How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Criminology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Criminology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herculano-Houzel, S. (2013). Neuroscience. Sleep it out. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 316–317.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brongersma, M. L., & Shalaev, V. M. (2010). Applied physics. The case for plasmonics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh, P., Garzione, C. N., & Eiler, J. M. (2006). Rapid uplift of the Altiplano revealed through 13C-18O bonds in paleosol carbonates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 511–515.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dahlin, E., Neely, A. S., Larsson, A., Bäckman, L., & Nyberg, L. (2008). Transfer of learning after updating training mediated by the striatum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1510–1512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kodama, K. P., & Hinnov, L. A. (2014). Rock Magnetic Cyclostratigraphy. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abramowitz, J. S., & Houts, A. C. (Eds.). (2005). Concepts and Controversies in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Peterson, C. M., Menias, C. O., & Siegel, C. L. (2008). Imaging of the Male Urethra. In S. B. Brandes (Ed.), Urethral Reconstructive Surgery (pp. 29–42). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Criminology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 8). Yes, You Can Grow Potatoes On Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Job Training Partnership Act: Services and Outcomes for Participants With Differing Needs (No. HRD-89-52). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Briseno, A. R. (2015). Improving school performance through family involvement: A grant project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, November 14). Nonstop Days, a Red Carpet Night. New York Times, p. E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herculano-Houzel 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brongersma and Shalaev 2010; Herculano-Houzel 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brongersma and Shalaev 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Dahlin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Criminology
AbbreviationAsian J. Criminol.
ISSN (print)1871-0131
ISSN (online)1871-014X

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