How to format your references using the Journal of School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharpe, T. (2015). Geology. The birth of the geological map. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6219), 230–232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Misra, S., & Froelich, P. N. (2012). Lithium isotope history of Cenozoic seawater: changes in silicate weathering and reverse weathering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6070), 818–823.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koechlin, E., Ody, C., & Kouneiher, F. (2003). The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5648), 1181–1185.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lawniczak, M. K. N., Emrich, S. J., Holloway, A. K., Regier, A. P., Olson, M., White, B., Redmond, S., Fulton, L., Appelbaum, E., Godfrey, J., Farmer, C., Chinwalla, A., Yang, S.-P., Minx, P., Nelson, J., Kyung, K., Walenz, B. P., Garcia-Hernandez, E., Aguiar, M., … Besansky, N. J. (2010). Widespread divergence between incipient Anopheles gambiae species revealed by whole genome sequences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6003), 512–514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, G. S. (2013). Straight to the Top. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mak, G. (2009). Pro SpringSource dm ServerTM (D. Rubio, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai, X., Wei, J., Wen, G., & Li, J. (2012). A Neighborhood Preserving Based Semi-supervised Dimensionality Reduction Method for Cancer Classification. In Y. Wang & T. Li (Eds.), Foundations of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011) (pp. 29–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of School Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 6). The Paris Agreement Will Come Into Force On November 4. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Aviation Safety: Data Problems Threaten FAA Strides on Safety Analysis System (AIMD-95-27). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walther, R. L. (2017). Approaches to Stream Restoration: Practices in Missouri and Illinois [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., & Victor, D. (2017, May 23). Fox News Retracts Theory On Killing of D.N.C. Aide. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharpe, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Misra & Froelich, 2012; Sharpe, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Misra & Froelich, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Koechlin et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lawniczak et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of School Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-4405
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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