How to format your references using the Bulletin of Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton, Douglas. 2015. Donald Metcalf (1929-2014). Nature 517: 554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, R. N., and S. A. Gibson. 2000. Transient high temperatures in mantle plume heads inferred from magnesian olivines in Phanerozoic picrites. Nature 407: 502–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stern, Peter, Pamela J. Hines, and John Travis. 2014. The aging brain. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 566–567.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Seidemann, Eyal, Amos Arieli, Amiram Grinvald, and Hamutal Slovin. 2002. Dynamics of depolarization and hyperpolarization in the frontal cortex and saccade goal. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 862–865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Sutherland, Peter. 2014. Principles of Electrical Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sardanelli, Francesco. 2008. Biostatistica in Radiologia: Progettare, realizzare e scrivere un lavoro scientifico radiologico. Edited by Giovanni Di Leo. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Depla, Diederik, Stijn Mahieu, and Roger De Gryse. 2008. Depositing Aluminium Oxide: A Case Study of Reactive Magnetron Sputtering. In Reactive Sputter Deposition, ed. Diederik Depla and Stijn Mahieu, 153–197. Springer Series in Materials Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Materials Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Cockroach Cyborgs Could Help Rescue Crews After Disasters. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 6.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Airline Deregulation: Addressing the Air Service Problems of Some Communities. T-RCED-97-187. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaglin, Maia. 2012. A secondary data analysis of Latino families who successfully terminated with family preservation. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dannenberg, Linda. 2007. In the Air on the Day the World Changed. New York Times, September 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilton 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Gibson 2000; Hilton 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Gibson 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Seidemann et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Materials Science
ISSN (print)0250-4707
ISSN (online)0973-7669

Other styles