How to format your references using the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott, J. F. Applications of Modern Ferroelectrics. Science 2007, 315 (5814), 954–959.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laskar, J.; Gastineau, M. Existence of Collisional Trajectories of Mercury, Mars and Venus with the Earth. Nature 2009, 459 (7248), 817–819.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeganathan, K. B.; Malureanu, L.; van Deursen, J. M. The Rae1-Nup98 Complex Prevents Aneuploidy by Inhibiting Securin Degradation. Nature 2005, 438 (7070), 1036–1039.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xiang, Y.; Laurent, B.; Hsu, C.-H.; Nachtergaele, S.; Lu, Z.; Sheng, W.; Xu, C.; Chen, H.; Ouyang, J.; Wang, S.; Ling, D.; Hsu, P.-H.; Zou, L.; Jambhekar, A.; He, C.; Shi, Y. Corrigendum: RNA M6A Methylation Regulates the Ultraviolet-Induced DNA Damage Response. Nature 2017, 552 (7685), 430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner, M. Global Displacements; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Isabelle, A. D. Inspiring STEM Minds: Biographies and Activities for Elementary Classrooms; Valle, N. Z., Ed.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nedjah, N.; Mourelle, L. de M. Evolutionary Pattern Matching Using Genetic Programming. In Genetic Systems Programming: Theory and Experiences; Nedjah, N., Mourelle, L. de M., Abraham, A., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Discover A New Taste (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Supplier Base: Challenges Exist in Transitioning from the Space Shuttle Program to the Next Generation of Human Space Flight Systems; GAO-07-940; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGaughey, K. M. Textural Juxtaposition: Representing the Natural and the Human in Elements. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach, M. The Marvels in Your Mouth. New York Times. March 25, 2013, p D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Med. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-2623
ISSN (online)1520-4804
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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