How to format your references using the Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lemmon JP. Energy: Reimagine fuel cells. Nature. 2015;525:447–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fisher SJ, Giudice LC. Retrospective. Robert G. Edwards (1925-2013). Science. 2013;340:825.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Losos JB, Hillis DM, Greene HW. Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue? Science. 2012;338:1428–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schenkl S, van Mourik F, van der Zwan G, Haacke S, Chergui M. Probing the ultrafast charge translocation of photoexcited retinal in bacteriorhodopsin. Science. 2005;309:917–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Maguire L, Smith E. 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Brown G. Vegetation Ecology of Socotra. Mies BA, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Richardson HW, Pan Q, Gordon P, Park J, Moore JE. A Radiological Bomb Attack on the Downtown Los Angeles Financial District. In: Richardson HW, Pan Q, Park J, Moore JE II, editors. Regional Economic Impacts of Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters and Metropolitan Policies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. First Dinosaur Brain Fossil Suggests They May Have Been Smarter Than We Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Survey of NASA’s Lessons Learned Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Sep. Report No.: GAO-01-1015R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tse J. An explication of the Hilbert basis theorem and its relation to school mathematics [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. The Battle of ‘Morning Joe’: A Presidential Feud. New York Times. 2017 Jun 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
AbbreviationClin. Diabetes Endocrinol.
ISSN (online)2055-8260
Scope

Other styles