How to format your references using the Chirurgie de la main citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chirurgie de la main. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. Human cloning claim sparks fear of Senate backlash. Nature 2003;421:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chaffer CL, Weinberg RA. A perspective on cancer cell metastasis. Science 2011;331:1559–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niu M, Cheng D, Cao D. SiH/TiO2 and GeH/TiO2 heterojunctions: promising TiO2-based photocatalysts under visible light. Sci Rep 2014;4:4810.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mariathasan S, Newton K, Monack DM, Vucic D, French DM, Lee WP, et al. Differential activation of the inflammasome by caspase-1 adaptors ASC and Ipaf. Nature 2004;430:213–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayés de Luna A. Clinical Arrhythmology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Homola J, editor. Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors. vol. 4. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Leonard A, Masson M, Mitchell T, Moss JM, Ufford M. SQL Server Source Patterns. In: Masson M, Mitchell T, Moss JM, Ufford M, editors. SQL Server 2012 Integration Services Design Patterns, Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012, p. 87–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chirurgie de la main.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Has The Mystery Of Comet 67P’s Oxygen Just Been Explained? IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Passenger Vehicles: Safety Inspection of Commercial Buses and Vans Entering the United States From Mexico. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weir B. The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gabler E, Dougherty C. Woman ‘Madly in Love’ With the Gunman Says She Was Unaware of His Plans. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChirurgie de la main
ISSN (print)1297-3203

Other styles