How to format your references using the Infant Behavior and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infant Behavior and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyer, R. J. (2000). The abdication of Pope Mary III...or Galileo’s revenge. Nature, 406(6791), 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohnen, D., & Tierney, M. L. (2011). Plant science. Plants get Hyp to O-glycosylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6036), 1393–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, P. K., Hopwood, J., & Sonkusale, S. (2014). Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Scientific Reports, 4, 5964.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kannan, R., Singh, K., Gill, S., Fürstenhaupt, T., & Thangadurai, V. (2013). Chemically stable proton conducting doped BaCeO₃ -no more fear to SOFC wastes. Scientific Reports, 3, 2138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cann, A. J. (2004). Mathe für Biologen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shmaliy, Y. (Ed.). (2007). Continuous-Time Systems. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Im, S. H., & Huang, R. (2006). Morphological Instability and Kinetics of an Elastic Film on a Viscoelastic Layer. In Q. P. Sun & P. Tong (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Size Effects on Material and Structural Behavior at Micron- and Nano-Scales: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Hong Kong, China, 31 May–4 June, 2004 (pp. 41–50). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infant Behavior and Development.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 3). Smoking A Pack Of Cigarettes A Day Causes 150 Mutations A Year In Every Lung Cell. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Evaluating the Acquisition and Operation of Information Systems (No. 130485). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Motala, S. (2009). Siblings caring for elderly parents with dementia [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, June 25). It’s Time to Retrieve Time’s Time Capsule. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sawyer, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mohnen & Tierney, 2011; Sawyer, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohnen & Tierney, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Singh et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kannan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInfant Behavior and Development
AbbreviationInfant Behav. Dev.
ISSN (print)0163-6383
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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