How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Criminology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Criminology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mazzarello, P. (2000). What dreams may come? Nature, 408(6812), 523.
A journal article with 2 authors
Larsen, P. L., & Clarke, C. F. (2002). Extension of life-span in Caenorhabditis elegans by a diet lacking coenzyme Q. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 120–123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, L., Song, Z.-G., & Jiao, S.-C. (2014). Efficacy analysis of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on rare non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring complex EGFR mutations. Scientific reports, 4, 6104.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kong, H., Zhu, M., Cui, F., Wang, S., Gao, X., Lu, S., et al. (2014). Quantitative assessment of short amplicons in FFPE-derived long-chain RNA. Scientific reports, 4, 7246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, W., & Wan, M. (2016). Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mao, Q. (2013). Control of Noise and Structural Vibration: A MATLAB®-Based Approach. (S. Pietrzko, Ed.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Treerattanapitak, K., & Jaruskulchai, C. (2012). Generalized Agglomerative Fuzzy Clustering. In T. Huang, Z. Zeng, C. Li, & C. S. Leung (Eds.), Neural Information Processing: 19th International Conference, ICONIP 2012, Doha, Qatar, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part III (pp. 34–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Criminology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 14). World’s First Fluorescent Frog Discovered In The Amazon. IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/worlds-first-fluorescent-frog-discovered-in-the-amazon/. Accessed 30 October 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Must Be Taken Now to Address Slow Pace of Federal Progress (No. T-AIMD-98-205). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena, H. (2017). Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GISELA WILLIAMS; JOANNA KAKISSIS; ANDREW FERREN; SETH SHERWOOD; INGRID K. WILLIAMS; KATIE PARLA; SAMANTHA MURRAY GREENWAY; SOPHIA KISHKOVSKY; SETH SHERWOOD;, & Whitlock, S. (2011, April 17). 15 Cities, Wrapped in a Bow, for Under $100. New York Times, p. TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mazzarello 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Larsen and Clarke 2002; Mazzarello 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Larsen and Clarke 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Criminology
AbbreviationAsian J. Criminol.
ISSN (print)1871-0131
ISSN (online)1871-014X
ScopeLaw

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