How to format your references using the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine (CJSM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Eddy SR. Genetics. Total information awareness for worm genetics. Science. 2006;311:1381–1382.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Snook RR, Hosken DJ. Sperm death and dumping in Drosophila. Nature. 2004;428:939–941.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Sharp DJ, Rogers GC, Scholey JM. Microtubule motors in mitosis. Nature. 2000;407:41–47.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Chen X, Ma R, Zhou H, et al. Activating the microscale edge effect in a hierarchical surface for frosting suppression and defrosting promotion. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Deichmann U. Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1
Yoshimoto T, Yoshimoto T, editors. Cytokine Frontiers: Regulation of Immune Responses in Health and Disease. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dobkin PL, Hassed CS. How Mindfulness Has Been Integrated into Three Medical School Curriculums. In: Hassed Craig Stephen, ed. Mindful Medical Practitioners: A Guide for Clinicians and Educators: Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016: 43–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Physicists Recreate Substance Similar To The Plasma Believed To Have Existed At The Very Beginning Of The Universe. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/tiniest-liquid-also-hottest-ever-created-lab/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pookcharoen S. Metacognitive online reading strategies among Thai EFL university students. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hubbard B. Saudi Arabia Restores Salaries and Bonuses Amid Grumbling. New York Times. 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Journal of Sport Medicine
AbbreviationClin. J. Sport Med.
ISSN (print)1050-642X
ISSN (online)1536-3724
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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