How to format your references using the Clinical Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2001). Funding fears spark Italian protests. Nature, 414(6862), 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braun-Munzinger, P., & Stachel, J. (2007). The quest for the quark-gluon plasma. Nature, 448(7151), 302–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kilner, R. M., Madden, J. R., & Hauber, M. E. (2004). Brood parasitic cowbird nestlings use host young to procure resources. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 877–879.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Worm, B., Lotze, H. K., Hillebrand, H., & Sommer, U. (2002). Consumer versus resource control of species diversity and ecosystem functioning. Nature, 417(6891), 848–851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gianni, R. (2016). Responsibility and Freedom. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gudipati, M. S., & Castillo-Rogez, J. (Eds.). (2013). The Science of Solar System Ices (Vol. 356). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Genovese, A., Piuri, V., & Scotti, F. (2014). Innovative Methods for Touchless and Less-Constrained Palmprint Recognition. In V. Piuri & F. Scotti (Eds.), Touchless Palmprint Recognition Systems (pp. 111–155). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 29). Ebola Claims Lives of Five Study Co-Authors Before Paper Is Published. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Federal Family Education Loan Information System: Weak Computer Controls Increase Risk of Unauthorized Access to Sensitive Data (No. AIMD-95-117). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Snyder, Q. Z. (2010). From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015, October 20). A Subatomic Existential Crisis. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2001; Braun-Munzinger and Stachel 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braun-Munzinger and Stachel 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Worm et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Social Work Journal
AbbreviationClin. Soc. Work J.
ISSN (print)0091-1674
ISSN (online)1573-3343
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles