How to format your references using the Clays and Clay Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clays and Clay Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boughman, J.W. (2001) Divergent sexual selection enhances reproductive isolation in sticklebacks. Nature, 411, 944–948.
A journal article with 2 authors
Christensen, J.H. and Christensen, O.B. (2003) Climate modelling: Severe summertime flooding in Europe. Nature, 421, 805–806.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ogata, H., Nishikawa, K., and Lubitz, W. (2015) Hydrogens detected by subatomic resolution protein crystallography in a [NiFe] hydrogenase. Nature, 520, 571–574.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Cheng, Q., Wu, K., Shi, Y., Wang, H., and Wang, G.P. (2013) Directionally hiding objects and creating illusions at visible wavelengths by holography. Scientific reports, 3, 1974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman, E. (2017) Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Sacchetti, E. (2014) Adherence to Antipsychotics in Schizophrenia. P. in.: Springer, Milano, XII, 159 p. 10 illus., 1 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller-Ibold, T. (2010) Foreign Investment in Germany: Restrictions Based on Public Security Concerns and Their Compatibility with EU Law. Pp. 103–122 in: European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2010 (C. Herrmann and J.P. Terhechte, editors). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clays and Clay Minerals.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016) Dramatic Jump Of Global Temperature In 2016 Has Shocked Scientists. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973) Narcotic Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation Programs in New York City. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunbar, S. (2013) Sideshow: An alluring dichotomy of illusion and humanity. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B. (2017) Trump Picks an Overseer of Derivatives Trading. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boughman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Boughman, 2001; Christensen and Christensen, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Christensen and Christensen, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleClays and Clay Minerals
AbbreviationClays Clay Miner.
ISSN (print)0009-8604
ScopeSoil Science
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Water Science and Technology

Other styles