How to format your references using the Bulletin of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLisi C. 2008. Meetings that changed the world: Santa Fe 1986: Human genome baby-steps. Nature 455: 876–877.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field CB, Barros VR. 2015. CLIMATE CHANGE. Added value from IPCC approval sessions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350: 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chait R, Craney A, Kishony R. 2007. Antibiotic interactions that select against resistance. Nature 446: 668–671.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Valiyaveetil FI, Leonetti M, Muir TW, Mackinnon R. 2006. Ion selectivity in a semisynthetic K+ channel locked in the conductive conformation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314: 1004–1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw MC, Guthner MW. 2016. The Options Edge + Free Trial. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2008. Designing Green Landscapes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Federle MP. 2005. Use of Imaging Techniques to Screen for Hepatocellular Carcinoma. In: BI Carr, editor. Hepatocellular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. p. 117–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. DOD Education Benefits: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey KM. 2017. A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. 2017. Patinkin Bows Out Of ‘Comet.’ New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLisi 2008).
This sentence cites two references (DeLisi 2008, Field and Barros 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Barros 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Valiyaveetil et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Marine Science
AbbreviationBull. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-4977
ISSN (online)1553-6955
ScopeAquatic Science

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