How to format your references using the Bulletin of Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, Christopher. 2006. ClC chloride channels viewed through a transporter lens. Nature 440: 484–489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, Yun Kyung, and Sarkis K. Mazmanian. 2010. Has the microbiota played a critical role in the evolution of the adaptive immune system? Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 1768–1773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fändrich, M., M. A. Fletcher, and C. M. Dobson. 2001. Amyloid fibrils from muscle myoglobin. Nature 410: 165–166.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pallé, Enric, María Rosa Zapatero Osorio, Rafael Barrena, Pilar Montañés-Rodríguez, and Eduardo L. Martín. 2009. Earth’s transmission spectrum from lunar eclipse observations. Nature 459: 814–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, Daniel. 2014. New Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Roy, Sudeshna, and Ibrahim Seaga Shaw, ed. 2016. Communicating Differences: Culture, Media, Peace and Conflict Negotiation. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwarzbach, A. E., and P. B. Tomlinson. 2011. Anisophylleaceae. In Flowering Plants. Eudicots: Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae, ed. Klaus Kubitzki, 51–55. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Materials Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. What Do Parasitic Worms And Our Increasing Allergies Have In Common? IFLScience. IFLScience. November 16.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Rail Safety: Improved Human Capital Planning Could Address Emerging Safety Oversight Challenges. GAO-14-85. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankapura, Sagar. 2016. Packet adaptive routing in communication network. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, David A. 2006. Seen the Airline’s Movie? Bring Your Own. New York Times, April 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Miller 2006; Lee and Mazmanian 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Mazmanian 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Pallé et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Materials Science
ISSN (print)0250-4707
ISSN (online)0973-7669

Other styles