How to format your references using the Bulletin of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. 2009. Arms pact could boost US-Russian science. Nature 460: 316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teague BP, Weiss R. 2015. SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Synthetic communities, the sum of parts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349: 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panda S, Hogenesch JB, Kay SA. 2002. Circadian rhythms from flies to human. Nature 417: 329–335.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang T, Sun L, Long N, Wang Y, Huang W. 2013. Penguin tissue as a proxy for relative krill abundance in East Antarctica during the Holocene. Scientific reports 3: 2807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Han CC, Akcasu AZ. 2011. Scattering and Dynamics of Polymers. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Fontani M. 2016. Chemistry and Chemists in Florence: From the Last of the Medici Family to the European Magnetic Resonance Center. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Beggs EJ, Costa JF, Tucker JV. 2012. Unifying Science Through Computation: Reflections on Computability and Physics. In: O Pombo, JM Torres, J Symons, and S Rahman, editor. Special Sciences and the Unity of Science Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. p. 53–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Marine Science.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds: Examples from Selected GAO Work. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison C. 2009. Who am I? Identity formation of children in foster care: A curriculum development. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L. 2006. A Neighborhood Rises From the Waterfront. New York Times RE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2009, Teague and Weiss 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teague and Weiss 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Marine Science
AbbreviationBull. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-4977
ISSN (online)1553-6955
ScopeAquatic Science

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