How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Janssen MA. Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012). Nature 2012;487:172.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brossard D, Scheufele DA. Social science. Science, new media, and the public. Science 2013;339:40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hsu M, Anen C, Quartz SR. The right and the good: distributive justice and neural encoding of equity and efficiency. Science 2008;320:1092–1095.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Miyamaru F, Morita H, Nishiyama Y, et al. Ultrafast optical control of group delay of narrow-band terahertz waves. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:4346.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sturges RH Jr. Practical Field Robotics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Maheshwari DK ed. Bacterial Metabolites in Sustainable Agroecosystem. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Farley R, Wang X. Roving Bugnet: Distributed Surveillance Threat and Mitigation. In: Gritzalis D, Lopez J, editors. Emerging Challenges for Security, Privacy and Trust: 24th IFIP TC 11 International Information Security Conference, SEC 2009, Pafos, Cyprus, May 18–20, 2009. Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. How To Stop A Zombie Apocalypse – With Science. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-to-stop-a-zombie-apocalypse-with-science/. Published August 18, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Slow Progress in Making Aircraft Cabin Interiors Fireproof. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shelton-Quinn A. Increasing positive peer reporting and on -task behavior using a peer monitoring interdependent group contingency program with public posting [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Serious Knee Injury Fells Mattek-Sands. New York Times 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,1).
This sentence cites four references (1,1,1,1).

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Med.
ISSN (print)0740-3194
ISSN (online)1522-2594
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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