How to format your references using the Journal of School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall, A. (2014). Climate. Projecting regional change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1461–1462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ödman-Govender, C. J., & Kelleghan, D. (2011). SPORE series winner. Astronomical perspectives for young children. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6046), 1106–1107.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marchevsky, M., Higgins, M. J., & Bhattacharya, S. (2001). Two coexisting vortex phases in the peak effect regime in a superconductor. Nature, 409(6820), 591–594.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, Y., Zhuang, J., Ge, X., Zhang, X., Wang, Z., Sun, J., … Gu, F. (2013). Identifcation of a novel mutation p.I240T in the FRMD7 gene in a family with congenital nystagmus. Scientific Reports, 3, 3084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, G. (2005). Designing and Developing Scalable IP Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dang, Q. A., Nguyen, X. H., Le, H. B., Nguyen, V. H., & Bao, V. N. Q. (Eds.). (2015). Some Current Advanced Researches on Information and Computer Science in Vietnam: Post-proceedings of The First NAFOSTED Conference on Information and Computer Science (Vol. 341). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lakshmibai, V., & Brown, J. (2015). Gröbner Bases. In J. Brown (Ed.), The Grassmannian Variety: Geometric and Representation-Theoretic Aspects (pp. 39–48). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of School Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, November 24). Scientists Prank Monkeys With Fake Poop For Real Research. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia Public Schools: Status of Fiscal Year 1998 Roof Projects (No. T-AIMD-98-219). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole Jackson, M. (2015). National school reform: the benefits of civility and ethics instruction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (2003, January 26). The Minnow Found Again. New York Times, p. 77.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Behrensmeyer, 2006; McKinnon, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ödman-Govender & Kelleghan, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Marchevsky, Higgins, & Bhattacharya, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cognet et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of School Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-4405
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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