How to format your references using the Behavioural Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioural Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W.L. Jorgensen, The many roles of computation in drug discovery, Science. 303 (2004) 1813–1818.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.J. Fisher, L.C. Giudice, Retrospective. Robert G. Edwards (1925-2013), Science. 340 (2013) 825.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.E. Moritz, C.M. Bitz, E.J. Steig, Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic, Science. 297 (2002) 1497–1502.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Sharma, J.H. Scott, G.D. Cody, M.L. Fogel, R.M. Hazen, R.J. Hemley, W.T. Huntress, Microbial activity at gigapascal pressures, Science. 295 (2002) 1514–1516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.B. Naini, Facial Aesthetics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK, 2011.
An edited book
O. Grumberg, M. Huth, eds., Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 13th International Conference, TACAS 2007, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2007 Braga, Portugal, March 24 - April 1, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Gosling, B. Noordam, How to Think Like a Scientist, in: L.D. Noordam (Ed.), Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioural Brain Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why Tomatoes are Fruits, and Strawberries Aren’t Berries, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.L. Byrd, Investigating an Afterschool Program for Black Teenage Males Designed to Increase Self-Efficacy, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, Home Woes Continue, New York Times. (1999) 810.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioural Brain Research
AbbreviationBehav. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0166-4328
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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