How to format your references using the Basic and Clinical Andrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Basic and Clinical Andrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hobson KA. Ecology. Incredible journeys. Science. 2002;295:981–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Boettiger C, Hastings A. Tipping points: From patterns to predictions. Nature. 2013;493:157–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Paraschiv-Ionescu A, Buchser E, Aminian K. Unraveling dynamics of human physical activity patterns in chronic pain conditions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2019.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Takagi J, Itabashi T, Suzuki K, Ishiwata S. Chromosome position at the spindle equator is regulated by chromokinesin and a bipolar microtubule array. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Patterson SJ, Radtke JM. Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Schwartz AJ, Kumar M, Adams BL, Field DP, editors. Electron Backscatter Diffraction in Materials Science. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rula A, Maurino A, Batini C. Data Quality Issues in Linked Open Data. In: Scannapieco M, editor. Data and Information Quality: Dimensions, Principles and Techniques. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 87–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Basic and Clinical Andrology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Scientists Are Giving Prawns “Sex Changes” To Help Farmers Increase Yields [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-are-giving-prawns-sex-change-help-farmers-increase-yields/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 May. Report No.: B-256497.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Liu T-WD. Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. ‘Everyone Wants to See Zara.’ New York Times. 2012 Jul 31;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBasic and Clinical Andrology
AbbreviationBasic Clin. Androl.
ISSN (print)1166-2654
ISSN (online)2051-4190
ScopeReproductive Medicine
Urology

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