How to format your references using the Climatic Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climatic Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crampton J (2011) Paleontology. What drives biodiversity changes? Science 334:1073–1074
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLean RC, Gudelj I (2006) Resource competition and social conflict in experimental populations of yeast. Nature 441:498–501
A journal article with 3 authors
Li D, Zhang P, Yan J (2014) Ab initio molecular dynamics study of high-pressure melting of beryllium oxide. Sci Rep 4:4707
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lelieveld J, Bourtsoukidis E, Brühl C, et al (2018) The South Asian monsoon-pollution pump and purifier. Science 361:270–273

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandridis AK, Zapranis AD (2014) Wavelet Neural Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Embley DW, Olivé A, Ram S (eds) (2006) Conceptual Modeling - ER 2006: 25th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, Tucson, AZ, USA, November 6-9, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bollobás B, Füredi Z, Kantor I, et al (2014) A coding problem for pairs of subsets. In: Matoušek J, Nešetřil J, Pellegrini M (eds) Geometry, Structure and Randomness in Combinatorics. Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, pp 47–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climatic Change.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) Parasitic Mites Pick The Most Nutritious Honeybees. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugg J (2012) Small Graces: Mapping a Route of Beauty to the Heart of the World. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Turmoil Continues at Pandora Media As C.E.O. Joins Management Exodus. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crampton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (MacLean and Gudelj 2006; Crampton 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLean and Gudelj 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lelieveld et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimatic Change
AbbreviationClim. Change
ISSN (print)0165-0009
ISSN (online)1573-1480
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change

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