How to format your references using the Climatic Change citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climatic Change. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ott E (2008) Obituary: Edward N. Lorenz (1917-2008). Nature 453:300
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowan L, Coontz R (2002) Great balls of fire. Star formation: a Web supplement. Science 295:63
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu W, Wen X, Wang ZL (2013) Taxel-addressable matrix of vertical-nanowire piezotronic transistors for active and adaptive tactile imaging. Science 340:952–957
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhou Y, Yao Y, Chen C-Y, et al (2014) The use of polyimide-modified aluminum nitride fillers in AlN@PI/epoxy composites with enhanced thermal conductivity for electronic encapsulation. Sci Rep 4:4779

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laheurte J-M, Ripoll C, Paret D, Loussert C (2014) UHF RFID Technologies for Identification and Traceability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Branke J, Deb K, Miettinen K, Słowiński R (eds) (2008) Multiobjective Optimization: Interactive and Evolutionary Approaches. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Telegeev I, Voronin E, Pakhlov E (2011) Modification of Nanosilica Surface by Methyl Methacrylate Silane Coupling Agents. In: Reithmaier JP, Paunovic P, Kulisch W, et al. (eds) Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climatic Change.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Large African Cat Spotted On Vancouver Island. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Telecommunications: Actions Needed for Better Management of Public Safety Spectrum. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Macy P (2017) Underachievement in Gifted Students: Understanding Perceptions of Educational Experiences, Attitudes Toward School, and Teacher Training. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla S (2015) 69 Red Flags Catch Up to a Broker. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ott 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rowan and Coontz 2002; Ott 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowan and Coontz 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimatic Change
AbbreviationClim. Change
ISSN (print)0165-0009
ISSN (online)1573-1480
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Global and Planetary Change

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