How to format your references using the Journal of School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collier, R. J. (2010). Microbiology. Salmonella’s safety catch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5981), 981–982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartung, T., & Rovida, C. (2009). Chemical regulators have overreached. Nature, 460(7259), 1080–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz, M., Lo, C.-C., & Chain, P. S. G. (2014). Improved assemblies using a source-agnostic pipeline for MetaGenomic Assembly by Merging (MeGAMerge) of contigs. Scientific Reports, 4, 6480.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gomes, R., Levison, H. F., Tsiganis, K., & Morbidelli, A. (2005). Origin of the cataclysmic Late Heavy Bombardment period of the terrestrial planets. Nature, 435(7041), 466–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kukushkin, A. (2004). Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Poli, R., & Seibt, J. (Eds.). (2010). Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wight, C. (2013). Morphogenesis, Continuity and Change in the International Political System. In M. S. Archer (Ed.), Social Morphogenesis (pp. 85–101). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of School Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 15). Swinging Between Extremes In Giving Scientific Credit Where Credit Is Due. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack (GAO-17-348). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, J. W. (2006). The Relation Between Expressed Emotion and Adolescent Psychopathology [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1993, December 5). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 1317.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collier, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Collier, 2010; Hartung & Rovida, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartung & Rovida, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Scholz et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gomes et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of School Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-4405
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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