How to format your references using the Animal Reproduction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Reproduction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wegner, G., 2011. Cosmology: gravity tested on large scales. Nature 477, 541–543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Witt, E., Ashworth, A., 2002. Biomedicine. D-Day for BRCA2. Science 297, 534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silvarolla, M.B., Mazzafera, P., Fazuoli, L.C., 2004. Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature 429, 826.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, J., Ritalahti, K.M., Yang, K.-L., Koenigsberg, S.S., Löffler, F.E., 2003. Detoxification of vinyl chloride to ethene coupled to growth of an anaerobic bacterium. Nature 424, 62–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk, R.D., Lintott, J.W., 2011. Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Moreira, P.M.G.P., Silva, L.F.M. da, Castro, P.M.S.T. de (Eds.), 2012. Structural Connections for Lightweight Metallic Structures, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakawa, M., Nishizaki, I., 2009. Cooperative Decision Making in Hierarchical Organizations, in: Nishizaki, I., Sakawa, M. (Eds.), Cooperative and Noncooperative Multi-Level Programming, Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 83–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Reproduction Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Was The Solar System Jump-Started By A Supernova? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Human Factors: FAA’s Guidance and Oversight of Pilot Crew Resource Management Training Can Be Improved (No. RCED-98-7). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haug, J.J., 2010. A summer literacy intervention for struggling readers at the middle school level using strategies in comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, and positive school climate to improve reading comprehension: An evaluation study (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., Vlasic, B., 2016. Volvo Makes Comeback With Return to Its Values. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wegner, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Wegner, 2011; Witt and Ashworth, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Witt and Ashworth, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Reproduction Science
AbbreviationAnim. Reprod. Sci.
ISSN (print)0378-4320
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
Food Animals

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