How to format your references using the Climatic Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climatic Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2002) Babies’ cancer screens “not needed.” Nature 416:356
A journal article with 2 authors
Anversa P, Nadal-Ginard B (2002) Myocyte renewal and ventricular remodelling. Nature 415:240–243
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor J, Zheng X, Zhou Z (2013) Zheng et al. reply. Nature 499:E1-2
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Weinreich DM, Delaney NF, Depristo MA, Hartl DL (2006) Darwinian evolution can follow only very few mutational paths to fitter proteins. Science 312:111–114

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris SA (2011) Food and Package Engineering. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Wehnert T (2007) European Energy Futures 2030: Technology and Social Visions from the European Energy Delphi Survey. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mapesa EU, Tress M, Reiche M, Kremer F (2014) Molecular Dynamics of Poly(cis-1,4-Isoprene) in 1- and 2-Dimensional Confinement. In: Kremer F (ed) Dynamics in Geometrical Confinement. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climatic Change.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Amazing Video Shows Our Solar System To Scale Across Seven Miles Of Desert. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) National Transportation Safety Board: Reauthorization Provides an Opportunity to Focus on Implementing Leading Management Practices and Addressing Human Capital and Training Center Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pugh AN (2010) Adoption is an option: A personal narrative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Refurbishing a Courthouse, If Not Its Reputation. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Anversa and Nadal-Ginard 2002; Abbott 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anversa and Nadal-Ginard 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Weinreich et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimatic Change
AbbreviationClim. Change
ISSN (print)0165-0009
ISSN (online)1573-1480
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change

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