How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Criminology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Criminology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kramer, M. (2009). Astronomy. Extreme spinning tops. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5933), 1396–1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Latch, D. E., & McNeill, K. (2006). Microheterogeneity of singlet oxygen distributions in irradiated humic acid solutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), 1743–1747.
A journal article with 3 authors
Advani, M. J., Rajagopalan, M., & Reddy, P. H. (2014). Calmodulin-like protein from M. tuberculosis H37Rv is required during infection. Scientific reports, 4, 6861.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Loqué, D., Lalonde, S., Looger, L. L., von Wirén, N., & Frommer, W. B. (2007). A cytosolic trans-activation domain essential for ammonium uptake. Nature, 446(7132), 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng, R. (2005). Drugs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meiners, C. R. (2010). Hardware Based Packet Classification for High Speed Internet Routers. (A. X. Liu & E. Torng, Eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang, W., Kapadia, M., & Terzopoulos, D. (2010). Full-Body Hybrid Motor Control for Reaching. In R. Boulic, Y. Chrysanthou, & T. Komura (Eds.), Motion in Games: Third International Conference, MIG 2010, Utrecht, The Netherlands, November 14-16, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 36–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Criminology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 4). Large Hadron Collider Is Back To Change Our Understanding Of The Universe … Again. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Examination of Grants Awarded to the Berkeley Unified School District and to Bilingual Children’s Television, Inc (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neil, S. (2012). A turn from the worst: Leadership influences on the successful turnaround of a high-poverty school (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, July 10). DJ Khaled Spends A 2nd Week on Top. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramer 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kramer 2009; Latch and McNeill 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Latch and McNeill 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Loqué et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Criminology
AbbreviationAsian J. Criminol.
ISSN (print)1871-0131
ISSN (online)1871-014X

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