How to format your references using the Clays and Clay Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clays and Clay Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kramer, M. (2009) Astronomy. Extreme spinning tops. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 1396–1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roos, D. and Winterbourn, C.C. (2002) Immunology. Lethal weapons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296, 669–671.
A journal article with 3 authors
Minai, L., Yeheskely-Hayon, D., and Yelin, D. (2013) High levels of reactive oxygen species in gold nanoparticle-targeted cancer cells following femtosecond pulse irradiation. Scientific reports, 3, 2146.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Levin, V., Shapiro, N., Park, J., and Ritzwoller, M. (2002) Seismic evidence for catastrophic slab loss beneath Kamchatka. Nature, 418, 763–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian, J., Penttinen, A., Stoyan, H., and Stoyan, D. (2008) Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Borg, I. (2005) Modern Multidimensional Scaling: Theory and Applications. P. in.: Second Edition. Springer Series in Statistics, Springer, New York, NY, XXII, 614 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Byers, M., Starkey, K., and Mahoney, P.F. (2011) How Guns Work. Pp. 23–36 in: Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide (A.J. Brooks, J. Clasper, M. Midwinter, T.J. Hodgetts, and P.F. Mahoney, editors). Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clays and Clay Minerals.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016) The Cosmic Crime-Scene Hunt For Clues On How Galaxies Are Formed. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007) NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman, C.L. (2015) Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McPHATE, M. (2016) Man Cuffed on Failure to Return VHS Tape. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramer, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Roos and Winterbourn, 2002; Kramer, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roos and Winterbourn, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Levin et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleClays and Clay Minerals
AbbreviationClays Clay Miner.
ISSN (print)0009-8604
ScopeSoil Science
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Water Science and Technology

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