How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V. Crunch time for multiple-gene tests. Nature. 2007;445(7126):354-355.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Witt CC, Brumfield RT. Comment on “Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation” (I). Science. 2004;303(5655):173; author reply 173.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Baird P, Downie J, Thompson J. Medicine. Clinical trials and industry. Science. 2002;297(5590):2211.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dixit NM, Layden-Almer JE, Layden TJ, Perelson AS. Modelling how ribavirin improves interferon response rates in hepatitis C virus infection. Nature. 2004;432(7019):922-924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Thyagarajan KS. Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Wolf NS, ed. The Comparative Biology of Aging. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Li L, Chen J, Jia K. New Impossible Differential Cryptanalysis of Reduced-Round Camellia. In: Lin D, Tsudik G, Wang X, eds. Cryptology and Network Security: 10th International Conference, CANS 2011, Sanya, China, December 10-12, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:26-39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Viruses May Be More Infectious In The Morning Than Later In The Day. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Okada H. Modulation of BACE1 by a novel sorting nexin in Alzheimer’s disease. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kolomatsky M. Does a Building’s Age Affect the Rent? New York Times. August 18, 2017:RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationCan. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0828-282X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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