How to format your references using the Crystallography Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crystallography Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Martienssen R. Molecular biology. Small RNA makes its move. Science. 2010;328:834–835.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Forte AM, Mitrovica JX. Deep-mantle high-viscosity flow and thermochemical structure inferred from seismic and geodynamic data. Nature. 2001;410:1049–1056.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kumada N, Muraki K, Hirayama Y. Low-frequency spin dynamics in a canted antiferromagnet. Science. 2006;313:329–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Zhisheng A, Kutzbach JE, Prell WL, et al. Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya-Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times. Nature. 2001;411:62–66.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Knight HJ. Patent Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Riaño D, editor. Knowledge Management for Health Care Procedures: ECAI 2008 Workshop, K4HelP 2008, Patras, Greece, July 21, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Qadir MMF, Bhatti A, John P. The Adverse Impact of Modern Biotechnology on the Environment. In: Abubakar M, Saeed A, Kul O, editors. The Role of Biotechnology in Improvement of Livestock: Animal Health and Biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crystallography Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. This Water-Powered CubeSat Might Be Sent To The Moon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/this-waterpowered-cubesat-might-be-sent-to-the-moon/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008. Report No.: GAO-08-789. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Maloney JL. Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Like the Schemes of Mice and Men, A Portrait of Burns Goes Astray. New York Times. 2001 Apr 29;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCrystallography Reviews
AbbreviationCrystallogr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0889-311X
ISSN (online)1476-3508
ScopeBiochemistry
Structural Biology
General Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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