How to format your references using the Infant Behavior and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infant Behavior and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2003). Biomedicine meets engineering. Nature, 425(6955), 324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Embley, T. M., & Martin, W. (2006). Eukaryotic evolution, changes and challenges. Nature, 440(7084), 623–630.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moynier, F., Yin, Q.-Z., & Schauble, E. (2011). Isotopic evidence of Cr partitioning into Earth’s core. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1417–1420.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Oort, B. E. H., Tyler, N. J. C., Gerkema, M. P., Folkow, L., Blix, A. S., & Stokkan, K.-A. (2005). Circadian organization in reindeer. Nature, 438(7071), 1095–1096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMarzio, J. F. (2016). Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abawajy, J. H., Mukherjea, S., Thampi, S. M., & Ruiz-Martínez, A. (Eds.). (2015). Security in Computing and Communications: Third International Symposium, SSCC 2015, Kochi, India, August 10-13, 2015. Proceedings (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 536). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sülün, T., & Şakar, O. (2016). Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Partially Edentulous Patients. In O. Şakar (Ed.), Removable Partial Dentures: A Practitioners’ Manual (pp. 37–52). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infant Behavior and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 16). The Perils Of A Life In Isolation. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). School Vouchers: Characteristics of Privately Funded Programs (No. GAO-02-752). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tam, R. (2013). Adaptation of AspectJ for C sharp (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hernández, J. C., & Drucker, J. (2017, May 19). Wooing China Investors With the Trump Name And Offers of U.S. Visas. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Embley & Martin, 2006; Gewin, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Embley & Martin, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Moynier, Yin, & Schauble, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (van Oort et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInfant Behavior and Development
AbbreviationInfant Behav. Dev.
ISSN (print)0163-6383
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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