How to format your references using the International Tax and Public Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Tax and Public Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oehler, S. (2011). Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler, D., & Pockley, P. (2000). Monsanto makes rice genome public. Nature, 404(6778), 534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, Q., Krug, R. M., & Tao, Y. J. (2006). The mechanism by which influenza A virus nucleoprotein forms oligomers and binds RNA. Nature, 444(7122), 1078–1082.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matzel, J. E. P., Ishii, H. A., Joswiak, D., Hutcheon, I. D., Bradley, J. P., Brownlee, D., et al. (2010). Constraints on the formation age of cometary material from the NASA Stardust mission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 483–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazer, A. (2011). Shifting the Earth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Allhoff, F., & Lin, P. (Eds.). (2009). Nanotechnology & Society: Current and Emerging Ethical Issues. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kavousifard, A., & Samet, H. (2011). A Novel Method Based on Modified Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm and Artificial Neural Network for Power System Load Prediction. In D. Ryżko, H. Rybiński, P. Gawrysiak, & M. Kryszkiewicz (Eds.), Emerging Intelligent Technologies in Industry (pp. 35–46). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Tax and Public Finance.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 24). Humans Can Detect One Trillion Odours. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Efforts To Improve School Lunch Programs--Are They Paying Off? (No. CED-81-121). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fengler, K. (2017). Everyday Aesthetics and the Environmental Significance of Everyday Aesthetics: A High School Art Unit of Instruction Promoting Positive Attitudinal Changes towards the Environment (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, March 15). Bomber Hits Courthouse in Damascus. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oehler 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Butler and Pockley 2000; Oehler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butler and Pockley 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Matzel et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Tax and Public Finance
AbbreviationInt. Tax Publ. Fin.
ISSN (print)0927-5940
ISSN (online)1573-6970
Economics and Econometrics

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