How to format your references using the Bulletin of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. 2004. Drug target identification: a question of biology. Nature 428: 225–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner G, Zamore PD. 2002. A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 2056–2060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayden EJ, Ferrada E, Wagner A. 2011. Cryptic genetic variation promotes rapid evolutionary adaptation in an RNA enzyme. Nature 474: 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomson JP, Skene PJ, Selfridge J, Clouaire T, Guy J, Webb S, Kerr ARW, Deaton A, Andrews R, James KD, Turner DJ, Illingworth R, Bird A. 2010. CpG islands influence chromatin structure via the CpG-binding protein Cfp1. Nature 464: 1082–1086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fong ACM, Hui SC. 2006. Multimedia Engineering. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
2013. Farm animal proteomics 2013: Proceedings of the 4th Management Committee Meeting and 3rd Meeting of Working Groups 1, 2 & 3 of COST Action FA1002 Košice, Slovakia 25-26 April 2013. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Busnel P, Giroux S. 2010. Security, Privacy, and Dependability in Smart Homes: A Pattern Catalog Approach. In: Y Lee, ZZ Bien, M Mokhtari, JT Kim, M Park, J Kim, H Lee, and I Khalil, editor. Aging Friendly Technology for Health and Independence: 8th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2010, Seoul, Korea, June 22-24, 2010. Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p. 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad AB. 2010. Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. 2017. Tampa Teams Fund Removal of Monument. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hutvágner and Zamore 2002, Smith 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutvágner and Zamore 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomson et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Marine Science
AbbreviationBull. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-4977
ISSN (online)1553-6955
ScopeAquatic Science

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