How to format your references using the Climate Change Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Economics (CCE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schooler, JW (2014). Metascience could rescue the “replication crisis.” Nature, 515(7525), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laughlin, SB, and TJ Sejnowski (2003). Communication in neuronal networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5641), 1870–1874.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakagaki, T, H Yamada, and A Tóth (2000). Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism. Nature, 407(6803), 470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Osterlund, MT, CS Hardtke, N Wei, and XW Deng (2000). Targeted destabilization of HY5 during light-regulated development of Arabidopsis. Nature, 405(6785), 462–466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nikrityuk, PA (2011). Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ammari, HM (ed.) (2014). The Art of Wireless Sensor Networks: Volume 2: Advanced Topics and Applications. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Visscher, MO, and SB Hoath (2006). Diaper Dermatitis. In Irritant Dermatitis, A.-L. Chew, H.I. Maibach (eds.). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B (2016). Electric Shocks To The Brain Help People Navigate A Maze Without Even Seeing It. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Telecommunications: Impact of Sports Programming Costs on Cable Television Rates No. RCED-99-136 U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kwon, Y (2009). Extreme value estimators: Their long memory feature and forecasting performances in the U.S. stock indexesDoctoral dissertationGeorge Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L (2007). If the Pay’s “Confidential,” It Just Disappeared. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schooler, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schooler, 2014; Laughlin and Sejnowski, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laughlin and Sejnowski, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Osterlund et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Economics
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Econ. (Singap)
ISSN (print)2010-0078
ISSN (online)2010-0086

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