How to format your references using the Clinical Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H. (2000). Reshuffle lifts French synchrotron hopes. Nature, 404(6778), 533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youk, H., & Lim, W. A. (2014). Secreting and sensing the same molecule allows cells to achieve versatile social behaviors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 1242782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, J., Gong, P., & Zhou, X. (2014). The association between romantic relationship status and 5-HT1A gene in young adults. Scientific reports, 4, 7049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuhlemann, J., Rohling, E. J., Krumrei, I., Kubik, P., Ivy-Ochs, S., & Kucera, M. (2008). Regional synthesis of Mediterranean atmospheric circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894), 1338–1340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffman, R. V. (2004). Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abetz, V. (Ed.). (2005). Block Copolymers II (Vol. 190). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gjedrem, T., & Olesen, I. (2005). Basic Statistical Parameters. In T. Gjedrem (Ed.), Selection and Breeding Programs in Aquaculture (pp. 45–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 21). Billions Of Bizarre Blue Animals Wash Ashore On The West Coast. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Joint Planning and Development Office: Progress and Key Issues in Planning the Transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (No. GAO-07-693T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eakman, T. L. (2017). Education Level and Critical Thinking Skills Among Substance Use Counselors Nationwide: A Descriptive Comparative Study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A. L. (1999, June 13). For Employed Moms, the Pinnacle Of Stress Comes After Work Ends. New York Times, p. 1518.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McCabe 2000; Youk and Lim 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Youk and Lim 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuhlemann et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Social Work Journal
AbbreviationClin. Soc. Work J.
ISSN (print)0091-1674
ISSN (online)1573-3343
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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