How to format your references using the International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schopper, H. Islam and science: where are the new patrons of science? Nature 2006, 444, 35–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duman, R.S.; Aghajanian, G.K. Synaptic dysfunction in depression: potential therapeutic targets. Science 2012, 338, 68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez, P.; Jacobson, A.G.; Jefferies, R.P.S. Paired gill slits in a fossil with a calcite skeleton. Nature 2002, 417, 841–844.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paskiewicz, D.M.; Savage, D.E.; Holt, M.V.; Evans, P.G.; Lagally, M.G. Nanomembrane-based materials for Group IV semiconductor quantum electronics. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, D. Philosophy of the Performing Arts; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781444343458.
An edited book
Novel Apoptotic Regulators in Carcinogenesis; Chen, G.G., Lai, P.B.S., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2012; ISBN 9789400749160.
A chapter in an edited book
Horvath, J.; Cameron, R. What’s a Makerspace (or Hackerspace)? In The New Shop Class: Getting Started with 3D Printing, Arduino, and Wearable Tech; Cameron, R., Ed.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2015; pp. 59–71 ISBN 9781484209059.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Ice Melting From the Inside Out Creates Frozen Waterfall Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Commercial Practices: Opportunities Exist to Reduce Aircraft Engine Support Costs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shina, Y.E. Youth under the care of the child welfare and juvenile justice systems: A grant proposal for crossover youth. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Review: ‘Finding Babel’ Retraces a Celebrated Grandfather’s Footsteps. New York Times 2016, C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power
ISSN (online)2504-186X

Other styles