How to format your references using the Cognitive and Behavioral Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilgemann, D. W. (2004). Biochemistry. Oily barbarians breach ion channel gates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 223–224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müser, M. H., & Shakhvorostov, D. (2010). Applied physics. Why thick can be slick. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5974), 52–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abel, T., Bryan, G. L., & Norman, M. L. (2002). The formation of the first star in the Universe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 93–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michaelis, J., Hettich, C., Mlynek, J., & Sandoghdar, V., V. (2000). Optical microscopy using a single-molecule light source. Nature, 405(6784), 325–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowlinson, M. (2010). A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Hedberg, C., & do Carmo, R. M. (Eds.). (2012). Translocal Ruralism: Mobility and Connectivity in European Rural Spaces (Vol. 103). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Eaton, G. R., Eaton, S. S., Barr, D. P., & Weber, R. T. (2010). A More in Depth Look at the EPR Signal Response. In S. S. Eaton, D. P. Barr, & R. T. Weber (Eds.), Quantitative EPR: A Practitioners Guide (pp. 37–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 18). These Are The World’s Most Empathetic Countries. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Oversight of Key Programs, but Additional Actions Are Needed (GAO-15-678T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, W. C. (2017). An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, April 29). Nassau County Buys Farm Development Rights. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilgemann, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hilgemann, 2004; Müser & Shakhvorostov, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müser & Shakhvorostov, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Abel et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michaelis et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive and Behavioral Practice
AbbreviationCogn. Behav. Pract.
ISSN (print)1077-7229
ScopeClinical Psychology

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