How to format your references using the Climacteric citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climacteric. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
El-Azab A. Materials science. The statistical mechanics of strain-hardened metals. Science. 2008 Jun 27;320(5884):1729–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clem RL, Huganir RL. Calcium-permeable AMPA receptor dynamics mediate fear memory erasure. Science. 2010 Nov 19;330(6007):1108–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hermans TM, Frauenrath H, Stellacci F. Materials science. Droplets out of equilibrium. Science. 2013 Jul 19;341(6143):243–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ordovas-Montanes J, Dwyer DF, Nyquist SK, Buchheit KM, Vukovic M, Deb C, et al. Allergic inflammatory memory in human respiratory epithelial progenitor cells. Nature. 2018 Aug;560(7720):649–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt P, Körber R, Coppers M. Sieben und Siebmaschinen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2003.
An edited book
Sobh T, editor. Innovations and Advances in Computer Sciences and Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. XVII, 589 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Saad APBM, Syahrom A, Harun MN, Kadir MRA. Effect of Design Parameter Towards Wear Generation. In: Syahrom A, Harun MN, Kadir MRA, editors. Wear Prediction on Total Ankle Replacement: Effect of Design Parameters. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–53. (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climacteric.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Little-Known History Of Secrecy And Censorship In Wake Of Atomic Bombings [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: IMTEC-91-41FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardin J. A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. No 401(k)? California Will Step In for Workers. New York Times. 2016 Aug 26;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClimacteric
ISSN (print)1369-7137
ISSN (online)1473-0804
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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