How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaenicke R. Abundance of cellular material and proteins in the atmosphere. Science. 2005;308(5718):73.
A journal article with 2 authors
Myers RA, Worm B. Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature. 2003;423(6937):280-283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burkett V, Groat CG, Reed D. Hurricanes not the key to a sustainable coast. Science. 2007;315(5817):1366-1368.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Antonova I, Arancio O, Trillat AC, et al. Rapid increase in clusters of presynaptic proteins at onset of long-lasting potentiation. Science. 2001;294(5546):1547-1550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke D. Social Networks and Their Economics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Knopov PS. Estimation and Control Problems for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations. Vol 83. (Deriyeva ON, ed.). New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Biscari P, Ruggeri T, Saccomandi G, Vianello M. Sistemi vincolati. In: Ruggeri T, Saccomandi G, Vianello M, eds. Meccanica Razionale. UNITEXT. Milano: Springer; 2014:47-81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Taub B. Underage Abortion Leads To More Advantages Than Teenage Motherhood, Study Suggests. IFLScience. Published July 21, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Efforts Generally Strong but Face Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Courtney SJ. A Sea of Voices: An Alchemical Journey Through Dissociation. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. A Footnote Explains a Dispute Over Treasury’s Bailout Figures. New York Times. November 17, 2010:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
ISSN (print)1347-8613

Other styles