How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Normile D. Lost at sea. Science. 2014;344(6187):963-965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jinnah S, Jungcurt S. Global biological resources. Could access requirements stifle your research? Science. 2009;323(5913):464-465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan CH, Williams CC, Weissman JS. LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science. 2015;348(6240):1217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ji Q, Ji S-A, Cheng Y-N, et al. Palaeontology: pterosaur egg with a leathery shell. Nature. 2004;432(7017):572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter M, Bentley SP. Soil Properties and Their Correlations. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Goldengorin B, Kalyagin VA, Pardalos PM, eds. Models, Algorithms, and Technologies for Network Analysis: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Network Analysis. Vol 32. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo W, Labrosse G, Narayanan R. Steady Two-Dimensional (2D) Heat Conduction Problems. In: Labrosse G, Narayanan R, eds. The Application of the Chebyshev-Spectral Method in Transport Phenomena. Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics. Springer; 2012:75-111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacological Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Scientists Discover A New Intriguing Fast Radio Burst. IFLScience. Published May 11, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tornes IE. Topics in the Physics of Underdamped Josephson Systems. Published online 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sabrina Tavernise With. The Survivors Dribble Out, All With a Story to Tell. New York Times. October 28, 2002:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
ISSN (print)1347-8613

Other styles