How to format your references using the Journal of High Energy Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Energy Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D 2000 France plans marine research port at Brest Nature 405 498
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawaguchi S and Ng D T W 2011 Cell biology. Sensing ER stress Science 333 1830–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Shuman E S, Barry J F and Demille D 2010 Laser cooling of a diatomic molecule Nature 467 820–3
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Calvert P D, Govardovskii V I, Krasnoperova N, Anderson R E, Lem J and Makino C L 2001 Membrane protein diffusion sets the speed of rod phototransduction Nature 411 90–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birinyi L 2013 The Master Trader (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Carbone G 2013 Grasping in Robotics vol 10 (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Anderson D G 2016 Pedicle-Lengthening Osteotomy for the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Spinal Canal Stenosis ed L Manfrè (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 75–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Energy Physics.

Blog post
Taub B 2016 Please Stop Electrocuting Your Brains At Home, Say Neuroscientists IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1991 Mass Transit Grants: Improved Management Could Reduce Misuse of Funds in UMTA’s Region IX (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steiner C P 2015 Three essays in applied microeconomics Doctoral dissertation (La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L 2005 At Museum Shops, Unusual Selections New York Times 14LI12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Energy Physics
ISSN (online)1029-8479

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