How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett AJ. The quantum measurement problem. Science. 2005;307(5711):871-872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shohat S, Shifman S. Bias towards large genes in autism. Nature. 2014;512(7512):E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen C, Bobisch CA, Ho W. Visualization of Fermi’s golden rule through imaging of light emission from atomic silver chains. Science. 2009;325(5943):981-985.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weiss J, Pyrski M, Jacobi E, et al. Loss-of-function mutations in sodium channel Nav1.7 cause anosmia. Nature. 2011;472(7342):186-190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peca SP. Real Estate Development and Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Tzu C. Chuang-Tzu: A New Selected Translation with an Exposition of the Philosophy of Kuo Hsiang. 1st ed. 2016. (Fung YL, ed.). Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Radelet-de Grave P. Kepler, Cavalieri, Guldin. Polemics with the Departed. In: Jullien V, ed. Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited. Science Networks. Historical Studies. Springer International Publishing; 2015:57-86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Gravitational Lenses Let Astronomers See Brightest Galaxies Like Never Before. IFLScience. Published June 7, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium’s Start-up Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brasseaux S. The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and Land Changes in Louisiana Deltaic Plain, Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Deliciousness From Italy. New York Times. December 20, 2009:NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
ISSN (print)1347-8613

Other styles