How to format your references using the Animal Reproduction Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Reproduction Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lusk, C., 2003. Plant ecology: Tree-species competition and coexistence. Nature 422, 580–1; discussion 852.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fowler, J.H., Schreiber, D., 2008. Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature. Science 322, 912–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck, A.L., Turner, S.M., Liss, P.S., 2002. Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science 297, 1151–1154.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, S., Sanderson, M.W., White, B.J., Amrine, D.E., Lanzas, C., 2013. Temporal-spatial heterogeneity in animal-environment contact: implications for the exposure and transmission of pathogens. Sci. Rep. 3, 3112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J.M., 2014. Wiley Gaap 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wu, Y. (Ed.), 2012. Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Schumann, A.H., Wang, Y., Dietrich, J., 2011. Framing Uncertainties in Flood Forecasting with Ensembles, in: Schumann, A.H. (Ed.), Flood Risk Assessment and Management: How to Specify Hydrological Loads, Their Consequences and Uncertainties. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Reproduction Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Print Your Own Dinosaur! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Labor Market Problems of Teenagers Result Largely From Doing Poorly in School (No. PAD-82-06). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurum, M., 2009. L-band estimation of forest canopy attenuation by a time-domain analysis of radar backscatter response (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Landler, M., Kanter, J., 2017. Trump’s Message to Nato is Pay Up, Not ‘All for One.’ New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lusk, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fowler and Schreiber, 2008; Lusk, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fowler and Schreiber, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Reproduction Science
AbbreviationAnim. Reprod. Sci.
ISSN (print)0378-4320
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
Food Animals

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