How to format your references using the Clays and Clay Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clays and Clay Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singer, T. (2012) Nutrition: The vitamin D complex. Nature, 489, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandrashekar, C.M. and Busch, T. (2014) Quantum percolation and transition point of a directed discrete-time quantum walk. Scientific reports, 4, 6583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham, J., Rau, A., and Burnett, K. (2005) From pedigree cats to fluffy-bunnies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307, 872–875.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Katona, G., Carpentier, P., Nivière, V., Amara, P., Adam, V., Ohana, J., Tsanov, N., and Bourgeois, D. (2007) Raman-assisted crystallography reveals end-on peroxide intermediates in a nonheme iron enzyme. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316, 449–453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosplock, K. (2017) The Complete Direct Investing Handbook. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bloem, R. and Arbel, E. (eds.). (2016) Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 12th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2016, Haifa, Israel, November 14-17, 2016, Proceedings. P. in.: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, XVI, 211 p. 60 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Trayanova, N. and Plank, G. (2009) Bidomain Model of Defibrillation. Pp. 85–109 in: Cardiac Bioelectric Therapy: Mechanisms and Practical Implications (I.R. Efimov, M.W. Kroll, and P.J. Tchou, editors). Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clays and Clay Minerals.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015) First Self-Injectable Contraceptive Now Available In The U.K. IFLScience. IFLScience. <; (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990) Continuing Professional Education: Federal GS-510 Accountants’ Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, L. (2010) From Albéniz to Arbós: The orchestration of “Iberia.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017) Film Series. New York Times, C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singer, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Singer, 2012; Chandrashekar and Busch, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chandrashekar and Busch, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Katona et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleClays and Clay Minerals
AbbreviationClays Clay Miner.
ISSN (print)0009-8604
ScopeSoil Science
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geochemistry and Petrology
Water Science and Technology

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