How to format your references using the International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vousden, K.H. Apoptosis. P53 and PUMA: A Deadly Duo. Science 2005, 309, 1685–1686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B.; Harrison, T. The Evolutionary Context of the First Hominins. Nature 2011, 470, 347–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rees, M.; Koppelman, B.; Davison, N. Scientific Steps to Nuclear Disarmament. Nature 2010, 465, 290–291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lou, Z.; Minter-Dykhouse, K.; Wu, X.; Chen, J. MDC1 Is Coupled to Activated CHK2 in Mammalian DNA Damage Response Pathways. Nature 2003, 421, 957–961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl, S. Real Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118096864.
An edited book
Experiences from Surface Water Quality Monitoring: The EU Water Framework Directive Implementation in the Catalan River Basin District (Part I); Munné, A., Ginebreda, A., Prat, N., Eds.; The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 42; ISBN 9783319238944.
A chapter in an edited book
Wise, J.; Smith, G.; Salt, J.; Huey, P.; Atkins, G. Distributed Decision-Making and Control for Agile Military Radio Networks. In Defence Applications of Multi-Agent Systems: International Workshop, DAMAS 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005, Revised and Invited Papers; Thompson, S.G., Ghanea-Hercock, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 37–50 ISBN 9783540328322.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. New Dark Matter Theory Says It’s A Type Of Particle We’ve Known About For 80 Years Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Resellers: Consumer Privacy Framework Needs to Reflect Changes in Technology and the Marketplace; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutherland, K.A. The Impact of Early Childhood Programs on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, T. Thumbelina’s Secret Architect. New York Times 2016, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power
ISSN (online)2504-186X

Other styles