How to format your references using the Climate Change Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Change Economics (CCE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N (2012). Technology: the taste of things to come. Nature, 486(7403), S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Purvis, A, and A Hector (2000). Getting the measure of biodiversity. Nature, 405(6783), 212–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S, HN Pollack, and PY Shen (2000). Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature, 403(6771), 756–758.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zehr, JP, SR Bench, BJ Carter, I Hewson, F Niazi, T Shi, HJ Tripp, and JP Affourtit (2008). Globally distributed uncultivated oceanic N2-fixing cyanobacteria lack oxygenic photosystem II. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5904), 1110–1112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin, M (2016). Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bartocci, E, P Lio, and N Paoletti (eds.) (2016). Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 9859, Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilcock, N, and C Scholz (2016). A Convoy Model of Globalisation. In Hartmut Elsenhans and a Critique of Capitalism: Conversations on Theory and Policy Implications, C. Scholz (ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Change Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E (2015). Coydogs And Lynxcats And Pizzlies, Oh My. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Perchlorate: Occurrence Is Widespread but at Varying Levels; Federal Agencies Have Taken Some Actions to Respond to and Lessen Releases No. GAO-10-769 U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dale, B (2012). Changing how we change: A case study of Escondido Union School DistrictDoctoral dissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K (2007). Filipino Fast Food to Linger Over. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Savage, 2012; Purvis and Hector, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Purvis and Hector, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zehr et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Change Economics
AbbreviationClim. Chang. Econ. (Singap)
ISSN (print)2010-0078
ISSN (online)2010-0086

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