How to format your references using the Communist and Post-Communist Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communist and Post-Communist Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Egolf, D.A., 2002. Statistical mechanics. Far from equilibrium. Science 296, 1813–1815.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sullenger, B.A., Gilboa, E., 2002. Emerging clinical applications of RNA. Nature 418, 252–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lorsch, J.R., Collins, F.S., Lippincott-Schwartz, J., 2014. Cell Biology. Fixing problems with cell lines. Science 346, 1452–1453.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Timpson, N., Heron, J., Smith, G.D., Enard, W., 2007. Comment on papers by Evans et al. and Mekel-Bobrov et al. on Evidence for Positive Selection of MCPH1 and ASPM. Science 317, 1036; author reply 1036.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Permyakov, E.A., Kretsinger, R.H., 2010. Calcium Binding Proteins. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ye, J., Cundiff, S.T. (Eds.), 2005. Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Lane, T., 2014. When Actions Feel Alien—an Explanatory Model, in: Hung, T.-W. (Ed.), Communicative Action: Selected Papers of the 2013 IEAS Conference on Language and Action. Springer, Singapore, pp. 53–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communist and Post-Communist Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Camelopardalid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened (No. GAO-09-262). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M., 2009. Weaving Into the Glimmer (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. ‘Moulin Rouge’ Musical Will Debut in Boston. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Egolf, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Egolf, 2002; Sullenger and Gilboa, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sullenger and Gilboa, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Timpson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunist and Post-Communist Studies
AbbreviationCommunist Post-Communist Stud.
ISSN (print)0967-067X
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles