How to format your references using the International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, B.L. Psychology. Bird-Brained Illusionists. Science 2012, 335, 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gebbers, R.; Adamchuk, V.I. Precision Agriculture and Food Security. Science 2010, 327, 828–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Psaltis, D.; Quake, S.R.; Yang, C. Developing Optofluidic Technology through the Fusion of Microfluidics and Optics. Nature 2006, 442, 381–386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, G.G.; Song, J.; Wang, Z.; Dormann, H.L.; Casadio, F.; Li, H.; Luo, J.-L.; Patel, D.J.; Allis, C.D. Haematopoietic Malignancies Caused by Dysregulation of a Chromatin-Binding PHD Finger. Nature 2009, 459, 847–851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, M.C. HPLC; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2007; ISBN 9780470079096.
An edited book
Efficient Algorithms for Global Optimization Methods in Computer Vision: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 20-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers; Bruhn, A., Pock, T., Tai, X.-C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 8293; ISBN 9783642547737.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, V.; Reinartz, W. Implementing the CRM Strategy. In Customer Relationship Management: Concept, Strategy, and Tools; Reinartz, W., Ed.; Springer Texts in Business and Economics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 55–85 ISBN 9783642201097.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Wonder Material Lets Electricity Flow But Not Heat (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santoso, E. Intellectual Capital in Indonesia: The Influence on Financial Performance of Banking Industry. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wyatt, E.; Walsh, M.W. For Flood Victims, Another Blow Is Possible. New York Times 2012, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power
ISSN (online)2504-186X

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