How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lemaire P. Developmental biology. How many ways to make a chordate? Science. 2006;312(5777):1145-1146.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kimmins S, Sassone-Corsi P. Chromatin remodelling and epigenetic features of germ cells. Nature. 2005;434(7033):583-589.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Barber VA, Juday GP, Finney BP. Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress. Nature. 2000;405(6787):668-673.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tamaki S, Matsuo S, Wong HL, Yokoi S, Shimamoto K. Hd3a protein is a mobile flowering signal in rice. Science. 2007;316(5827):1033-1036.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gramß T, Bornholdt S, Groß M, Mitchell M, Pellizzari T. Non-Standard Computation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Shastri Y, Hansen A, Rodríguez L, Ting KC, eds. Engineering and Science of Biomass Feedstock Production and Provision. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Erovic BM, Lercher P. Preoperative Considerations. In: Lercher P, ed. Manual of Head and Neck Reconstruction Using Regional and Free Flaps. Springer; 2015:15-16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Breakthrough Melanoma Treatment Fast Tracked By FDA. IFLScience. Published September 5, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/breakthrough-melanoma-treatment-fast-tracked-fda/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. U.S.-Korea Fighter Coproduction Program--the F-16 Version. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
E CC. The Syntax of Comparative Correlatives in Mandarin Chinese. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Fuller T, Turkewitz J, Alcindor Y, Dougherty C, Kovaleski SF. A ‘Ghost Ship’ All but Unseen, Until 36 Died. New York Times. December 22, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationCan. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0828-282X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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