methods and Implementations (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Olbers D, Willebrand J and Eden C 2012 Geostrophic and Quasi-Geostrophic Motions Ocean Dynamics ed J Willebrand and C Eden (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 137–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Energy Physics.

Blog post
Davis J 2015 Turning Street Lights Off At Night Had No Effect On The Number Of Road Accidents Or Crime Rate IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Aviation Noise: A National Policy is Needed (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Senaga K A 2016 Tasteless, cheap, and southern? The rise and decline of the farm-raised catfish industry Doctoral dissertation (Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B 2016 What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps New York Times AR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Energy Physics
ISSN (online)1029-8479

Other styles