How to format your references using the Journal of High Energy Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Energy Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shalaev V M 2008 Physics. Transforming light Science 322 384–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin M and Scott J 2011 Carbon trading needs a multi-level approach Nature 475 445–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Tersoff J, Jesson D E and Tang W X 2009 Running droplets of gallium from evaporation of gallium arsenide Science 324 236–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ameur A, Meiring T L, Bunikis I, Häggqvist S, Lindau C, Lindberg J H, Gustavsson I, Mbulawa Z Z A, Williamson A-L and Gyllensten U 2014 Comprehensive profiling of the vaginal microbiome in HIV positive women using massive parallel semiconductor sequencing Sci. Rep. 4 4398

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
“MAX” Maxfield C and Brown A 2005 The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Wettestad J 2016 Rescuing EU Emissions Trading: The Climate Policy Flagship ed T Jevnaker (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK)
A chapter in an edited book
Livesey R 2016 Remembering Radicalism on the Midlands Turnpike: George Eliot, Felix Holt, and William Cobbett Nineteenth-Century Radical Traditions ed J Bristow and J McDonagh (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 85–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Energy Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Asthma Rates Falling But Eczema And Hay Fever Stand Still. What Does This Tell Us About Allergies? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982 Success of the Programed School Input Program Justifies Expansion (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chiang I-C 2010 A historical technique from a modern perspective: The transcription scordatura in Mozart’s Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E-flat major, K. 364 Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B 2017 The Jazz Age Relived New York Times F8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Energy Physics
ISSN (online)1029-8479

Other styles