How to format your references using the Animal Reproduction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Reproduction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Osheroff, D.D., 2013. Robert Richardson (1937-2013). Nature 495, 450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottfried, K., Salpeter, E.E., 2005. Obituary: Hans A. Bethe (1906-2005). Nature 434, 970–971.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weidinger, M., Møller, P., Fynbo, J.P.U., 2004. The Lyman-alpha glow of gas falling into the dark matter halo of a z = 3 galaxy. Nature 430, 999–1001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, M., Chen, D., Shiloh, A., Luo, J., Nikolaev, A.Y., Qin, J., Gu, W., 2002. Deubiquitination of p53 by HAUSP is an important pathway for p53 stabilization. Nature 416, 648–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H., 2012. Building Physics - Heat, Air and Moisture. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Kempken, F. (Ed.), 2011. Plant Mitochondria, Advances in Plant Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanescu, L., Burdescu, D.D., Brezovan, M., Mihai, C.G., 2012. Medical Images Annotation, in: Burdescu, D.D., Brezovan, M., Mihai, C.G. (Eds.), Creating New Medical Ontologies for Image Annotation: A Case Study, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Reproduction Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Australia’s Mammals Are On The Edge [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Information Technology Reform: Billions of Dollars in Savings Have Been Realized, but Agencies Need to Complete Reinvestment Plans (No. GAO-15-617). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavoie, D., 2010. Ecotone (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Bright, Playful, Swiss. New York Times E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Osheroff, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gottfried and Salpeter, 2005; Osheroff, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottfried and Salpeter, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Reproduction Science
AbbreviationAnim. Reprod. Sci.
ISSN (print)0378-4320
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
Food Animals

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