How to format your references using the Animal Reproduction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Reproduction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitmire, K.H., 2010. Chemistry. Molecular donuts and donut holes. Science 327, 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jung, J., Bonini, N., 2007. CREB-binding protein modulates repeat instability in a Drosophila model for polyQ disease. Science 315, 1857–1859.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, D.M., Overpeck, J.T., Gupta, A.K., 2002. Increase in the Asian southwest monsoon during the past four centuries. Science 297, 596–599.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, W.P., Li, Q., Xiong, Y.Q., Zhang, Q.M., Wang, D.H., Cao, Q.Q., Lv, L.Y., Du, Y.W., 2014. Electric field manipulation of magnetic and transport properties in SrRuO3/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 heterostructure. Sci. Rep. 4, 6991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden, B.J., 2010. Wealth Creation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Spector, J.M., Ifenthaler, D., Sampson, D.G., Isaias, P. (Eds.), 2016. Competencies in Teaching, Learning and Educational Leadership in the Digital Age: Papers from CELDA 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Velychko, L., 2016. Two-Dimensionally Periodic Gratings: Pulsed and Steady-State Waves in an Irregular Floquet Channel, in: Sirenko, Y., Velychko, L. (Eds.), Electromagnetic Waves in Complex Systems: Selected Theoretical and Applied Problems, Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 187–224.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Reproduction Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Anemone Eats A Seabird [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Common Interests of Government and Schools of Business and Administration in Improving Management in Government (No. 094536). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pepper, I., 2010. On the Difference between Serialism and Seriality (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2008. Cuban Comfort. New York Times NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whitmire, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Jung and Bonini, 2007; Whitmire, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jung and Bonini, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Reproduction Science
AbbreviationAnim. Reprod. Sci.
ISSN (print)0378-4320
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
Food Animals

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