How to format your references using the Journal of High Energy Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of High Energy Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bradforth S 2011 Chemistry. Tracking state-to-state bimolecular reaction dynamics in solution Science 331 1398–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Bird J P and Ochiai Y 2004 Physics. Electron spin polarization in nanoscale constrictions Science 303 1621–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Álvarez G A, Suter D and Kaiser R 2015 QUANTUM SIMULATION. Localization-delocalization transition in the dynamics of dipolar-coupled nuclear spins Science 349 846–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bennie J, Davies T W, Duffy J P, Inger R and Gaston K J 2014 Contrasting trends in light pollution across Europe based on satellite observed night time lights Sci. Rep. 4 3789

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris M 2015 Inside the Crystal Ball (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Alexandrino M M 2015 Lie Groups and Geometric Aspects of Isometric Actions ed R G Bettiol (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Nielsen S P 2007 The Professional Situation and Training of Vocational Teachers in Denmark International Perspectives on Teachers and Lecturers in Technical and Vocational Education UNESCO-UNEVOC Book Series Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects ed P Grollmann and F Rauner (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 77–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of High Energy Physics.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Bluebirds Shout Their Songs When it Gets Noisy IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckenridge C 2017 Measuring Object and Attribute Salience in 2014 Illinois Gubernatorial Endorsements Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski S F and Flegenheimer M 2014 Christie Allies Joked of Disrupting Traffic at a Rabbi’s House New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of High Energy Physics
ISSN (online)1029-8479

Other styles