How to format your references using the Animal Reproduction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Reproduction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackman, N., 2008. Triggers, targets and treatments for thrombosis. Nature 451, 914–918.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, A., Perrimon, N., 2006. A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling. Nature 444, 230–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson, D.G., Parman, S.W., Nowell, G.M., 2007. A link between large mantle melting events and continent growth seen in osmium isotopes. Nature 449, 202–205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rabone, J., Yue, Y.-F., Chong, S.Y., Stylianou, K.C., Bacsa, J., Bradshaw, D., Darling, G.R., Berry, N.G., Khimyak, Y.Z., Ganin, A.Y., Wiper, P., Claridge, J.B., Rosseinsky, M.J., 2010. An adaptable peptide-based porous material. Science 329, 1053–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poikselkä, M., Mayer, G., Khartabil, H., Niemi, A., 2004. The IMS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gianin, E.R., 2007. Esercizi di finanza matematica, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Imberti, L., Tolio, T., 2005. Manufacturability Models for Manufacturing E-Marketplaces, in: Perrone, G., Bruccoleri, M., Renna, P. (Eds.), Designing and Evaluating Value Added Services in Manufacturing E-Market Places. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Reproduction Science.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. Survey Off Alaska Discovers Multiple New Types of Deep Water-Dwelling Fish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Federal Aviation Administration: Efforts to Hire, Staff, and Train Air Traffic Controllers Are Generally on Track, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-08-908T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo, N.L., 2014. A continuing bonds grief support group for Latinas who have lost a child: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., Fernandez, M., 2016. Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman and Perrimon, 2006; Mackman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman and Perrimon, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Rabone et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Reproduction Science
AbbreviationAnim. Reprod. Sci.
ISSN (print)0378-4320
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
Food Animals

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