How to format your references using the Clays and Clay Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clays and Clay Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montmerle, T. (2001) Astronomy. A stellar merry-go-round. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293, 2409–2410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ioannidis, J.P.A. and Khoury, M.J. (2011) Improving validation practices in “omics” research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334, 1230–1232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Waterhouse, P.M., Wang, M.B., and Lough, T. (2001) Gene silencing as an adaptive defence against viruses. Nature, 411, 834–842.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Stanhope, M.J., Lupas, A., Italia, M.J., Koretke, K.K., Volker, C., and Brown, J.R. (2001) Phylogenetic analyses do not support horizontal gene transfers from bacteria to vertebrates. Nature, 411, 940–944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz, H.R., Muñoz, A.M., and Gacula, M.C., Jr. (2008) Viewpoints and Controversies in Sensory Science and Consumer Product Testing. P. in.: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., Trumbull, Connecticut, USA.
An edited book
Meghvansi, M.K. and Varma, A. (eds.). (2015) Organic Amendments and Soil Suppressiveness in Plant Disease Management. P. in.: 1st ed. 2015. Soil Biology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, XI, 531 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bishara, A., Liu, Y., Kashef-Haghighi, D., Weng, Z., Newburger, D.E., West, R., Sidow, A., and Batzoglou, S. (2015) Read Clouds Uncover Variation in Complex Regions of the Human Genome. Pp. 30–31 in: Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings (T.M. Przytycka, editor). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clays and Clay Minerals.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017) Seventeen Minor Planets Now Have New Names Thanks To A Competition. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991) Strategic Bombers: Issues Related to the B-1B Aircraft Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford, J. (2012) Commutative endomorphism rings of simple abelian varieties over finite fields. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N. (2017) Opposition Leader Tests Public Support for Bid to Topple Putin. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montmerle, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Montmerle, 2001; Ioannidis and Khoury, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ioannidis and Khoury, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Stanhope et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleClays and Clay Minerals
AbbreviationClays Clay Miner.
ISSN (print)0009-8604
ScopeSoil Science
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Water Science and Technology

Other styles