How to format your references using the Cognitive and Behavioral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). In Franklin’s footsteps. Nature, 422(6932), 643.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta, E., & Kaitala, V. (2006). Comment on “Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 420; author reply 420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weiner, S., Sagi, I., & Addadi, L. (2005). Structural biology. Choosing the crystallization path less traveled. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5737), 1027–1028.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tan, X., Calderon-Villalobos, L. I. A., Sharon, M., Zheng, C., Robinson, C. V., Estelle, M., & Zheng, N. (2007). Mechanism of auxin perception by the TIR1 ubiquitin ligase. Nature, 446(7136), 640–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, A. E. (2011). Immunology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Salvendy, G., & Smith, M. J. (Eds.). (2011). Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information: Symposium on Human Interface 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 6772). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kopecky, M., Vomlelova, M., & Vojtas, P. (2016). Basis Functions as Pivots in Space of Users Preferences. In M. Ivanović, B. Thalheim, B. Catania, K.-D. Schewe, M. Kirikova, P. Šaloun, A. Dahanayake, T. Cerquitelli, E. Baralis, & P. Michiardi (Eds.), New Trends in Databases and Information Systems: ADBIS 2016 Short Papers and Workshops, BigDap, DCSA, DC, Prague, Czech Republic, August 28-31, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 45–53). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 25). Bluebirds Shout Their Songs When it Gets Noisy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Global Warming: Limitations of General Circulation Models and Costs of Modeling Efforts (RCED-95-164). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nesbit, P. R. (2014). Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles and Structure from Motion: A fresh approach to photogrammetry [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007, April 29). Cellphone Aside, Step Up for Soup. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ranta & Kaitala, 2006; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranta & Kaitala, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Weiner et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tan et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive and Behavioral Practice
AbbreviationCogn. Behav. Pract.
ISSN (print)1077-7229
ScopeClinical Psychology

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