How to format your references using the Behavioural Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioural Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Leggett, Physics. Superfluidity in a crystal?, Science. 305 (2004) 1921–1922.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Jain, F.S. Bates, On the origins of morphological complexity in block copolymer surfactants, Science. 300 (2003) 460–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Saito, K. Shinzawa, Y. Tsujimoto, Synchronized necrotic death of attached hepatocytes mediated via gap junctions, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5169.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Wang, G. Zhang, Q. Li, H. Jiang, C. Liu, C. Amatore, X. Wang, In vivo self-bio-imaging of tumors through in situ biosynthesized fluorescent gold nanoclusters, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.N. Ananthakrishnan, R.J. Xavier, D.K. Podolsky, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
W. Kim, Y. Ding, H.-G. Kim, eds., Semantic Technology: Third Joint International Conference, JIST 2013, Seoul, South Korea, November 28--30, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Liang, Z. Yu, L. Li, H. Gao, Q. Pei, Stable Junction Polymer Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells, in: Y.S. Zhao (Ed.), Organic Nanophotonics: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 87–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioural Brain Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Lost Ocean Of Mars, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Need To Strengthen Management Control Over the Basic Research Program Administered by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Casale, Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, Ducking In and Out, New York Times. (2009) ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioural Brain Research
AbbreviationBehav. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0166-4328
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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