How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Powell K. Analyse this. Nature 2004;431:880–881.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kara P, Boyd JD. A micro-architecture for binocular disparity and ocular dominance in visual cortex. Nature 2009;458:627–631.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chuang Y-C, Wu J-Y, Lin M-F. Electric field dependence of excitation spectra in AB-stacked bilayer graphene. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1368.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kosmeier S, De Luca AC, Zolotovskaya S, Di Falco A, Dholakia K, Mazilu M. Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wystup U. FX Options and Structured Products. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Torres DF, Reimer O eds. Cosmic Rays in Star-Forming Environments: Proceedings of the Second Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Singh RB, Singh S. Human-Induced Biome and Livelihood Security. In: Singh RB, Hietala R, editors. Livelihood Security in Northwestern Himalaya: Case Studies from Changing Socio-economic Environments in Himachal Pradesh, India. Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. pp. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Drunken Monkeys? Only Humans Really Don’t Know When They’ve Had Enough. IFLScience. Published June 11, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: Status of Efforts to Improve Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jiang W. Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos [Doctoral dissertation]. New York, NY: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM, Steel E. Hannity Defends Fox News Leader. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Med.
ISSN (print)0740-3194
ISSN (online)1522-2594
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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