How to format your references using the Clinical Social Work Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Social Work Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zebrowski, G. (2000). The holdouts. Nature, 408(6814), 775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, T. F., & Kay, S. A. (2003). Circadian clocks in daily and seasonal control of development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 326–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gunanathan, C., Ben-David, Y., & Milstein, D. (2007). Direct synthesis of amides from alcohols and amines with liberation of H2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 790–792.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Selmer, M., Dunham, C. M., Murphy, F. V., 4th, Weixlbaumer, A., Petry, S., Kelley, A. C., et al. (2006). Structure of the 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA and tRNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5795), 1935–1942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machin, D., & Campbell, M. J. (2005). Design of Studies for Medical Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pries-Heje, J., Venable, J., Bunker, D., Russo, N. L., & DeGross, J. I. (Eds.). (2010). Human Benefit through the Diffusion of Information Systems Design Science Research: IFIP WG 8.2/8.6 International Working Conference, Perth, Australia, March 30 – April 1, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 318). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nilius, G., Franke, K.-J., Domanski, U., Rühle, K.-H., Kirkness, J. P., & Schneider, H. (2013). Effects of Nasal Insufflation on Arterial Gas Exchange and Breathing Pattern in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure. In M. Pokorski (Ed.), Respiratory Regulation - Clinical Advances (pp. 27–34). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Social Work Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 9). How The Last Two Montserrat 'Mountain Chicken’ Frogs Could Save Their Species. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Social Security Administration: Fugitive Felon Program Could Benefit from Better Use of Technology (No. GAO-02-346). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bearden, A. (2017). Exploring the Congruency between Mission and Practice in a Pre-K-12, Midwestern, Christian School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schulman, M. (2017, July 28). Julie Klausner Meets a Cult-Movie Legend. New York Times, p. ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zebrowski 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schultz and Kay 2003; Zebrowski 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Kay 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Selmer et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Social Work Journal
AbbreviationClin. Soc. Work J.
ISSN (print)0091-1674
ISSN (online)1573-3343
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles