How to format your references using the Bulletin of Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenberger, Robert. 2007. Astronomy. A texture in the sky? Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minton, David A., and Renu Malhotra. 2009. A record of planet migration in the main asteroid belt. Nature 457: 1109–1111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lind, Gustav, Cecilia Eriksson Linsmeier, and Jens Schouenborg. 2013. The density difference between tissue and neural probes is a key factor for glial scarring. Scientific reports 3: 2942.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kajava, Andrey V., Karsten Klopffleisch, Shuhua Chen, and Kay Hofmann. 2014. Evolutionary link between metazoan RHIM motif and prion-forming domain of fungal heterokaryon incompatibility factor HET-s/HET-s. Scientific reports 4: 7436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertin, Emmanuel, Noël Crespi, and Guy Pujolle. 2013. Architecture and Governance for Communication Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dart, Jon, and Stephen Wagg, ed. 2016. Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play. Global Culture and Sport Series. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Tao, Xiaofeng, Qimei Cui, Xiaodong Xu, and Ping Zhang. 2012. Group Cell Trial Systems. In Group Cell Architecture for Cooperative Communications, ed. Qimei Cui, Xiaodong Xu, and Ping Zhang, 69–87. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Materials Science.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. Last 5 Years Were Hottest On Record, Leading To Loss Of Life And High Economic Costs. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Tax Systems Modernization: Private Sector Modernization Efforts IRS May Want to Examine. GGD-91-133FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus, Jennifer Victoria. 2017. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dyson, Michael Eric. 2017. Racial Violence on the Screen. New York Times, August 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brandenberger 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brandenberger 2007; Minton and Malhotra 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minton and Malhotra 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kajava et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Materials Science
ISSN (print)0250-4707
ISSN (online)0973-7669

Other styles