How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Samarasekera IV. Universities need a new social contract. Nature. 2009;462(7270):160-161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petrovic M, Hummel T. Temporal identity in axonal target layer recognition. Nature. 2008;456(7223):800-803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson JS, Rittle J, Peters JC. Catalytic conversion of nitrogen to ammonia by an iron model complex. Nature. 2013;501(7465):84-87.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Haeussner E, Buehlmeyer A, Schmitz C, von Koch FE, Frank H-G. Novel 3D microscopic analysis of human placental villous trees reveals unexpected significance of branching angles. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avlonas N, Nassos GP. Practical Sustainability Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
Johannesson P, Lee ML, Liddle SW, Opdahl AL, Pastor López Ó, eds. Conceptual Modeling: 34th International Conference, ER 2015, Stockholm, Sweden, October 19-22, 2015, Proceedings. Vol 9381. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gálvez A, López RL, Pulido RP, Burgos MJG. Biopreservation of Meats and Meat Products. In: Grande Burgos MJ, Lucas López R, Pérez Pulido R, eds. Food Biopreservation. SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition. Springer; 2014:23-47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Neuralink Wants To Wire Your Brain To The Internet – What Could Possibly Go Wrong? IFLScience. Published May 5, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevilla AD. The moderating influence of core self-evaluation, emotional intelligence and extraversion on career success. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Support From Berlusconi. New York Times. April 3, 2002:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
ISSN (print)1347-8613

Other styles