How to format your references using the Chirurgie de la main citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chirurgie de la main. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sambridge M. Geophysics. An ensemble view of Earth’s inner core. Science 2003;299:529–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss J, Marsan D. Three-dimensional mapping of dislocation avalanches: clustering and space/time coupling. Science 2003;299:89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Godfrey DI, Pellicci DG, Smyth MJ. Immunology. The elusive NKT cell antigen--is the search over? Science 2004;306:1687–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wong KL, Pawin G, Kwon K-Y, Lin X, Jiao T, Solanki U, et al. A molecule carrier. Science 2007;315:1391–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa PJ. Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Shen R, Qian W, editors. Proceedings of the 27th Conference of Spacecraft TT&C Technology in China: Wider Space for TT&C. vol. 323. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Frischkorn C, Wolf M, Höfer U, Güdde J, Saalfrank P, Nest M, et al. Ultrafast dynamics of photoinduced processes at surfaces and interfaces. In: Kühn O, Wöste L, editors. Analysis and Control of Ultrafast Photoinduced Reactions, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 387–484.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chirurgie de la main.

Blog post
Taub B. Meditation And Vacations Can Alter Your Gene Expression To Protect Against Aging. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Chief Information Officers: Ensuring Strong Leadership and an Effective Council. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dolan DJ. Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kang C. What’s at Stake in the Discussions Between Comcast, Charter and Sprint. New York Times 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChirurgie de la main
ISSN (print)1297-3203

Other styles