How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herzberg C (2007) Geochemistry. Food for a volcanic diet. Science 316:378–379
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu ET, Love SG (2005) Gravitational tractor for towing asteroids. Nature 438:177–178
A journal article with 3 authors
Peizhen Z, Molnar P, Downs WR (2001) Increased sedimentation rates and grain sizes 2-4 Myr ago due to the influence of climate change on erosion rates. Nature 410:891–897
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu YH, Wang G, Wang RJ, et al (2007) Super plastic bulk metallic glasses at room temperature. Science 315:1385–1388

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller MA (2005) Internet Technologies Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Guo S, Wong L (eds) (2015) Revisiting Multiculturalism in Canada: Theories, Policies and Debates. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Malemud CJ (2013) Regulation of Chondrocyte Matrix Metalloproteinase Gene Expression. In: Chakraborti S, Dhalla NS (eds) Proteases in Health and Disease. Springer, New York, NY, pp 63–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Destruction of Amazon Rainforest Visible From Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Services to Indian Head Start Grantees Under a Special Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bermudez D (2008) The effects of Hispanic parent-adolescent biculturalism disparity on male adolescent delinquency. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Stars as Teammates: Not a New Concept. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herzberg 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lu and Love 2005; Herzberg 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Love 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Science and Technology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-288X

Other styles