How to format your references using the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulmala, M. Atmospheric Science. How Particles Nucleate and Grow. Science 2003, 302 (5647), 1000–1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Keefe, F. R.; Chiappe, L. M. Viviparity and K-Selected Life History in a Mesozoic Marine Plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia). Science 2011, 333 (6044), 870–873.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A.; van Duijn, E.; Braakman, I. Coordinated Nonvectorial Folding in a Newly Synthesized Multidomain Protein. Science 2002, 298 (5602), 2401–2403.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Waite, J. H., Jr; Perryman, R. S.; Perry, M. E.; Miller, K. E.; Bell, J.; Cravens, T. E.; Glein, C. R.; Grimes, J.; Hedman, M.; Cuzzi, J.; et al. Chemical Interactions between Saturn’s Atmosphere and Its Rings. Science 2018, 362 (6410).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kieser, J.; Taylor, M.; Carr, D. Forensic Biomechanics; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Compression Garments in Sports: Athletic Performance and Recovery; Engel, F., Sperlich, B., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Meganck, S.; Leray, P.; Manderick, B. Causal Graphical Models with Latent Variables: Learning and Inference. In Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 9th European Conference, ECSQARU 2007, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 - November 2, 2007. Proceedings; Mellouli, K., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 5–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Northern Giant Mouse Lemurs Have Enormous Testicles (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Preliminary Observations on Commercialized Air Navigation Service Providers; GAO-05-542T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amodeo, G. A. Structural and Biochemical Characterization of the Saccharomyces Cerevisiae AMPK Homolog SNF1. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J. F. The Next Hot Start-Up Benefit Could Be a 401(k). New York Times. September 22, 2016, p B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Med. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-2623
ISSN (online)1520-4804
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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