How to format your references using the Climatic Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climatic Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Riley S (2007) Large-scale spatial-transmission models of infectious disease. Science 316:1298–1301
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo ME, Huybers P (2008) Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages. Nature 451:284–285
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu H, Gan J, Jonas P (2014) Interneurons. Fast-spiking, parvalbumin+ GABAergic interneurons: from cellular design to microcircuit function. Science 345:1255263
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dominguez-Medina S, Fostner S, Defoort M, et al (2018) Neutral mass spectrometry of virus capsids above 100 megadaltons with nanomechanical resonators. Science 362:918–922

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M (2012) Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Piccart MJ, Hung M-C, Solin LJ, et al (eds) (2006) Breast Cancer and Molecular Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gao L, Yu S, Luan TH, Zhou W (2015) Data Dissemination in Delay Tolerant Networks with Geographic Information. In: Yu S, Luan TH, Zhou W (eds) Delay Tolerant Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climatic Change.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Gut microbe therapy reduces autism-like symptoms in mice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) K-12 Education: Education Needs to Improve Oversight of Its 21st Century Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson RS (2008) Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen J, Fink S (2017) Pentagon Unit Considered Establishing a Secret Overseas Prison. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Riley 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Riley 2007; Raymo and Huybers 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo and Huybers 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dominguez-Medina et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimatic Change
AbbreviationClim. Change
ISSN (print)0165-0009
ISSN (online)1573-1480
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change

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