How to format your references using the International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Church, G. Improving Genome Understanding. Nature 2013, 502, 143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartel, B.; Matsuda, S.P.T. Plant Biology. Seeing Red. Science 2003, 299, 352–353.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ismail-Zadeh, A.; Honda, S.; Tsepelev, I. Linking Mantle Upwelling with the Lithosphere Descent [Corrected] and the Japan Sea Evolution: A Hypothesis. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1137.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Armani, A.M.; Kulkarni, R.P.; Fraser, S.E.; Flagan, R.C.; Vahala, K.J. Label-Free, Single-Molecule Detection with Optical Microcavities. Science 2007, 317, 783–787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat, P. Climate Change; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119053989.
An edited book
Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems V; Hameurlain, A., Küng, J., Wagner, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7100; ISBN 9783642281471.
A chapter in an edited book
Tong, C.K.; Yong, P.K. Personalism and Paternalism in Chinese Business. In Chinese Business: Rethinking Guanxi and Trust in Chinese Business Networks; Tong, C.-K., Ed.; Springer: Singapore, 2014; pp. 63–76 ISBN 9789814451840.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power.

Blog post
Davis, J. Scientists Reverse Aging In Human Cell Line Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Research and Development: Lessons Learned from Previous Research Could Benefit FreedomCAR Initiative; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steinberg, J. The Social Construction of Beauty: Body Modification Examined Through the Lens of Social Learning Theory. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. Ed Sheeran Holds No. 1 as Drake Inches Up. New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power
ISSN (online)2504-186X

Other styles