How to format your references using the Clinical Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stefánsson, K. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. An anniversary party. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 691.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fraser, P. J., & Shelmerdine, R. L. (2002). Dogfish hair cells sense hydrostatic pressure. Nature, 415(6871), 495–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sadeghi, O., Zakharov, L. N., & Nyman, M. (2015). Crystal growth. Aqueous formation and manipulation of the iron-oxo Keggin ion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6228), 1359–1362.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, L., Gan, Z., McCartney, M. R., Liang, H., Yu, H., Gao, Y., et al. (2013). Atomic configurations at InAs partial dislocation cores associated with Z-shape faulted dipoles. Scientific reports, 3, 3229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diver, D. A. (2013). Plasma Formulary for Physics, Astronomy, and Technology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Marani, G. (2014). Introduction to Autonomous Manipulation: Case Study with an Underwater Robot, SAUVIM. (J. Yuh, Ed.) (Vol. 102). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng, H., Yang, M., Wang, H., & McClean, S. (2009). Machine Learning and Statistical Approaches to Support the Discrimination of Neuro-degenerative Diseases Based on Gait Analysis. In S. McClean, P. Millard, E. El-Darzi, & C. Nugent (Eds.), Intelligent Patient Management (pp. 57–70). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). Dreamscope App Uses Deep Dream By Google To Create More Surreal Horror Art. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency (No. GAO-06-815). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morr, R. (2015). Age Discrimination: Prejudice Suppression in the Selection Process (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman, M., & Thrush, G. (2017, April 22). Trump Reaches Beyond West Wing for Counsel. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stefánsson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fraser and Shelmerdine 2002; Stefánsson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fraser and Shelmerdine 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Social Work Journal
AbbreviationClin. Soc. Work J.
ISSN (print)0091-1674
ISSN (online)1573-3343
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles