How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schnitzer MJ. Biological computation: amazing algorithms. Nature 2002;416:683.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kirwan ML, Megonigal JP. Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise. Nature 2013;504:53–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Euston DR, Tatsuno M, McNaughton BL. Fast-forward playback of recent memory sequences in prefrontal cortex during sleep. Science 2007;318:1147–1150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. LaBella VP, Bullock DW, Ding Z, et al. Spatially resolved spin-injection probability for gallium arsenide. Science 2001;292:1518–1521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fjeld RA, Eisenberg NA, Compton KL. Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Jeglic EL, Calkins C eds. Sexual Violence: Evidence Based Policy and Prevention. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kim-Prieto C, Diener E, Tamir M, Scollon C, Diener M. Integrating the Diverse Definitions of Happiness: A Time-Sequential Framework of Subjective Well-Being. In: Delle Fave A, editor. The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives. Happiness Studies Book Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. pp. 47–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Three Dogs Had A Nasty Run-In With A Porcupine. IFLScience. Published November 6, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Guaranteed Student Loan Program Vulnerabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kranz TE. Body, Land, and Memory: Counter-Narratives in the Poetry of Minnie Bruce Pratt, Brenda Marie Osbey, and Natasha Trethewey [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Williams J. A Different View of London. New York Times 2016:BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Med.
ISSN (print)0740-3194
ISSN (online)1522-2594
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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