How to format your references using the International Tax and Public Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Tax and Public Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, X. (2008). The epigenetic landscape of plants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 489–492.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zubkov, M. V., & Tarran, G. A. (2008). High bacterivory by the smallest phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 455(7210), 224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stassun, K. G., Mathieu, R. D., & Valenti, J. A. (2006). Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature, 440(7082), 311–314.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiao, N., Chen, Y., Chen, A., & Feng, L. (2014). Enhanced bio-hydrogen production from protein wastewater by altering protein structure and amino acids acidification type. Scientific reports, 4, 3992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glover, F., Klingman, D., & Phillips, N. V. (1992). Network Models in Optimization and their Applications in Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Prassler, E., Lawitzky, G., Stopp, A., Grunwald, G., Hägele, M., Dillmann, R., & Iossifidis, I. (Eds.). (2005). Advances in Human-Robot Interaction (Vol. 14). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Loosen, P., & Knitsch, A. (2007). Incoherent Beam Superposition and Stacking. In F. Bachmann, P. Loosen, & R. Poprawe (Eds.), High Power Diode Lasers: Technology and Applications (pp. 121–179). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Tax and Public Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 12). Mercury-Filled Balloon Popped For Science. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported (No. IMTEC-88-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Leary, J. J. (2012). Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005, November 10). Roberts Court Hears Its First Case in Federalism Debate. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang 2008; Zubkov and Tarran 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zubkov and Tarran 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Tax and Public Finance
AbbreviationInt. Tax Publ. Fin.
ISSN (print)0927-5940
ISSN (online)1573-6970
Economics and Econometrics

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