How to format your references using the Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
’t Hooft, G., 2010. Nothing to fear from mistakes. Nature 467, S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, N., DiCarlo, J.J., 2008. Unsupervised natural experience rapidly alters invariant object representation in visual cortex. Science 321, 1502–1507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwai, M., Yokono, M., Nakano, A., 2014. Visualizing structural dynamics of thylakoid membranes. Sci. Rep. 4, 3768.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Turnipseed, M., Crowder, L.B., Sagarin, R.D., Roady, S.E., 2009. Oceans. Legal bedrock for rebuilding America’s ocean ecosystems. Science 324, 183–184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bleistein, S., 2017. Rapid Organizational Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ansari, F. (Ed.), 2005. Sensing Issues in Civil Structural Health Monitoring. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kobayashi, Y., Kadowaki, S., Naganuma, M., 2015. A Population-Genetics Based Model for Explaining Apparent Cultural Continuity from the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic in Eurasia, in: Mesoudi, A., Aoki, K. (Eds.), Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithic. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Nobel Scientist Tim Hunt Heavily Criticized For Sexist Remarks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Social Security Student Benefits for Postsecondary Students Should Be Discontinued (No. HRD-79-108). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolff, A., 2013. PRIDE: A psycho-educational peer support group for LGBTIQ youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Another Press Secretary Profile. New York Times A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (’t Hooft, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Li and DiCarlo, 2008; ’t Hooft, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and DiCarlo, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Turnipseed et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
AbbreviationMol. Cell. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1044-7431
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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