How to format your references using the Chirurgie de la main citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chirurgie de la main. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. Anthropologists cast doubt on human DNA evidence. Nature 2003;423:468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mossel E, Vigoda E. Phylogenetic MCMC algorithms are misleading on mixtures of trees. Science 2005;309:2207–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fehr E, Bernhard H, Rockenbach B. Egalitarianism in young children. Nature 2008;454:1079–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee K, Jessop H, Suswillo R, Zaman G, Lanyon L. Endocrinology: bone adaptation requires oestrogen receptor-alpha. Nature 2003;424:389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neward T, Erickson AC, Crowell T, Minerich R. Professional F# 2.0. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Kosmidou K, Doumpos M, Zopounidis C, editors. Country Risk Evaluation. vol. 15. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Nony L, Bocquet F, Foster AS, Loppacher C. Contribution of the Numerical Approach to Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy on the Atomic-Scale. In: Sadewasser S, Glatzel T, editors. Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy: Measuring and Compensating Electrostatic Forces, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 69–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chirurgie de la main.

Blog post
Andrews R. Bright Spots Within Coral Reefs Suggest They Could Ultimately Be Saved. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration Field Offices: Reduced Workforce Faces Challenges as Baby Boomers Retire. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jakubowski JK. Making character education a reality: An investigation of secondary teachers’ perspectives toward implementation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Iran: Russia Delays Nuclear Plant To 2008. New York Times 2007:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChirurgie de la main
ISSN (print)1297-3203

Other styles