How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pikitch EK. Oceans. The risks of overfishing. Science (2012) 338:474–475.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Faden RR, Karron RA. Public health and biosecurity. The obligation to prevent the next dual-use controversy. Science (2012) 335:802–804.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nandal P, Ravella SR, Kuhad RC. Laccase production by Coriolopsis caperata RCK2011: optimization under solid state fermentation by Taguchi DOE methodology. Sci Rep (2013) 3:1386.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Park JW, Lee JK, Sheu KM, Wang L, Balanis NG, Nguyen K, Smith BA, Cheng C, Tsai BL, Cheng D, et al. Reprogramming normal human epithelial tissues to a common, lethal neuroendocrine cancer lineage. Science (2018) 362:91–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Quinn JF. Dementia. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd (2013).
An edited book
1.
Kern TA ed. Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide for Engineers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2009).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Holden H, Øksendal B, Ubøe J, Zhang T. “Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Driven by Lévy Processes,” in Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach, eds. B. Øksendal, J. Ubøe, T. Zhang (New York, NY: Springer), 213–256.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatrics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Personalized Cancer Vaccines Pass Early Test. IFLScience (2015) Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/personalized-cancer-vaccines-pass-early-test/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s Earth Observing System: Estimated Funding Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1995).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Reynaldo R. Healthcare Leaders Under the Age of 40 - Successful Strategies and Practices for Leading Healthcare Organizations. (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Facebook Status? In Town and Wondering What to Do. New York Times (2009)F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatrics
AbbreviationFront. Pediatr.
ISSN (online)2296-2360
Scope

Other styles