How to format your references using the International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kielpinski, D. Quantum physics: Quantum sound waves stick together. Nature 2015, 527, 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roeb, M.; Müller-Steinhagen, H. Engineering. Concentrating on solar electricity and fuels. Science 2010, 329, 773–774.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ge, D.-Z.; Sheng, Y.; Cai, X. Combined staurosporine and retinoic acid induces differentiation in retinoic acid resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia cell lines. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4821.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, J.A.; Seltzer, G.O.; Farber, D.L.; Rodbell, D.T.; Finkel, R.C. Early local last glacial maximum in the tropical Andes. Science 2005, 308, 678–681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick, J.B. Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9780470259955.
An edited book
Computational Collective Intelligence. Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, ICCCI 2010, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, November 10-12, 2010, Proceedings, Part II; Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M., Nguyen, N.T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6422; ISBN 9783642167317.
A chapter in an edited book
Elen, A.; Isebaert, S.; De Keyzer, F.; Himmelreich, U.; Joniau, S.; Tosco, L.; Everaerts, W.; Dresselaers, T.; Lerut, E.; Oyen, R.; et al. Validation of an Improved Patient-Specific Mold Design for Registration of In-vivo MRI and Histology of the Prostate. In Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings; Shekhar, R., Wesarg, S., González Ballester, M.Á., Drechsler, K., Sato, Y., Erdt, M., Linguraru, M.G., Oyarzun Laura, C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 36–43 ISBN 9783319464718.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power.

Blog post
Fang, J. Woody Vines Reduce A Forest’s Ability To Buffer Climate Change Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Broadcast Policies and Practices and the Board for International Broadcasting Oversight of Radio Programming; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible, P.W. Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. Peace-Talk Critic Takes Lead in Colombia Presidential Vote. New York Times 2014, A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power
ISSN (online)2504-186X

Other styles