How to format your references using the Clinical Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, S. (2012). Anthropology. Did australopiths climb trees? Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheppard, S. S., & Trujillo, C. A. (2010). Detection of a trailing (L5) Neptune Trojan. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5997), 1304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carazo-Salas, R. E., Antony, C., & Nurse, P. (2005). The kinesin Klp2 mediates polarization of interphase microtubules in fission yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 297–300.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Appeltant, L., Van der Sande, G., Danckaert, J., & Fischer, I. (2014). Constructing optimized binary masks for reservoir computing with delay systems. Scientific reports, 4, 3629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, L. (2010). Complying with Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
R. Sudhakaran, P. (Ed.). (2014). Perspectives in Cancer Prevention-Translational Cancer Research. New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Trillas, F. (2015). Fuzzy Logic and Modern Economics. In R. Seising, E. Trillas, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Towards the Future of Fuzzy Logic (pp. 55–64). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 13). Simple Pee Test Could Reveal If You’re Eating A Healthy Diet. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Visibility and Leadership: The Changing Federal Role in Education (No. 147976). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wignall, J. (2013). No longer in the shadows: Identity, citizenship, and belonging among undocumented college students in Southern California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, July 24). Front Porches and Easy Strolls. New York Times, p. RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Larson 2012; Sheppard and Trujillo 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheppard and Trujillo 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Appeltant et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Social Work Journal
AbbreviationClin. Soc. Work J.
ISSN (print)0091-1674
ISSN (online)1573-3343
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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