How to format your references using the International Tax and Public Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Tax and Public Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, M. S. (2012). Change the approach to sustainable development. Nature, 483(7390), 375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang, M. R., & Seydoux, G. (2000). Polarization of the anterior-posterior axis of C. elegans is a microtubule-directed process. Nature, 408(6808), 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer, M. A., Looger, L. L., & Hellinga, H. W. (2004). Computational design of a biologically active enzyme. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1967–1971.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mukherjee, A., Sen, T. K., Ghorai, P. K., & Mandal, S. K. (2013). The non-innocent phenalenyl unit: an electronic nest to modulate the catalytic activity in hydroamination reaction. Scientific reports, 3, 2821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Best, P. (2005). Implementing Value at Risk. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Logothetidis, S. (Ed.). (2012). Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Poupon, C., Poupon, F., Roche, A., Cointepas, Y., Dubois, J., & Mangin, J.-F. (2007). Real-Time MR Diffusion Tensor and Q-Ball Imaging Using Kalman Filtering. In N. Ayache, S. Ourselin, & A. Maeder (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2007: 10th International Conference, Brisbane, Australia, October 29 - November 2, 2007, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 27–35). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Tax and Public Finance.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 25). Hair from Ancient Mummies Reveals Peruvian Paleodiets. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Education of Homeless Students: Improved Program Oversight Needed (No. GAO-14-465). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griess, J. O. (2010). A canine audience: The effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on reading progress among students identified with learning disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2014, January 30). Plan on Repaying Debt Is Presented to Detroit’s Creditors. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2012; Wallenfang and Seydoux 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang and Seydoux 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Mukherjee et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Tax and Public Finance
AbbreviationInt. Tax Publ. Fin.
ISSN (print)0927-5940
ISSN (online)1573-6970
Economics and Econometrics

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