How to format your references using the Behavioural Brain Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioural Brain Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Basnyat, Tackle Nepal’s typhoid problem now, Nature. 524 (2015) 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Goldenberg, I. Goldhirsch, Friction enhances elasticity in granular solids, Nature. 435 (2005) 188–191.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Suthram, T. Sittler, T. Ideker, The Plasmodium protein network diverges from those of other eukaryotes, Nature. 438 (2005) 108–112.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Cavalleri, S. Wall, C. Simpson, E. Statz, D.W. Ward, K.A. Nelson, M. Rini, R.W. Schoenlein, Tracking the motion of charges in a terahertz light field by femtosecond X-ray diffraction, Nature. 442 (2006) 664–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Katsilambros, E. Diakoumopoulou, I. Ioannidis, S. Liatis, K. Makrilakis, N. Tentolouris, P. Tsapogas, Diabetes in Clinical Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
A. Hameurlain, F. Morvan, A.M. Tjoa, eds., Data Management in Grid and Peer-to-Peer Systems: Third International Conference, Globe 2010, Bilbao, Spain, September 1-2, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Bao, L. Chen, Development of the Distributed Brillouin Sensors for Health Monitoring of Civil Structures, in: W.J. Bock, I. Gannot, S. Tanev (Eds.), Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 101–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioural Brain Research.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Underwater Microscope Provides New Views Of Ocean-Floor Sea Creatures In Their Natural Setting, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation and the Environment: Impact of Aviation Noise on Communities Presents Challenges for Airport Operations and Future Growth of the National Airspace System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. Robertson, Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. McKINLEY, B. Mueller, R. Rojas, Witness Says Clash Over Witchcraft Preceded a Teenager’s Fatal Beating, New York Times. (2015) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioural Brain Research
AbbreviationBehav. Brain Res.
ISSN (print)0166-4328
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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