How to format your references using the Cognitive and Behavioral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonvillian, W. B. (2013). Technology. Advanced manufacturing policies and paradigms for innovation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1173–1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Savill, J., & Fadok, V. (2000). Corpse clearance defines the meaning of cell death. Nature, 407(6805), 784–788.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X., Roberti, R., & Blobel, G. (2015). Structure of an integral membrane sterol reductase from Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum. Nature, 517(7532), 104–107.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pine, D. J., Gollub, J. P., Brady, J. F., & Leshansky, A. M. (2005). Chaos and threshold for irreversibility in sheared suspensions. Nature, 438(7070), 997–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen, P. S., Debnath, M., & Prasad, G. B. K. S. (2012). Microbes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hefley, B., & Murphy, W. (Eds.). (2008). Service Science, Management and Engineering Education for the 21st Century. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Anđić, A., Chae, J., Park, H., Yang, H., Ahn, K., Cao, W., & Park, Y. D. (2015). Connection Between Chromospheric Events and Photospheric Dynamics. In J. Chae (Ed.), Initial Results from the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS) (pp. 55–71). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 27). Researchers Fix A 3-Billion-Year-Old Genetic Error. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-96-30(4)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holbert, M. (2010). Knowledge is power (KIP): Kinship caregiver support group program curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, July 30). The Teacher Learns She’s a Student, Too. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonvillian, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bonvillian, 2013; Savill & Fadok, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Savill & Fadok, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pine et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive and Behavioral Practice
AbbreviationCogn. Behav. Pract.
ISSN (print)1077-7229
ScopeClinical Psychology

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