How to format your references using the EconomiA citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EconomiA. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLong, E.F., 2009. The microbial ocean from genomes to biomes. Nature 459, 200–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucas, D., Frenette, P.S., 2014. Stem cells: Reprogramming finds its niche. Nature 511, 301–302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shuman, E.S., Barry, J.F., Demille, D., 2010. Laser cooling of a diatomic molecule. Nature 467, 820–823.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, C., Li, H., Zeng, X.C., Wang, E.G., Meng, S., 2013. Quantized water transport: ideal desalination through graphyne-4 membrane. Sci. Rep. 3, 3163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, J.-F., Brinzei, N., Mazouni, M.-H., 2016. Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Woolf, N.J., 2010. Nanoneuroscience: Structural and Functional Roles of the Neuronal Cytoskeleton in Health and Disease, Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández de Cañete, J., Galindo, C., Moral, I.G., 2011. System Response Analysis, in: Galindo, C., Moral, I.G. (Eds.), System Engineering and Automation: An Interactive Educational Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 85–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EconomiA.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. We Now Know What Earth’s Inner Core Is Made Of [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Mass Transit: Issues Related to Fiscal Year 1995 Appropriations (No. T-RCED-94-180). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navolio, L.M., 2004. The process of individuation as embodied in symbols, images, and alchemical motifs: A psychological study based on twelve paintings by Remedios Varo (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. A Cutting-Edge Impresario’s Legacy. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLong, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (DeLong, 2009; Lucas and Frenette, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lucas and Frenette, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomiA
ISSN (print)1517-7580

Other styles