How to format your references using the Biochemistry and Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry and Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. 2010. Joining forces. Nature 466(7304): S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollmer, S.V., and Palumbi, S.R. 2002. Hybridization and the evolution of reef coral diversity. Science 296(5575): 2023–2025.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salganik, M.J., Dodds, P.S., and Watts, D.J. 2006. Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science 311(5762): 854–856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Farooqi, I.S., Keogh, J.M., Kamath, S., Jones, S., Gibson, W.T., Trussell, R., Jebb, S.A., Lip, G.Y., and O’Rahilly, S. 2001. Partial leptin deficiency and human adiposity. Nature 414(6859): 34–35.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misstear, B., Banks, D., and Clark, L. 2017. Water Wells and Boreholes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Paris, J., and Phillips, J. (Editors). 2013. Making the DSM-5: Concepts and Controversies. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Almalfouh, S.M., and Stüber, G.L. 2009. Interference Aware Subcarrier and Power Allocation in OFDMA-Based Cognitive Radio Networks. In Multi-Carrier Systems & Solutions 2009. Edited by S. Plass, A. Dammann, S. Kaiser, and K. Fazel. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry and Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, January 30. Video shows Earth’s seasons as seen from space. IFLScience. Available from [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Social Security: Service to the Public--Accuracy of the 800 Phone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curti, C.L. 2017. Talking About Science Interests: The Importance of Feedback Appraisals When Students Talk About Their Interests in STEM. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. 2017, August 17. C.E.O.s Long Avoided Politics. Trump Is Changing the Calculus. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Vollmer and Palumbi 2002; Willyard 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vollmer and Palumbi 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Farooqi et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry and Cell Biology
AbbreviationBiochem. Cell Biol.
ISSN (print)0829-8211
ISSN (online)1208-6002
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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