How to format your references using the Journal of High Energy Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Energy Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zewail A H 2010 Four-dimensional electron microscopy Science 328 187–93
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz M A and Chen C S 2013 Cell biology. Deconstructing dimensionality Science 339 402–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu Z, Gauthier D J and Boyd R W 2007 Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering Science 318 1748–50
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Miura H, Satoh M, Nasuno T, Noda A T and Oouchi K 2007 A Madden-Julian oscillation event realistically simulated by a global cloud-resolving model Science 318 1763–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kromidas S 2014 Der HPLC-Experte (D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH)
An edited book
Sommer R, Balzarotti D and Maier G 2011 Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 14th International Symposium, RAID 2011, Menlo Park, CA, USA, September 20-21, 2011. Proceedings vol 6961 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Zehnder A T and Zella N 2015 Fracture Surface Transition for Notched Bars in Torsion Fracture, Fatigue, Failure, and Damage Evolution, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series ed J Carroll and S Daly (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 35–9

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Energy Physics.

Blog post
Andrew D 2015 Will Samsung Reveal The First Foldable Smartphone In 2016? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007 Motor Carrier Safety: A Statistical Approach Will Better Identify Commercial Carriers That Pose High Crash Risks Than Does the Current Federal Approach (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boothe C S 2012 The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws Doctoral dissertation (Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy M J O 2016 101 Years Ago: ‘The Birth of a Nation’ Had its First Screenings New York Times C29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Energy Physics
ISSN (online)1029-8479

Other styles