How to format your references using the Clinical Nutrition Experimental citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Nutrition Experimental. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koshland DE Jr. Special essay. The seven pillars of life. Science 2002;295:2215–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Casadevall A, Pirofski L-A. Microbiology: Ditch the term pathogen. Nature 2014;516:165–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dame RT, Noom MC, Wuite GJL. Bacterial chromatin organization by H-NS protein unravelled using dual DNA manipulation. Nature 2006;444:387–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rogers GC, Rogers SL, Schwimmer TA, Ems-McClung SC, Walczak CE, Vale RD, et al. Two mitotic kinesins cooperate to drive sister chromatid separation during anaphase. Nature 2004;427:364–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Firth-Cozens J, Harrison J. How to Survive in Medicine. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Hassell J. Windows Vista: Beyond the Manual. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gertz O, McGlashan D. Consumer-Centric Programmatic Advertising. In: Busch O, editor. Programmatic Advertising: The Successful Transformation to Automated, Data-Driven Marketing in Real-Time, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Nutrition Experimental.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Cone Snails Drug Prey With Weaponized Insulin. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/killer-cone-snails-drug-prey-weaponized-insulin/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Fundamental Changes Needed To Achieve Effective Enforcement of Radio Communication Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bukvic II. Tabula Rasa: An Interactive Electroacoustic Work for Flute, Piano, Cello and Live Computer. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly SR. Mr. Trump, Korea’s Border Is Huge! New York Times 2015:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Nutrition Experimental
AbbreviationClin. Nutr. Exp.
ISSN (print)2352-9393
Scope

Other styles