How to format your references using the Bulletin of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frazzetto G. 2012. Neuroscience: Powerful acts. Nature 482: 466–467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta E, Kaitala V. 2005. Ecology. A leap for lion populations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 365–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA. 2001. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 89–92.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bowen GJ, Beerling DJ, Koch PL, Zachos JC, Quattlebaum T. 2004. A humid climate state during the Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum. Nature 432: 495–499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao J. 2015. Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Circuit Design. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
2010. Ultrasound Contrast Agents: Targeting and Processing Methods for Theranostics. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu MQ, Qiao Y, Lu ED, Tan Y. 2015. Guidance for Application Materials/Booklets (Chemical). In: MQ Lu, editor. Approaching China’s Pharmaceutical Market: A Fundamental Guide to Clinical Drug Development Cham: Springer International Publishing. p. 329–434.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Marine Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Competition: Issues on Establishing and Using Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seyed Jalali Aghdam SM. 2015. Silica aerogel, an alternative to micromachined air gap for thermal insulation of microheaters. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee V. 2015. Eight Passengers’ Deaths Echo Across the Region and the World. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frazzetto 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ranta and Kaitala 2005, Frazzetto 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranta and Kaitala 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bowen et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Marine Science
AbbreviationBull. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-4977
ISSN (online)1553-6955
ScopeAquatic Science

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