How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Beverley SM. Parasitology: CRISPR for Cryptosporidium. Nature. 2015;523(7561):413-414.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cadwell K, Coscoy L. Ubiquitination on nonlysine residues by a viral E3 ubiquitin ligase. Science. 2005;309(5731):127-130.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cheung WWL, Watson R, Pauly D. Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature. 2013;497(7449):365-368.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dong L, Luo Q, Cheng K, et al. Facet-specific assembly of proteins on SrTiO₃ polyhedral nanocrystals. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lieser KH. Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2007.
An edited book
1.
He B, ed. Modeling and Imaging of Bioelectrical Activity: Principles and Applications. Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Moschitti A. LivingKnowledge: Kernel Methods for Relational Learning and Semantic Modeling. In: Margaria T, Steffen B, eds. Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: 4th International Symposium on Leveraging Applications, ISoLA 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, October 18-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:15-19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Hikers Film A Beautiful Spinning Ice Disk On A Frozen River. IFLScience. Published January 11, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/hikers-film-a-beautiful-spinning-ice-disk-on-a-frozen-lake/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Advanced Automation System Problems Need To Be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Glazer K. Imagining a constructionist game-based pedagogical model: Using tabletop role-playing game creation to enhance literature education in high school English classes. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. The Future Comes to a Place That Hasn’t Always Had One. New York Times. February 11, 2001:149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationCan. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0828-282X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles