How to format your references using the Cognitive and Behavioral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneier, B. (2012). Securing medical research: a cybersecurity point of view. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1527–1529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, C., & Crick, F. (2001). The zombie within. Nature, 411(6840), 893.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarty, K. F., Nobel, J. A., & Bartelt, N. C. (2001). Vacancies in solids and the stability of surface morphology. Nature, 412(6847), 622–625.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sibert, J., Hampton, J., Kleiber, P., & Maunder, M. (2006). Biomass, size, and trophic status of top predators in the Pacific Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5806), 1773–1776.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Batten, L. M. (2013). Public Key Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Park, J. J. (jong H., Adeli, H., Park, N., & Woungang, I. (Eds.). (2014). Mobile, Ubiquitous, and Intelligent Computing: MUSIC 2013 (Vol. 274). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Juth, N., & Munthe, C. (2012). Screening – How? In C. Munthe (Ed.), The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine: Serving Society or Serving the Patient? (pp. 81–98). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 30). Hubble Snaps Stunning New Views Of Jupiter’s Auroras. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Civilian Agencies’ Management and Use of Aircraft (T-GGD-88-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reddy, G. S. (2017). Modulo Multipliers with Adaptive Delay for a High Dynamic Range Residue Number System Using Booth Encoding [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Prochnik, G. (2017, January 6). He Remade Kings. New York Times, BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneier, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Koch & Crick, 2001; Schneier, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch & Crick, 2001)
  • Three authors: (McCarty et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sibert et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive and Behavioral Practice
AbbreviationCogn. Behav. Pract.
ISSN (print)1077-7229
ScopeClinical Psychology

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