How to format your references using the Climacteric citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climacteric. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grotzinger JP. Exploring martian habitability. Habitability, taphonomy, and the search for organic carbon on Mars. Introduction. Science. 2014 Jan 24;343(6169):386–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mourier T, Jeffares DC. Eukaryotic intron loss. Science. 2003 May 30;300(5624):1393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chklovskii DB, Mel BW, Svoboda K. Cortical rewiring and information storage. Nature. 2004 Oct 14;431(7010):782–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bachtold A, Hadley P, Nakanishi T, Dekker C. Logic circuits with carbon nanotube transistors. Science. 2001 Nov 9;294(5545):1317–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi FJ. Institutional Investment Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Zhao W, Prenat G, editors. Spintronics-based Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. IX, 253 p. 199 illus., 174 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Torres AM, Price WS. Introduction to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. In: Aldrich-Wright J, editor. Metallointercalators: Synthesis and Techniques to Probe Their Interactions with Biomolecules. Vienna: Springer; 2011. p. 129–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climacteric.

Blog post
Luntz S. How Learning To Read Transforms Your Deep Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 May. Report No.: GAO-05-471.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolb JN. What’s professional development got to do with it? The value of lesson study in implementing the common core standards for mathematical practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Two Pitchers Conquer Struggles and Morph Into Game 2 Starters. New York Times. 2016 Oct 9;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClimacteric
ISSN (print)1369-7137
ISSN (online)1473-0804
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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