How to format your references using the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zahnle, K. Decline and Fall of the Empire. Nature 2001, 412 (6843), 209–213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harrison, S. A.; Tong, F. Decoding Reveals the Contents of Visual Working Memory in Early Visual Areas. Nature 2009, 458 (7238), 632–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schenk, P.; Matsuyama, I.; Nimmo, F. True Polar Wander on Europa from Global-Scale Small-Circle Depressions. Nature 2008, 453 (7193), 368–371.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kraus, H.; Soltamov, V. A.; Fuchs, F.; Simin, D.; Sperlich, A.; Baranov, P. G.; Astakhov, G. V.; Dyakonov, V. Magnetic Field and Temperature Sensing with Atomic-Scale Spin Defects in Silicon Carbide. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, G. A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations; Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Adaptive and Learning Agents: International Workshop, ALA 2011, Held at AAMAS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers; Vrancx, P., Knudson, M., Grześ, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7113.
A chapter in an edited book
Estrin, Y.; Rabkin, E.; Hellmig, R. J.; Kazakevich, M.; Zi, A. New Applications of the SPD Concept: ΜSPD. In Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation; Zhu, Y. T., Varyukhin, V., Eds.; NATO Science Series; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2006; pp 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J. How One Bird Got Three Such Different-Looking Males. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inspectors General: Alleged Misconduct by NASA Inspector General; OSI-95-9; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolff, A. PRIDE: A Psycho-Educational Peer Support Group for LGBTIQ Youth: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sansal, B. The Altered State of France. New York Times. May 8, 2017, p 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Med. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-2623
ISSN (online)1520-4804
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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