How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Monastersky R. Shooting for the moon. Nature 2009;460:314–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Huber C, Wächtershäuser G. alpha-Hydroxy and alpha-amino acids under possible Hadean, volcanic origin-of-life conditions. Science 2006;314:630–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Meissner M, Schlüter D, Soldati D. Role of Toxoplasma gondii myosin A in powering parasite gliding and host cell invasion. Science 2002;298:837–840.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sreekanth KV, Krishna KH, De Luca A, Strangi G. Large spontaneous emission rate enhancement in grating coupled hyperbolic metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lee Abbott M, McKinney J. Understanding and Applying Research Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Mense S, Gerwin RD eds. Muscle Pain: Diagnosis and Treatment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dekhtyar Y, Perovicha K, Soudnikovich A. Approach to the Silicon Sensor with Pre-threshold Electron Emission Readout to Detect Exhaled Breath Gases. In: Dekhtyar Y, Katashev A, Lancere L, editors. International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, 10-12 October, 2012, Riga, Latvia. IFMBE Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. pp. 15–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Equal But not The Same: A Male Bias Reigns In Medical Research. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/equal-not-same-male-bias-reigns-medical-research/. Published February 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Contracting for Information Technology Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alameddine A. Perceptions of executives from seven selected companies of the use of social media in marketing practices [Doctoral dissertation]. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Maybe Bradley Should Make the First Move. New York Times 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
AbbreviationMagn. Reson. Med.
ISSN (print)0740-3194
ISSN (online)1522-2594
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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