How to format your references using the International Tax and Public Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Tax and Public Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bode, M. (2004). Physics. The environment matters--even on the atomic scale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5695), 423–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chambers, J. Q., & Roberts, D. A. (2014). Ecology: drought in the congo basin. Nature, 509(7498), 36–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi, Y., Tyson, G. W., & DeLong, E. F. (2009). Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column. Nature, 459(7244), 266–269.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Diamond, A., Barnett, W. S., Thomas, J., & Munro, S. (2007). Preschool program improves cognitive control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1387–1388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, L., & Tan, K. C. (2005). Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kashmiri, S. M. (2013). Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS. (K. A. A. Makinwa, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldbeck-Wood, S. (2007). Psychoanalysis for Emergencies: A Toolkit for Trainees. In J. Cockburn & M. E. Pawson (Eds.), Psychological Challenges in Obstetrics and Gynecology: The Clinical Management (pp. 33–42). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Tax and Public Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 11). 24-Year-Old Woman Born Without Cerebellum. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aircraft Noise: Status and Management of FAA’s West Coast Plan (No. RCED-89-84). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, K. M. (2008). Diversity and evolution of 185/333, an immune -related gene family from the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, September 16). A Band Helps the East Village Heal After a Devastating Gas Explosion. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bode 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bode 2004; Chambers and Roberts 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chambers and Roberts 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Diamond et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Tax and Public Finance
AbbreviationInt. Tax Publ. Fin.
ISSN (print)0927-5940
ISSN (online)1573-6970
Economics and Econometrics

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