How to format your references using the Bulletin of Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. 2001. Life’s lessons in design. Nature 409: 413–416.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mangalam, Madhur, and Shraddha Madhav Karve. 2015. ANIMAL COGNITION. Comment on “Number-space mapping in the newborn chick resembles humans’ mental number line.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stenner, Michael D., Daniel J. Gauthier, and Mark A. Neifeld. 2003. The speed of information in a “fast-light” optical medium. Nature 425: 695–698.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bi, Yan-Gang, Jing Feng, Yu-Shan Liu, Yun-Fei Li, Yang Chen, Xu-Lin Zhang, Xiao-Chi Han, and Hong-Bo Sun. 2014. Surface plasmon-polariton mediated red emission from organic light-emitting devices based on metallic electrodes integrated with dual-periodic corrugation. Scientific reports 4: 7108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Jun-Jie. 2014. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Nolta, Jan A., ed. 2006. Genetic Engineering of Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zimmer, Ephraim, Jens Lindemann, Dominik Herrmann, and Hannes Federrath. 2016. Catching Inside Attackers: Balancing Forensic Detectability and Privacy of Employees. In Open Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, iNetSec 2015, Zurich, Switzerland, October 29, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, ed. Jan Camenisch and Doğan Kesdoğan, 43–55. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Materials Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Spots “Pearl” Storm On Jupiter. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Airport Finance: Information on Funding Sources and Planned Capital Development. GAO-15-306. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnard, Sarah. 2015. Police officers’ attitudes about rape victims. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. After Long Hours, the Red Sox Keep a Slim Lead. New York Times, September 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2001; Mangalam and Karve 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mangalam and Karve 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Materials Science
ISSN (print)0250-4707
ISSN (online)0973-7669

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