How to format your references using the Aethiopistische Forschungen citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aethiopistische Forschungen. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myhrvold, N. P. 2015. “Comment on ‘Evidence for mesothermy in dinosaurs,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348/6238 (2015), 982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chiosis, G. and I. G. Boneca 2001. “Selective cleavage of D-Ala-D-Lac by small molecules: re-sensitizing resistant bacteria to vancomycin,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293/5534 (2001), 1484–1487.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stewart, C. L., K. J. Roux, and B. Burke 2007. “Blurring the boundary: the nuclear envelope extends its reach,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 318/5855 (2007), 1408–1412.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Myers, S., L. Bottolo, C. Freeman, G. McVean, and P. Donnelly 2005. “A fine-scale map of recombination rates and hotspots across the human genome,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310/5746 (2005), 321–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morgan, A. 2009. Eating the Big Fish (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009).
An edited book
De Wulf, P. and W. C. Earnshaw, eds., 2009. The Kinetochore: From Molecular Discoveries to Cancer Therapy (New York, NY: Springer, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
Greve, A. M. and K. Wachtell 2013. “The Electrocardiogram as a Risk Predictor in Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis,” in N. M. Rajamannan, ed., Cardiac Valvular Medicine (London: Springer, 2013), 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aethiopistische Forschungen.

Blog post
Andrew, E. LightSail Loses Contact Thanks To Software Glitch IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <>, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994. Radio Marti: Program Review Processes Need Strengthening ( No. NSIAD-94-265) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yasa, S. R. 2017. Visual Basic Simulation of H2S Removal from Natural Gas at Downhole in an Extraction Well Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Gorman, J. 2016. “Jaws: The Story of the Stag Beetle,” New York Times, October 11, 2016, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAethiopistische Forschungen
ISSN (print)0170-3196

Other styles