How to format your references using the Journal of High Energy Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Energy Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warren W S 2001 Nuclear magnetic resonance. Multidimensional symmetry in a three-dimensional world Science 294 1475–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Brumfiel G and Knight J 2003 Climate of conflict: in the shadow of war Nature 426 748–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Gertz J, Siggia E D and Cohen B A 2009 Analysis of combinatorial cis-regulation in synthetic and genomic promoters Nature 457 215–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Duan X, Niu C, Sahi V, Chen J, Parce J W, Empedocles S and Goldman J L 2003 High-performance thin-film transistors using semiconductor nanowires and nanoribbons Nature 425 274–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich E and Fanelli D 2012 The Financial Services Marketing Handbook (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Gliozzo A 2009 Semantic Domains in Computational Linguistics ed C Strapparava (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal R, O’Regan D and Saker S 2014 Lyapunov Inequalities Dynamic Inequalities On Time Scales ed D O’Regan and S Saker (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 175–214

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Energy Physics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2015 Don’t Miss The “Blood Moon” Eclipse Later This Month IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FBI Needs to Complete Business Continuity Plans (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nuno Z S 2012 Visible and mid-infrared optical studies of plasmon and phonon resonant nanoparticles using apertureless near-field scanning optical microscopy Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rutenberg J 2015 How Do You Solve a Problem Like Ben Carson? New York Times MM44

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Energy Physics
ISSN (online)1029-8479

Other styles