How to format your references using the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinney, J. D. Technology: Photonics Illuminates the Future of Radar. Nature 2014, 507 (7492), 310–311.
A journal article with 2 authors
McNeill, J. R.; Winiwarter, V. Breaking the Sod: Humankind, History, and Soil. Science 2004, 304 (5677), 1627–1629.
A journal article with 3 authors
Waghmare, P. R.; Gunda, N. S. K.; Mitra, S. K. Under-Water Superoleophobicity of Fish Scales. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7454.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hsieh, C.-H.; Reiss, C. S.; Hunter, J. R.; Beddington, J. R.; May, R. M.; Sugihara, G. Fishing Elevates Variability in the Abundance of Exploited Species. Nature 2006, 443 (7113), 859–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannon, D. L. CISA®; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Indianapolis, Indiana, 2016.
An edited book
Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050; Zhao, Q., Huang, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, T.; Luo, J. A VO-Based Two-Stage Replica Replacement Algorithm. In Network and Parallel Computing: IFIP International Conference, NPC 2007, Dalian, China, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings; Li, K., Jesshope, C., Jin, H., Gaudiot, J.-L., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Scientists Thought The Moon Had Volcanic Activity Recently. They Were Probably Wrong. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened; GAO-09-262; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dao, L.-A. T. Comparison of Peripherally Inserted Intravenous Catheter Complication Prevalence: Before and after Changing a 96-Hour Routine Replacement Standard. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Torre’s Gift to All Fathers: Frank Talk About Prostate Cancer. New York Times. May 29, 2011, p SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Med. Chem.
ISSN (print)0022-2623
ISSN (online)1520-4804
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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