How to format your references using the Basic and Clinical Andrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Basic and Clinical Andrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Havlin S. Epidemiology. Phone infections. Science. 2009;324:1023–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. McLennan MR, Hockings KJ. Wild chimpanzees show group differences in selection of agricultural crops. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5956.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hornbach MJ, Saffer DM, Holbrook WS. Critically pressured free-gas reservoirs below gas-hydrate provinces. Nature. 2004;427:142–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee G-H, Kwon SJ, Park K-S, Kang J-G, Park J-G, Lee S, et al. Germanium microflower-on-nanostem as a high-performance lithium ion battery electrode. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dorsey JR. Y-Size Your Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Guo Y, Friston K, Aldo F, Hill S, Peng H, editors. Brain Informatics and Health: 8th International Conference, BIH 2015, London, UK, August 30 - September 2, 2015. Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Forte B. Applications of Functional Equations and Inequalities to Information Theory. In: Forte B, editor. Functional Equations and Inequalities. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 111–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Basic and Clinical Andrology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Two Teams Have Now Developed Time Crystals [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/two-teams-have-now-developed-time-crystals/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Science Foundation’s Actions on Recommendations of GAO Report “Opportunities for Improved Management of the Research Applied to National Needs (RANN) Program.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Mar. Report No.: HRD-77-54.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gikiri MM. Effects of attitude, norms, and perceived behavior control on intentions to become a teen father [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. <hl2 class=. New York Times. 2006 Jul 16;AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBasic and Clinical Andrology
AbbreviationBasic Clin. Androl.
ISSN (print)1166-2654
ISSN (online)2051-4190
ScopeReproductive Medicine
Urology

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