How to format your references using the Journal of School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt, S. (2014). Comparative biology: Naked ambition. Nature, 509(7502), S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsuura, Y., & Stewart, M. (2004). Structural basis for the assembly of a nuclear export complex. Nature, 432(7019), 872–877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altabet, M. A., Higginson, M. J., & Murray, D. W. (2002). The effect of millennial-scale changes in Arabian Sea denitrification on atmospheric CO2. Nature, 415(6868), 159–162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Crook, R., Graham, A. C., Smith, C. G., Farrer, I., Beere, H. E., & Ritchie, D. A. (2003). Erasable electrostatic lithography for quantum components. Nature, 424(6950), 751–754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir, I., & Seabridge, A. G. (2006). Military Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kerr, C. (2009). The Essential Guide to Flash CS4 (J. Keats, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
van der Lans, A. (2013). Business Process Management (BPM): The Information Loop. In P. Baan (Ed.), Enterprise Information Management: When Information Becomes Inspiration (pp. 101–123). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of School Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 12). There Is Still A Glimmer of Hope for Jade Rabbit. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Telecommunications: FCC Should Evaluate the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Lifeline Program (GAO-15-335). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, C. A. (2014). A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, March 16). Leader of U.S. Governing Body Resigns as Scandal Spreads. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deweerdt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Deweerdt, 2014; Matsuura & Stewart, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsuura & Stewart, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Altabet et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Crook et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of School Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-4405
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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