How to format your references using the Climate Change Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Economics (CCE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G (2003). Physicists doubt that “corking” could help baseball’s big hitter. Nature, 423(6941), 674.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackinnon, MJ, and K Marsh (2010). The selection landscape of malaria parasites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 866–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bauer, P, A Thorpe, and G Brunet (2015). The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction. Nature, 525(7567), 47–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Crampton, JS, AG Beu, RA Cooper, CM Jones, B Marshall, and PA Maxwell (2003). Estimating the rock volume bias in paleobiodiversity studies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 358–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin, BR (2006). Nuclear and Particle Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Blanke, M (2016). Diagnosis and Fault-Tolerant Control. 3rd ed. 2016, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, V, and SK Verma (2012). Commercial Importance. In Pharmacology of Bombax Ceiba Linn, S.K. Verma (ed.). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A (2016). Incredible New Images Of Mars Are So High-Res, You Can See Beagle 2 On The Surface. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). FTA New York Mass Transit Grants: False Statements to FTA Grantee/Grantee Violations of Contracting Policy No. OSI-92-7 U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Ros, KM (2008). A content analysis of television ads: Does current practice maximize cognitive processing?Doctoral dissertationIndiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, MW (2010). Fresh Details on the Fed Rescue of A.I.G.’s Insurance Units. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2003; Mackinnon and Marsh, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackinnon and Marsh, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Crampton et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Economics
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Econ. (Singap)
ISSN (print)2010-0078
ISSN (online)2010-0086

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