How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shea K (2007) Ecology. How the wood moves. Science 315:1231–1232
A journal article with 2 authors
Najemnik J, Geisler WS (2005) Optimal eye movement strategies in visual search. Nature 434:387–391
A journal article with 3 authors
Pettinato G, Wen X, Zhang N (2014) Formation of well-defined embryoid bodies from dissociated human induced pluripotent stem cells using microfabricated cell-repellent microwell arrays. Sci Rep 4:7402
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sgamma T, Jackson A, Muleo R, et al (2014) TEMPRANILLO is a regulator of juvenility in plants. Sci Rep 4:3704

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews GG (2002) Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA
An edited book
Riccardi G (2006) Elementi di fluidodinamica: Un’introduzione per l’Ingegneria. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Kuroda M, Moon FC (2008) Local Complexity and Global Nonlinear Modes in Large Arrays of Elastic Rods in an Air Cross-Flow. In: Minai AA, Bar-Yam Y (eds) Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Over 50 Geoglyphs Discovered In Kazakhstan. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Financial Management: Actions Needed to Ensure Effective Implementation of NASA’s Accounting System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark BM (2013) Faculty Perceptions of the Importance of Internationalizing the General Education Curriculum in the Florida College System. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) A Lawyer by Day, a Runner Always. New York Times B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shea 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Najemnik and Geisler 2005; Shea 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Najemnik and Geisler 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sgamma et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Science and Technology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-288X

Other styles