How to format your references using the Bulletin of Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Denrell, Jerker. 2008. Sociology. Indirect social influence. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krasnopolsky, V. A., and P. D. Feldman. 2001. Detection of molecular hydrogen in the atmosphere of Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1914–1917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trainor, Paul A., Linda Ariza-McNaughton, and Robb Krumlauf. 2002. Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1288–1291.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Forde, Samantha E., Robert E. Beardmore, Ivana Gudelj, Sinan S. Arkin, John N. Thompson, and Laurence D. Hurst. 2008. Understanding the limits to generalizability of experimental evolutionary models. Nature 455: 220–223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jain, Ravi K., Harry C. Triandis, and Cynthia Wagner Weick. 2010. Managing Research, Development, and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Petković, Miodrag, ed. 2008. Point Estimation of Root Finding Methods. Vol. 1933. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martinez-Frias, Jesus, Gabriel Amaral, and Luis Vázquez. 2007. Astrobiological significance of minerals on Mars surface environment. In Life in Extreme Environments, ed. Ricardo Amils, Cynan Ellis-Evans, and Helmut Hinghofer-Szalkay, 55–67. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Materials Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Brains Work Via Their Genes Just As Much As Their Neurons. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Early Education and Care: Overlap Indicates Need to Assess Crosscutting Programs. HEHS-00-78. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaete, Dariella Odette. 2009. Investigation of intuitive eating after intervention measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Maura. 2000. An Update for the Innards of the Net. New York Times, March 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Denrell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Krasnopolsky and Feldman 2001; Denrell 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krasnopolsky and Feldman 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Forde et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Materials Science
ISSN (print)0250-4707
ISSN (online)0973-7669

Other styles