How to format your references using the Climate Change Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Economics (CCE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manoharan, VN (2015). COLLOIDS. Colloidal matter: Packing, geometry, and entropy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 1253751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellington, AD, and JJ Bull (2005). Evolution. Changing the cofactor diet of an enzyme. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ottosen, S, FJ Herrera, and SJ Triezenberg (2002). Transcription. Proteasome parts at gene promoters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5567), 479–481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knauth, DC, SR Federman, DL Lambert, and P Crane (2000). Newly synthesized lithium in the interstellar medium. Nature, 405(6787), 656–658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson, J, T Hyde, and S Ahmad (2008). Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Holden, H, and R Piene (eds.) (2010). The Abel Prize: 2003–2007 The First Five Years. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yokoi, H, K Matsumura, and Y Sumi (2013). Visualization of Life Patterns through Deformation of Maps Based on Users’ Movement Data. In Active Media Technology: 9th International Conference, AMT 2013, Maebashi, Japan, October 29-31, 2013, Proceedings, T. Yoshida, G. Kou, A. Skowron, J. Cao, H. Hacid, N. Zhong (eds.). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R (2017). Scientists Forced To Write Studies To Refute Scott Pruitt’s Climate Denial Bullshit. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Request for Reformation of Contract No. B-178078 U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moris, FA (2015). International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC SubsidiariesDoctoral dissertationGeorge Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J (1972). Betterton, Generously, Still Calls Itself a Resort; Betterton Still Calls Itself a Resort. New York Times, TRAVEL AND RESORTSXX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manoharan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Manoharan, 2015; Ellington and Bull, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellington and Bull, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Knauth et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Economics
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Econ. (Singap)
ISSN (print)2010-0078
ISSN (online)2010-0086

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