How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bohannon J. The Gonzo Scientist. The Science Dance Match-Up Challenge. Science. 2009;324:332.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Després J-P, Lemieux I. Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Nature. 2006;444:881–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lin X, Clark AC, Chan MHW. Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition. Nature. 2007;449:1025–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Taddei A, Van Houwe G, Hediger F, Kalck V, Cubizolles F, Schober H, et al. Nuclear pore association confers optimal expression levels for an inducible yeast gene. Nature. 2006;441:774–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kandel HG. Verfahrenstechnische Methoden in der Wirkstoffherstellung. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Curtin RT, Reynolds PD, editors. New Firm Creation in the United States: Initial Explorations with the PSED II Data Set. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Coronado JM, Hernández-Alonso MD. The Keys of Success: TiO2 as a Benchmark Photocatalyst. In: Coronado JM, Fresno F, Hernández-Alonso MD, Portela R, editors. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications. London: Springer; 2013. p. 85–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Oncology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. A Dietitian Puts Extreme “Clean Eating” Claims To The Test – And The Results Aren’t Pretty [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/a-dietitian-puts-extreme-clean-eating-claims-to-the-test-and-the-results-arent-pretty/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Mar. Report No.: IAP-95-7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Witt SR. A Study of the Relationship of Online Course Factors and Passing or Failing an Online Course [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Friendships Wrapped in the Army-Navy Rivalry. New York Times. 2012 Sep 27;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Oncology
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1699-048X
ISSN (online)1699-3055
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine
Oncology

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