How to format your references using the Crystallography Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crystallography Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody H. Haemophilia. Nature. 2014;515:S157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivenbark AG, Strahl BD. Molecular biology. Unlocking cell fate. Science. 2007;318:403–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goossen LJ, Deng G, Levy LM. Synthesis of biaryls via catalytic decarboxylative coupling. Science. 2006;313:662–664.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raines KS, Salha S, Sandberg RL, et al. Three-dimensional structure determination from a single view. Nature. 2010;463:214–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMaio MS, Fox JE, Mahoney MJ. Prenatal Diagnosis: Cases & Clinical Challenges. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Esposito A, Faundez-Zanuy M, Esposito AM, et al., editors. Recent Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou J-N, Rong-Jun Ni. Sagittal Sections of the Tree Shrew Brain. In: Rong-Jun N, editor. The Tree Shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 499–571.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crystallography Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Chromosome Errors Cause Many Pregnancies To End Before They Are Even Detected [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The F-14/PHOENIX Aircraft Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973. Report No.: 093802. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson L. A cross-cultural examination of the needs and behaviors of female caregivers of cancer patients at the end of life: A theoretical elaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Order at the Court. New York Times. 2007 Sep 16;14NJ19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCrystallography Reviews
AbbreviationCrystallogr. Rev.
ISSN (print)0889-311X
ISSN (online)1476-3508
Structural Biology
General Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles