How to format your references using the Journal of School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery, E. (2001). A year of opportunity. Nature, 410(6831), 867–868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gentner, T. Q., & Margoliash, D. (2003). Neuronal populations and single cells representing learned auditory objects. Nature, 424(6949), 669–674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jasny, B., Mueller, K., & Roberts, L. (2010). HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS: Eastern Europe. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5988), 159.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yaginuma, H., Kawai, S., Tabata, K. V., Tomiyama, K., Kakizuka, A., Komatsuzaki, T., Noji, H., & Imamura, H. (2014). Diversity in ATP concentrations in a single bacterial cell population revealed by quantitative single-cell imaging. Scientific Reports, 4, 6522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M., & Krämer, N. (2016). Hygiene in der Arzneimittelproduktion. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ågotnes, T., Broersen, J., & Elgesem, D. (Eds.). (2012). Deontic Logic in Computer Science: 11th International Conference, DEON 2012, Bergen, Norway, July 16-18, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7393). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Obaid, S., Champagne, P.-O., Mercier, C., & Crevier, L. (2015). Neurosurgery. In K. Scheinemann & E. Bouffet (Eds.), Pediatric Neuro-oncology (pp. 31–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of School Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 17). Life’s Building Blocks May Have Arisen Simultaneously. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). ADP Management Controls: Farmers Home Administration Can Improve Reporting of Weaknesses (IMTEC-88-38). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moose, A. M. (2013). The Relationship of Distributed Expertise and Shared Leadership in New Product Development Teams: A Comparative Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2016, September 10). Hip-Hop Artist, Accused of Being a Gang Leader, Pleads Guilty to Conspiracy and Weapons Charges. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubery, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gentner & Margoliash, 2003; Rubery, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gentner & Margoliash, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jasny et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yaginuma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of School Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-4405
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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