How to format your references using the American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fox A. Computer science. Cloud computing--what’s in it for me as a scientist? Science. 2011;331(6016):406-407.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
van’t Veer LJ, Bernards R. Enabling personalized cancer medicine through analysis of gene-expression patterns. Nature. 2008;452(7187):564-570.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Manoharan HC, Lutz CP, Eigler DM. Quantum mirages formed by coherent projection of electronic structure. Nature. 2000;403(6769):512-515.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Natesh R, Schwager SLU, Sturrock ED, Acharya KR. Crystal structure of the human angiotensin-converting enzyme-lisinopril complex. Nature. 2003;421(6922):551-554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bernatz RA. Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Itenberg I, Jöricke B, Passare M, eds. Perspectives in Analysis, Geometry, and Topology: On the Occasion of the 60th Birthday of Oleg Viro. Vol 296. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gavrilovska L, Denkovski D, Rakovic V, Angjelicinoski M. Medium Access Control Protocols in Cognitive Radio Networks. In: Di Benedetto M-G, Cattoni AF, Fiorina J, Bader F, De Nardis L, eds. Cognitive Radio and Networking for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks: Recent Advances and Visions for the Future. Signals and Communication Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:109-149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Holograms Heading to the International Space Station. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Statewide Transportation Planning: Surveys of State Departments of Transportation and Regional Planning and Development Organizations (GAO-11-78SP, December 2010), an E-Supplement to GAO-11-77. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Allard L. Exposure to Low-Level Ionizing Radiation and Risk of Leukemia and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in Participants of the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Alderman L. Romanian’s Tale Has Art World Fearing Worst. New York Times. July 19, 2013:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
AbbreviationAm. J. Ophthalmol. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2451-9936
ScopeOphthalmology

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