How to format your references using the Bulletin of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hallonsten O. 2015. Europe needs fresh focus on big-science projects. Nature 518: 275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard JAK, Probert MR. 2014. Cutting-edge techniques used for the structural investigation of single crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343: 1098–1102.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pool JA, Lobkovsky E, Chirik PJ. 2004. Hydrogenation and cleavage of dinitrogen to ammonia with a zirconium complex. Nature 427: 527–530.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goodman MB, Ernstrom GG, Chelur DS, O’Hagan R, Yao CA, Chalfie M. 2002. MEC-2 regulates C. elegans DEG/ENaC channels needed for mechanosensation. Nature 415: 1039–1042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benitez M, Davidson J, Flaxman L. 2009. Small Schools, Big Ideas. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
2012. Journeys to Data Mining: Experiences from 15 Renowned Researchers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Karachentsev ID, Karachentseva V, Huchtmeier W, Makarov D, Kaisin S, Sharina M, Makarova L. 2008. Mining the Local Volume. In: H Jerjen and BS Koribalski, editor. Galaxies in the Local Volume Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. p. 21–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisblatt BH. 2010. The numinous on Russian soil: A depth psychological interpretation of religious experience in “The Brothers Karamazov.” Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Stevenson A. 2016. New Scrutiny for JPMorgan in China Hiring. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hallonsten 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Howard and Probert 2014, Hallonsten 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Howard and Probert 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Goodman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Marine Science
AbbreviationBull. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-4977
ISSN (online)1553-6955
ScopeAquatic Science

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