How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bird A (2007) Perceptions of epigenetics. Nature 447:396–398
A journal article with 2 authors
Knesel KM, Davidson JP (2002) Insights into collisional magmatism from isotopic fingerprints of melting reactions. Science 296:2206–2208
A journal article with 3 authors
Tex DM, Kamiya I, Kanemitsu Y (2014) Control of hot-carrier relaxation for realizing ideal quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells. Sci Rep 4:4125
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tarduno J, Bunge H-P, Sleep N, Hansen U (2009) The bent Hawaiian-Emperor hotspot track: inheriting the mantle wind. Science 324:50–53

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ma AD, Roberts HR, Escobar MA (2012) Hemophilia and Hemostasis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Rjasanow S (2007) The Fast Solution of Boundary Integral Equations. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Fisch MJ (2009) Fatigue. In: Ettinger DS (ed) Supportive Care in Cancer Therapy. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 87–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) A ‘Sixth Sense’ For Humidity Helps Insects Stay Out Of Climatic Trouble. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bonilla E (2017) Parental Employment Status and Child Feeding Practices Among African American and Latina Adolescent Girls. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR N (2016) Russia’s Government Does Little as H.I.V. Cases Surpass a Million. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bird 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Knesel and Davidson 2002; Bird 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knesel and Davidson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tarduno et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Science and Technology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-288X

Other styles