How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. Retraction signals end of cell-biology debate. Nature. 2004;427(6975):574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fowler JH, Schreiber D. Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature. Science. 2008;322(5903):912-914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Preusser F, Radies D, Matter A. A 160,000-year record of dune development and atmospheric circulation in Southern Arabia. Science. 2002;296(5575):2018-2020.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ashfold MNR, Cronin B, Devine AL, Dixon RN, Nix MGD. The role of pisigma* excited states in the photodissociation of heteroaromatic molecules. Science. 2006;312(5780):1637-1640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu PP. RTL Hardware Design Using VHDL. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Choudhary DK, Varma A, Tuteja N, eds. Plant-Microbe Interaction: An Approach to Sustainable Agriculture. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
van Loon R, van den Berg T. Dialogical Leadership. In: Hermans H, ed. Assessing and Stimulating a Dialogical Self in Groups, Teams, Cultures, and Organizations. Springer International Publishing; 2016:75-93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Analyzing The Way Children Sleep Could Help Us To Understand Autism. IFLScience. Published March 29, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: GAO Assessment of DOD Responsive Launch Report. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cebada-Ricalde MC. Synthesis and Characterization of PANI-Coated VGCNFs and Evaluation of Its Use for Corrosion Inhibition. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. Carlsen, ‘Mozart of Chess,’ Overwhelms Challenger to Win Championship. New York Times. December 1, 2016:A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
ISSN (print)1347-8613

Other styles