How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zahnle K (2001) Decline and fall of the empire. Nature 412:209–213
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonenberg N, Pause A (2006) Signal transduction. Protein synthesis and oncogenesis meet again. Science 314:428–429
A journal article with 3 authors
Randau L, Schröder I, Söll D (2008) Life without RNase P. Nature 453:120–123
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ko W, Jeon I, Kim HW, et al (2013) Atomic and electronic structure of an alloyed topological insulator, Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3. Sci Rep 3:2656

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao KR, Bojkovic ZS, Milovanovic DA (2005) Introduction to Multimedia Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cai L, Cheng S-W, Lam T-W (eds) (2013) Algorithms and Computation: 24th International Symposium, ISAAC 2013, Hong Kong, China, December 16-18, 2013, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Brockmann JM, Roese-Koerner L, Schuh W-D (2014) Use of High Performance Computing for the Rigorous Estimation of Very High Degree Spherical Harmonic Gravity Field Models. In: Marti U (ed) Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems: Proceedings of the IAG Symposium GGHS2012, October 9-12, 2012, Venice, Italy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 27–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) September Was The Warmest Month On Record, Meaning It’s Now All But Certain 2016 Will Be The Warmest Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Information Technology: OMB Leadership Critical to Making Needed Enterprise Architecture and E-government Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnett J (2017) Understanding gender differences in teachers’ level of insight as it relates to ADHD. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2016) Workout Not Required. New York Times F3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zahnle 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Zahnle 2001; Sonenberg and Pause 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonenberg and Pause 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ko et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Science and Technology
AbbreviationBraz. J. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-288X

Other styles